Insurgency in Egypt (2013–present)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Insurgency in Egypt (2013–present)
Part of the Arab Winter, Egyptian crisis aftermath and Terrorism in Egypt
Date 3 July 2013 (2013-07-03)–present
(4 years, 5 months, 1 week and 2 days)
Location Egypt
Status Ongoing
Belligerents

 Egypt

Islamists


 ISIL

Commanders and leaders
Casualties and losses
Total: 772+ killed[4]

In July 2013, at the same time as mass protests began against the 3 July coup d'état which deposed Mohamed Morsi, and in parallel with the escalation of the already ongoing jihadist insurgency in the Sinai Peninsula, pro-Muslim Brotherhood militants started violent attacks against policemen and soldiers in Central and Western Egypt. In the following months, new Islamist armed groups were created to reinstate Islamist rule in Egypt, like Soldiers of Egypt and the Popular Resistance Movement. Since 2013, violence in mainland Egypt has escalated and developed into a low-level Islamist insurgency against the Egyptian government.[5][6]

Chronology

Some of the main attacks and arrests are described by year:

2013

  • On 23 July, an explosive device killed 1 and injured 19 at a police station in Mansoura.[7]
  • On 5 October, gunmen shot dead six soldiers near the Suez Canal city of Ismailiya.[8]
  • On 28 October, assailants killed three policemen who were posted near the University of Mansura in Egypt's Nile Delta region.[9]

2014

  • From 23 to 26 January, a bombing wave occurs with 13 victims.[10]
  • On 15 March, 6 soldiers were killed by bombs at a checkpoint.[11]
  • On 19 March, senior official were as well as two members of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis [12]
  • On 19 July, the July 2014 Al-Wadi Al-Gedid attack killed 25 people.
  • On 5 August, seven people were killed.[13]
  • On 14 September, 7 high-profile militants were killed by security forces in Suez area.[14]

2015

  • On 6 March, three policemen were killed in Mahalla.[15]
  • On 15 April, three military cadets were killed in a bomb attack.[16]
  • On 24 April, four Muslim brotherhood members were killed by their explosives.[17]
  • On 9 May, four dead in an exchange of fire between police and members of Muslim brotherhood.[1]
  • On 29 June, a top prosecutor was killed by explosives in his car.[18]
  • On 1 July, 9 militants were killed by police in Giza.[19]
  • On 11 July 2015, a car bomb exploded outside the Italian consulate in the Egyptian capital Cairo resulting in at least one death and four people injured, responsibility was claimed by ISIS.[20][21][22]
  • On 17 July, 6 persons were killed during clashes in Cairo.[23]
  • On 6 August, 5 Muslim brotherhood members were shot dead in Fayoum province.[24]
  • On 24 August, a bus bombing kills 3 policemen and wounds 33 others.[25]
  • On 21 September, police kills 10 militants in Bahariya Oasis and following a mistake attack of 12 people including Mexican tourists.[26]
  • On 25 September, 9 militants were killed following the bombing of the Italian consulate in Cairo.[27]

2016

  • 8 January - 2 militants armed with a melee weapon and a signal flare, arrived by sea and stormed Bella Vista Hotel in the Red Sea city of Hurghada, stabbing three foreign tourists from Sweden and Austria. One of the assailants was shot dead and the other was wounded by security forces.(2016 Hurghada attack)
  • 21 January - 9 people including six policemen, and ten others were wounded in Giza when, after raiding an Islamic State hideout, a bomb detonated.[28][29]
  • 29 September - A car exploded after the passage of the general prosecutor car. One civilian was wounded.[30]
  • 28 October - A bomb killed one and another were wounded. The explosion occurred in Cairo.[31]
  • 19 November - in Cairo was One child killed and another was injured when an improvised explosive device detonated in an apartment in Cairo’s Manshiyet Nasser district.[32]
  • 9 December -
    • A civilian died and another 3 were injured in bombing attack in Kafr El Sheikh.[33][34]
    • 6 police officers and a civilian were killed in a bombing near a checkpoint in the Egyptian capital. 3 additional officers and 4 civilians were wounded by the blast The Hasm Movement claimed responsibility for the attack.[35][36]
  • 11 December - At least 25 people were killed and 49 injured after a suicide bombing at a Coptic cathedral in Cairo.
  • 12 December - is A military vehicle struck a roadside bomb during a security swoop in North Sinai’s city of Sheikh Zuweid, killing four soldiers Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack.[37]

2017

  • 16 January - Eight Egyptian security officers were killed and 3 others were injured when their checkpoint about 70 km away from the Kharga Oasis was attacked by unidentified militants. At least two of the assailants were killed, while the others escaped.[38]
  • 1 April - A booby-trapped motorbike exploded outside a police training center, killing one police officer and injuring 12 others, as well as 3 civilians.[39]
  • 3 April - A police officer was injured when he thwarted a terrorist attack on a security checkpoint in Arish.[40]
  • 9 April - 2017 Palm Sunday church bombings
    • At least 45 people were killed and at least 126 were injured in an explosion in a Coptic Church in Tanta, Egypt. Initial investigations show the terrorist blew himself up during the church's Palm Sunday services, causing mass destruction at the scene.[41][42]
    • Near a police station in Tanta, there was also an attack.[43]
    • A suicide bomber has detonated an explosion outside Saint Mark’s Church in Alexandria’s Manshyia district. Casualties were reported.[44]
    • There was also an exploration in Chouhada Street in Alexandria.[45]
  • 27 April - An Islamic State suicide bomber killed four members of a Bedouin tribe and wounded others in Rafah.[46]
  • 1 May - A police convoy that was in the Nasr City area of Cairo were attacked after gunmen in two vehicles opened fire. The attack killed three police officers and wounded five.[47]
  • 7 May - A Christian man has been shot dead by Islamic State militants in Arish.[48]
  • 11 May -Thirteen armed tribesmen were killed and two kidnapped in an attack by gunmen in the northern city of Rafah in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.[49]
  • 26 May - 2017 Minya attack 28 people have been killed and 25 wounded after gunmen opened fire on a bus carrying Coptic Christians in central Egypt.[50][51]
  • 1 June - Three soldiers and one Egyptian army officer were killed in a bomb blast near El-Bawiti in Egypt’s Western Desert, the army confirmed in a statement.[52]
  • 18 June - An Egyptian policeman was killed and four wounded by a roadside explosive near the Cairo suburb of Maadi.[53]
  • 7 July - At least 23 Egyptian soldiers were killed when suicide car bombs tore through two military checkpoints in North Sinai.[54]
  • 2 October - Egypt's Interior Ministry announced that the police had killed three suspected militants in a shootout in a southern Cairo suburb. The gunfire exchange took place at a cemetery under construction in May 15th City, a district south of Cairo, as security forces were trying to arrest them. Rifles and ammunition were found at the scene.[55]

Casualties

103 people were killed in 2013, 195 in 2014, 272 in 2015, 101 in 2016, and at least 124 in 2017.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b "4 killed in violent clashes in Damietta". Daily News Egypt. 2015-05-09. Retrieved 2017-10-10. 
  2. ^ "Ajnad Misr". Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy. 
  3. ^ "(Allied) Popular Resistance Movement". Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy. 
  4. ^ a b "ACLED Version 5 (1997–2014)". Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project. Retrieved 5 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "Egypt's Escalating Islamist Insurgency". Carnegie Middle East Center. 21 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "Egypt's Rising Security Threat". Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy. 15 November 2015. 
  7. ^ "'Terrorist attack' on police station in Egypt's Mansoura kills one". Al-Ahram. 24 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "Egyptian soldiers killed in Ismailiya and Sinai attacks". 
  9. ^ "Three officers killed in Daqahleya". 
  10. ^ "Bombing wave hits Egypt amid fear of more violence". 
  11. ^ "Egypt unrest: Six soldiers shot dead in Cairo". 
  12. ^ "Two army officers, teenager killed in violence in Egypt". 
  13. ^ "Four killed in Egypt's North Coast during 'terror attack' were not militants". 
  14. ^ "7 high profile militants killed in Suez security raid". 
  15. ^ "Death toll rises to three from Mahalla blast". 8 March 2015. 
  16. ^ "Third military cadet dies after last week's Kafr El-Sheikh attack". 
  17. ^ "4 killed, 1 injured in Beni Suef explosion". Daily News Egypt. 2015-04-25. Retrieved 2017-10-10. 
  18. ^ Erin Cunningham (29 June 2015). "Cairo blast kills top prosecutor, raising fears about militant reach in Egypt". Washington Post. 
  19. ^ "Egypt's security forces kill 9 'terrorists' during raid in Giza". 
  20. ^ "ISIS claims responsibility for bomb attack against Italian consulate in Cairo | News , Middle East". The Daily Star. 2015-07-06. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  21. ^ "Islamic State 'behind blast' at Italian consulate in Cairo - BBC News". Bbc.com. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  22. ^ "1 dead in car bomb blast at Italian Consulate in Egypt - CNN.com". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  23. ^ "At least six dead as Islamist protesters clash with police in Cairo". the Guardian. 
  24. ^ "Police kill 5 alleged Brothehrood members in Fayoum". Cairo Post. 
  25. ^ "Egypt bus bombing kills three policemen, injures 33". 
  26. ^ "Egyptian army kills 10 militants in Bahariya Oasis". 
  27. ^ MENAFN. "9 killed were militants behind Italian Consulate bombing: Police". Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  28. ^ "Bomb attack kills six in Cairo". Reuters. 21 January 2016. 
  29. ^ "ISIS claims responsibility for Cairo attack that killed 9". The Jerusalem Post. 22 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 
  30. ^ "Egypte : Attentat au Caire contre le procureur général". 2016-10-01. Retrieved 2016-10-01. 
  31. ^ "One passerby killed, another injured in Cairo by roadside IED - Politics - Egypt - Ahram Online". English.ahram.org.eg. 2016-10-28. Retrieved 2016-11-28. 
  32. ^ "1 child killed, another injured after bomb detonates in Manshiyet Nasser". Daily News Egypt. 2016-11-20. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  33. ^ "Bomb targeting policemen kills civilian in Egypt's Kafr El-Sheikh - Politics - Egypt - Ahram Online". 
  34. ^ "Bomb kills civilian, injures three police in northern Egypt: security sources". 9 December 2016 – via Reuters. 
  35. ^ CNN, Sarah Faidell and Steve Almasy. "Egyptian blasts kill, wound police officers". 
  36. ^ "Explosion in Cairo kills 6 Egyptian policemen, injures others". The Washington Post. 9 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  37. ^ "Une bombe tue quatre soldats dans le Sinaï". Conflits-FR. 2016-12-13. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  38. ^ "Police officers die in attack in Egypt's Western Desert". Al Jazeera. 16 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  39. ^ "Bomb explosion targets police in Egypt's Tanta". Aljazeera. Retrieved 2017-04-02. 
  40. ^ "Police officer injured thwarted a terrorist attack on a security checkpoint in the Street of gisr el wadi - El Arish". egypt.liveuamap. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  41. ^ "Explosion in Ägypten: 25 Tote, 70 Verletzte" (in German). Retrieved 2017-04-09. 
  42. ^ "Egypt Coptic church blast 'kills at least 13' in Nile Delta". Retrieved 2017-04-09. 
  43. ^ "Ägypten: Zweite Explosion nahe Polizeistation" (in German). Retrieved 2017-04-09. 
  44. ^ "BREAKING: Explosion at the Saint Mark's Church in Alexandria: Coptic Church official" (in eng). Retrieved 2017-04-09. 
  45. ^ "Blutiger Palmsonntag: Zweite Explosion in Alexandria - Medien" (in German). Retrieved 2017-04-09. 
  46. ^ "Suicide bomber kills 4 Bedouin in Egypt's Sinai". Retrieved 2017-04-27. 
  47. ^ "Egypt violence: Three police killed in Cairo attack". 2 May 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  48. ^ News, ABC. "ABC News". ABC News. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  49. ^ "13 armed tribesmen killed in attack in Egypt's Sinai". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  50. ^ "Egypt Coptic Christians killed in bus attack". BBC. 26 May 2017. 
  51. ^ "At least 35 Coptic Christians killed, 25 injured in Egypt bus attack". Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  52. ^ "4 Egyptian personnel killed in bomb blast". 1 June 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  53. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "UPDATE 3-Roadside explosion in Cairo kills Egyptian policeman". Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  54. ^ "At least 23 Egyptian soldiers killed in deadliest Sinai attack in years". Reuters. 7 July 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
  55. ^ Press, Associated. "Egypt says police killed 3 suspected militants in Cairo". Fox News. Retrieved 2017-10-10. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Insurgency_in_Egypt_(2013–present)&oldid=813559267"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insurgency_in_Egypt_(2013–present)
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Insurgency in Egypt (2013–present)"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA