Inter-Korean Peace House and Unification pavilion

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Peace House
Panmunjeom.jpg
The Peace House (photo taken from the vantage point of the Freedom House, not shown). Foreground at left: the Sunken Garden
Hangul 평화의 집
Hanja 平和의 집
Revised Romanization Tongilgak
Unification Pavilion
A Democratic People's Republic of Korea soldier stands guard at Panmungak in Joint Security Area-Panmunjom, Democratic People's Republic of Korea 120224-A-YG200-003.jpg
The Unification (Tongil) pavilion
Hangul 통일각
Hanja 統一閣
Revised Romanization Tongilgak

The inter-Korean Peace House (House of Peace or Home of Peace) and the Unification Pavilion are venues for peace talks between North and South Korea. They are situated in the Truce Village on the south and north sides, respectively, of the Military Demarcation Line bisecting the area.[1] Before the Korean War, the village, named Panmunjom, consisted of householders.

Overview

PanmunjomAerialView.png
Key:
Red: Military Demarcation Line
Solid black: Buildings under North Korean administration
Outlined Buildings: under joint U.N./South Korean administration
Viewed toward the south: North Korean soldiers stand guard among the United Nations Command conference buildings (painted blue) and the North Koreans' conference buildings (painted white) that straddle the demarcation line bisecting Panmunjom Truce Village. Grounds are tan-colored on the North Korean side, grey-colored on the South Korean side, with a low concrete curb positioned along the demarcation line between. To the rear is the Freedom House. Further rear and to the right is Peace House.

Peace House

The Peace House is a three-story structure built in December 1989 and is solely designated for non-military purposes.[2] It is a place where peace talks are held except for the military talks between the two Koreas. It was the location of the 2018 inter-Korean summit in April 2018.[3][4]

  • Completion date of construction: December 19, 1989
  • Floor area: 998 square metres (10,740 sq ft), 3 stories above ground
  • Location: The Joint Security Area (JSA) of the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
  • Uses: A place for peace talks at the civilian level between North and South Korea
  • Jurisdiction: United Nations Command
  • Function: It is a venue for inter-Korean talks.
  • Layout: The first floor has a pair of rooms used for the press and lower-level delegate conferences, the second floor has a meeting room that encompasses much of the available space, and the third floor has two rooms including one for luncheons and dinners.[5] Closed-circuit television and microphones are installed in the meeting room of the North-South Talks, so that the situation can be monitored in real time at the Blue House in Seoul.

Unification Pavilion

Situated on the North Korean side of the Military Demarcation Line is the Unification (Tongil) Pavilion, also used as a venue for non-military, diplomatic meetings.[6][7][8] The Unification pavilion, located 80 metres (260 ft) northwest of Freedom House, is a two-story, 1,500 square metres (16,000 sq ft) building built in 1969.[9][10] Closed-circuit television and microphones are installed in the meeting room of the North-South Talks, so that the situation can be monitored in real time in Pyongyang.

A portion of the Unification Pavilion has also been used for North Korean military personnel office space.

Events

  • The Peace House is a neutral area, and the Park Geun-hye and Lee Myung-bak administrations used it as a meeting place.
  • In August 2015, National Security Agency chief Kim Kwan-jin used as the meeting place with the President of the Political Bureau of the North Korea.
  • On January 9, 2018, Kwon Hyok Bong, director of the Arts and Performance Bureau in North Korea's Culture Ministry, and Hyon Song-wol, North Korea's deputy chief delegate for the talks, met with South Korean counterparts at Peace House then on January 15 at Unification pavilion to discuss inter-Korean participation in the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea.[11][10]
  • North and South Korea again agreed upon these venues for the 2018 inter-Korean summit which took place on April 27.[12][13]

Gallery

Interior of North Korean meeting building 
Kim, Moon, and others, around the conference table in the Peace House's room designated for meetings between heads of state, April 27, 2018 
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and South Korean President Moon Jae-in shake hands inside the Peace House. 

See also

References

  1. ^ World Reuters Jan 14, 2018 12:36:14 IST (2018-01-14). "Pyongyang, Seoul to hold working-level talks at Panmunjom tomorrow; second dialogue between two Koreas in a week". Firstpost. Retrieved 2018-03-16. 
  2. ^ "Panmunjom tour - Introduction to JSA". Tour Dmz. 1976-08-18. Retrieved 2018-03-14. 
  3. ^ Current time Timeline Multimedia FAQ Museum exhibit (2018-03-05). "The inter-Korean agreement and Pyongyang's offer to Trump | Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists". Thebulletin.org. Retrieved 2018-03-14. 
  4. ^ Will Ripley (January 7, 2018). Talks between Koreas happening at Peace House (video). CNN. 
  5. ^ https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/04/26/605951682/the-peace-house-is-all-set-for-kim-jong-uns-first-summit-in-south-korea
  6. ^ 2016-08-03 (2016-08-03). "Panmunjom Areas of Interest | Panmunjom | Panmunjom(DMZ) Travel Center(판문점트레블센터)". Koreadmztour.com. Retrieved 2018-03-16. 
  7. ^ Kim, Christine (2017-07-17). "South Korea Proposes Talks With North". Time. Retrieved 2018-03-16. 
  8. ^ "South Korea and North Korea to Hold Working-Level Talks on Jan. 15". U.S. News & World Report. January 13, 2018. 
  9. ^ 2016-08-03 (2016-08-03). "Panmunjom Areas of Interest | Panmunjom | Panmunjom(DMZ) Travel Center(판문점트레블센터)". Koreadmztour.com. Retrieved 2018-03-16. 
  10. ^ a b "Two Koreas to hold talks at Tongil-gak Monday : The DONG-A ILBO". English.donga.com. 2018-01-15. Retrieved 2018-03-16. 
  11. ^ Lotto, Sofia. "North Korea's All-Female Band Leader Hyon Song Wol Is the Only Woman Negotiating on Kim Jong Un's Behalf". Newsweek.com. Retrieved 2018-03-16. 
  12. ^ "North and South Korea set date for historic summit". abc.net.au. 2018-03-29. Retrieved 2018-04-15. 
  13. ^ "North Korean leader to visit South for first time-INSIDE Korea JoongAng Daily". Koreajoongangdaily.joins.com. 2018-03-08. Retrieved 2018-03-14. 

External links

  • The Inter-Korean summit:Evaluation and Tasks Ahead
  • The Inter-Korean summit and Unification Formulae
  • Landmark Inter-Korean summit begins with unification pledge

The official homepage of 2007 Inter-Korean summit

  • The official website of the Republic of Korea

Inter-Korean dialogue

  • Will Ripley (January 7, 2018). Talks between Koreas happening at Peace House (video). CNN. 
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