Inter-Korean summits

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Inter-Korean summits
South Korean name
Hangul 남북정상회담
Hanja 南北頂上會談
North Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl 북남수뇌상봉
Hancha 北南首腦相逢

Inter-Korean summits are meetings between the leaders of North Korea and South Korea. There have been four such meetings so far (2000, 2007, April 2018, and May 2018). The importance of these summits lies in the lack of formal communication between North and South Korea, which makes discussing political and economic issues difficult. The summits' agendas have included topics such as the ending of the 1953 war (currently there is an armistice in force), the massive deployment of troops at the DMZ (approximately two million in total),[1] the development of nuclear weapons by North Korea and human rights issues.

Overview

2000 summit

In 2000, the representatives of the two governments met for the first time since the division of the Korean peninsula. Kim Dae-jung, the President of South Korea, who arrived at Pyongyang Sunan International Airport, met Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea, directly under the trap of the airport, and the rallies and divisions of the People's Army Corps were held.

2007 summit

In June 2007, a summit declaration was adopted, which included the realization of the June 15 Joint Declaration, the promotion of a three-party or four-party summit meeting to resolve the nuclear issue on the Korean peninsula, and active promotion of inter-Korean economic cooperation projects.

  • Participants: Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea, and Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea
  • Place of meeting: Pyongyang, North Korea
  • Date of the meeting: October 2 - October 4, 2007
  • Results of talks: 2007 North–South Summit Declaration (ko)

April 2018 summit

A summit was held on 27 April 2018 in South Korea's portion of the Joint Security Area. It was the third summit between South and North Korea, agreed by South Korea's President, Moon Jae-in, and North Korea's Supreme Leader, Kim Jong-un.[2]

May 2018 summit

On 26 May 2018, Kim and Moon met again in the Joint Security Area.[4] The meeting took two hours, and unlike other summits it had not been publicly announced beforehand.[5]

See also

Press releases

  • Two Koreas to hold summit (CNN, Aug 7, 2007)
  • New hope of inter-Korean detente (UPI, Aug 10, 2007)
  • Inter-Korean summit (chinaview, Aug 8, 2007)
  • Korean summit postponed by floods (CNN, Aug 18, 2007)

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Kim's War Machine". Time. 2003-02-24. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  2. ^ https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/north-korea-kim-jong-un-south-moon-jae-in-meet-summit-10180506
  3. ^ https://www.tasnimnews.com/en/news/2018/03/29/1689519/north-south-korea-fix-april-date-for-1st-summit-in-years
  4. ^ "North, South Korea meet for surprise second summit". syracuse.com. 26 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  5. ^ "North and South Korean leaders hold surprise meeting". CNN. 26 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 

References

  • The Second inter-Korean summit: Four Arguments Against and Why They Could Be Wrong (quoted by nautilus.org)
  • Ban Ki-moon welcomes forthcoming inter-Korean summit
  • Inter-Korean summit welcome
  • Looking forward to new aspect of inter-Korean summit
  • the eight-point agreement by the leaders of the two Koreas at the end of their summit (quoted by koreanblog.com)
  • 2nd South-North Korean Summit Joint Statement, The Institute for Far Eastern Studies, Kyungnam University

External links

  • The inter-Korean summit:Evaluation and Tasks Ahead
  • The inter-Korean summit and Unification Formulae
  • Landmark inter-Korean summit begins with unification pledge
  • The official homepage of 2007 inter-Korean summit
  • The official website of the Republic of Korea
  • Inter-Korean dialogue
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