Intermittent fever

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Performance of the various types of fever
a) Fever continues
b) Fever continues to abrupt onset and remission
c) Remittent fever
d) Intermittent fever
e) Undulant fever
f) Relapsing fever

Intermittent fever is a type or pattern of fever in which there is an interval where temperature is elevated for several hours followed by an interval when temperature drops back to normal.[1] This type of fever usually occurs during the course of an infectious disease. Diagnosis of intermittent fever is frequently based on the clinical history but some biological tests like complete blood count and blood culture are also used. In addition radiological investigations like chest X-ray, abdominal ultrasonography can also be used in establishing diagnosis.[2][3]

Types

Malaria is a common example of intermittent fever and it has following types.[4][5]

Quotidian fever

Bouts of fever occurs daily (24-hour periodicity) for few hours, typical of Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium knowlesi.

Tertian fever

Fever occurs after an interval of two days (48-hour periodicity), typical of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale.

Quartan fever

Fever occurs after an interval of three days (72-hour periodicity), typical of Plasmodium malariae.

Examples

Following examples of infectious diseases show intermittent fever.[6][7][8]

Management

Antipyretics like ibuprofen and paracetamol are used for fever and body aches.[9] Antibiotics are also used for any underlying infection. For treating malaria, anti-malarial drugs like quinine, chloroquine and primaquine are given.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Inayatullah, Muhammad; Nasir, Shabbir Ahmed (2016). Bedside Techniques: Methods of Clinical Examination (4th ed.). ISBN 978-969-494-920-8. [page needed]
  2. ^ Vidal, E; Liozon, E; Loustaud-Ratti, V (2002). "Prise en charge d'une fièvre intermittente chez l'adulte: Fièvres intermittentes" [Management of intermittent fever in the adult]. La Revue du praticien (in French). 52 (2): 167–71. PMID 11915561. 
  3. ^ Hachulla, E (2002). "Fièvre intermittente symptomatique des maladies inflammatoires: Fièvres intermittentes" [Symptomatic intermittent fever of inflammatory diseases]. La Revue du praticien (in French). 52 (2): 160–6. PMID 11915560. 
  4. ^ Wittern, R (1989). "Die Wechselfieber bei Galen" [Galen's intermittent fever]. History and philosophy of the life sciences (in German). 11 (1): 3–22. JSTOR 23330279. PMID 2682735. 
  5. ^ Ferri, Fred F. (2009). "Malaria". Ferri's Color Atlas and Text of Clinical Medicine. pp. 1159–61. ISBN 978-1-4160-4919-7. 
  6. ^ Le Moing, V; Leport, C (2002). "Fièvres intermittentes d'origine infectieuse: Fièvres intermittentes" [Intermittent fever of infectious origin]. La Revue du praticien (in French). 52 (2): 139–44. PMID 11915556. 
  7. ^ Kameya, K; Tsuchiya, M; Mie, K (1975). "Butterfly-like erythematous lesions and intermittent fever: Miliary tuberculosis". Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine. Spec No: 726–7, 1040–3. PMID 1240348. 
  8. ^ Gräf, P; Börner, N; Reichert, M; Weilemann, L. S; Meyer, J (1988). "Intermittent fever attacks. Lyme disease without erythema chronicum migrans". Der Internist. 29 (11): 778–80. PMID 3069790. 
  9. ^ Perrott, David A; Piira, Tiina; Goodenough, Belinda; Champion, G. David (2004). "Efficacy and Safety of Acetaminophen vs Ibuprofen for Treating Children's Pain or Fever". Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 158 (6): 521–6. doi:10.1001/archpedi.158.6.521. PMID 15184213. 
  10. ^ d'Alessandro, Umberto (2009). "Existing antimalarial agents and malaria-treatment strategies". Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy. 10 (8): 1291–306. doi:10.1517/14656560902942319. PMID 19463069. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Intermittent_fever&oldid=833232441"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intermittent_fever
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Intermittent fever"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA