Indonesian Marine Corps

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Korps Marinir
LOGO MARINIR.png
Indonesian Marine Corps Coat of Arms
Active 15 November 1945 - present
Country  Indonesia
Allegiance Presidential Standard of Indonesia.svg President of Indonesia
Branch Indonesian Navy
Type Naval Infantry, Amphibious warfare force
Size 2 Divisions and 1 Independent Brigade
Part of Indonesian National Armed Forces Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI)
Nickname(s) Hantu Laut (Ghost of the Sea), Baret Ungu (Purple Berets)
Motto(s) Jalesu Bhumyamca Jayamahe (Sanskrit): Glorious On The Land And Sea
Beret color   Reddish Purple
Anniversaries 15 November
Engagements
Website www.marinir.tnial.mil.id
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief President Joko Widodo
Minister of Defence Ryamizard Ryacudu
TNI Commander Air chief marshal Hadi Tjahjanto
Indonesian Navy Chief of Staff Admiral Ade Supandi
Marine Corps Commandant Major General Bambang Suswantono
Insignia
Right shoulder patch insignia KM color.jpg

The Indonesian Marine Corps (Indonesian: Korps Marinir) previously known as KKO (Korps Komando Operasi), officially known as KORMAR or simply "Marinir", Tentara Nasional Indonesia – Angkatan Laut, ("KORMAR", TNI-AL); officially translated as: Marine Corps, Indonesian Navy[1] is currently an integral part of the Indonesian Navy (TNI-AL) and sized at the military corps level unit as the naval infantry and main amphibious warfare force of Indonesia. There are future plans to expand the Indonesian Marine Corps to become an independent, uniformed force. It is commanded by a two star marine general (note that it does not use the Admiral title). It has two divisions, which are:

  • Pasukan Marinir I / "PASMAR I" (Marine Force I) based in Surabaya for operations in the eastern fleet of Indonesia
  • Pasukan Marinir II / "PASMAR II" (Marine Force II) based in Jakarta for operations in the western fleet of Indonesia.

The two marine divisions (PASMAR I and II) are each led by a one star admiral (Brigadier General).

The Indonesian Marine Corps was formally a special operations force for the Indonesian Navy (TNI-AL), then named Korps Komando Operasi or "KKO" (Commando Operations Corps). It was actively involved in various confrontations and conflicts involving Indonesia during the past. Now it still forms as one of the biggest corps within the Indonesian Armed Forces especially the Navy and usually deploys troops to UN Peacekeeping missions abroad with other service branches of the Indonesian Armed Forces.

The Indonesian Marine Corps maintains a joint special operations unit, known as Detasemen Jala Mangkara or "DENJAKA" (Jala Mangkara Detachment) created on the 1st of December 1984, and draws operators from the Komando Paukan Katak, TNI-AL or "KOPASKA" (The Indonesian Navy's Frogman Commando Force) and Batalyon Intai Ampibi, TNI-AL or "YONTAIFIB" (Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion, Indonesian Marine Corps). This unit has conducted anti piracy and hostage rescue operations in the current pirating in Somalia.

History

Indonesian marine corps battling Permesta insurgents, 1950–1960s

The forerunner of the Marine Corps started from November 15, 1945 in Base IV of ALRI (Indonesian Navy), Tegal so this date was used as the birthday of the Marine Corps, then the Corps Mariniers. Furthermore, based on Decree No. Minister of Defense. A / 565/1948 on October 9, 1948 established the existence of a Command Corps within the Navy. The old name of the Marine Corps was Naval Commando Operations Corps (KKO AL), and in accordance with the Decree of the Chief of Naval Staff. Skept / 1831 / XI / 1975 dated 15 November 1975 (the Corps' 30th anniversary), was restored to its former name (Korps Marinir).

The marine corps has been active in various military operations in Indonesia. One of the largest amphibious military operations would have been Operation Jayawijaya in which thousands of marines were planned to land on Biak in 1963 as a part of the Trikora Campaign to take West Irian from Dutch control. The operation was aborted as a consequence deals preceding the New York Agreement.[2]

At the height of the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation, Harun Hj Mohd Said and Usman Ali (hereinafter known as Usman Harun), two members of the Marine Corps were dispatched to Singapore using rubber boats. Their main task is to infiltrate and sabotage the interests of Malaysia and Singapore. In practice, these operations are only able to blow up the MacDonald House and cause civilian and non-military casualties. In that incident, 20 fruit shops around the hotel was heavily damaged, 24 pieces sedan vehicles were destroyed, 30 people died, 35 people suffered serious injuries and mild. This incident is known as the MacDonald House bombing. Usman and Harun were unable to escape from Singapore and was eventually arrested and sentenced to death by the Singapore government.[3]

In 1999 a plan was proposed to expand the Kormar from its strength of 13,000 troops. Based on this plan, every Marine Base would have three combat brigades: the Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery and would be supported by one Combat Support Regiment and one Administration Support Regiment. The expansion will create three Kormar bases: Surabaya for Eastern area command, Jakarta for Central area command, and Rate Island in Lampung for Western area command. Now the Indonesian Marine Corps has an estimated 29,000 troops in two Marine Forces (PASMARs) and one independent infantry marine brigade, when combined equal to one over-strength infantry division, which includes its own sizeable mechanised amphibious and artillery units.

Following a reorganisation introduced in March 2001, the corps consisted of the 1st Marine Corps Group (1,3,5 Battalions, 1st combat support regiment, and 1st administrative support regiment) at Surabaya, and the Independent Marine Corps Brigade (2,4,6, battalions) at Jakarta (JDW 11 April 2001). The 8th Bn was formed in January 2004 and the 9th Bn was due to be formed in April 2004. They were planned to be part of a new group that would include the 7th Bn and support elements. (JDW 18 February 2004, p. 18) The same Jane's Defence Weekly story (Robert Karniol, 'Indonesia Reinforces Marines') said the Marine Corps leadership is reported to have ambitions for the service to expand fto at least two full divisions. However it was reported that the army was opposed, 'perhaps reflecting its leadership's concern over influence.'

Separation of the Marine Corps from the Navy

Indonesian Operational Corps Command (KKO) Marines Tanks, circa 1960s. Location unknown
Indonesian Navy Commandos (KKO Marines) occupying Langowan Airfield circa 1960s

The Corps Mariniers was originally formed as an "education institution" for Indonesian sailors to have the ability to fight in land in the state of an emergency. Mostly, the pioneer instructors of Corps Mariniers were graduates from the Sailing School. But at least one of them has ever received a combat education on the ground. One of the instructors who had the experience of battle education on land was Tatang Rusmaja, a PETA (Pembela Tanah Air) dropout during basic training. The Trainees were composed not only of the personnel from the Navy and youth from Tegal, but also by recruits from various parts of the young republic. Like other Navy troops in various regions, Corps Mariniers were also eventually forced to join the guerrillas on land because of the lack of Naval weaponry. In other places, these Indonesian Navy troops were widely known as ALRI Gunung meaning "Navy Mountaineers" because they were known to fight more often, not in the beaches, but in the jungles and mountain trails. But the newly formed Corps Mariniers were still unknown widely because this brand-new corps only existed in the IV Naval Base in Tegal, not yet in other bases outside of Java. The young corps' personnel were deployed 25 times to fight with the Army to defeat the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army during the Semarang revolution. In the midst of the revolution, precisely on 17th of March 1948, by virtue of the "Re-Ra" aka "Reorganization and Rationalization" plan, outlined by the then Commander of the Armed Forces and the national government, the Corps Mariniers from the IV Naval Base in Tegal which had a lot of combat experience on land was to be separated from the Navy (ALRI) altogether.

Corps Mariniers then merged into the Indonesian Army Diponegoro Division under the name of the Ocean Regiment divided into five battalions while the Navy troops who still insist to be part of the Navy must submit a letter of application to the Minister of Defense and Commander of the Armed Forces. On the 9th of October 1948, out of Decree No. A / 565/1948 from the Minister of Defense, the establishment of a Command Corps within the Navy was ordered. Nevertheless, the reception of its personnel was only made after the Round Table Conference (KMB) in 1949. Selection of acceptance was held in the Surabaya Main Base (Pangkalan Utama Surabaya) post-submitted to the Indonesian government as the impact of the KMB. Approximately 1,200 selected personnel would be then enlisted to the Amphibious Forces of the Indonesian Navy (Marines).

But after being examined further, it turned out that the 95% percent of the 1,200 people enlisted were unfortunately former Corps Mariniers marines who were based in Tegal during the National Revolution. Of all the Navy Commando Operations Command (KKO AL) personnel registered in 1950, 90 percent were veterans of the Corps Mariniers of Naval Base IV in Tegal, their experience being shared to the new recruits. Therefore, the existence of the Corps Mariniers formed on November 15, 1945 as mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, may be justified as the forerunner of the current Marine Corps of the Navy. After the formation of the KKO, its leadership had time to specify this particular unit to refer to the British and Dutch Marine Corps. Both countries are still uniting the Marine Corps with the Navy, unlike the United States whose Marine Corps is separated from the Navy, but united in the Defense Department as branches of the armed forces. However, in the end, training the new recuits of the KKO, as well as advance training for all personnel and tactical operations, was in the basis of both the USMC and Netherlands Marine Corps. It was only with the issuance of Navy Chief of Staff Decree No. Skept / 1831 / XI / 1975 on the 15th of November 1975 which restored the Marine Corps, by then marking its 30th anniversary, to its original name.[4]

History of the Beret Color and Corps Emblem (Gold Anchor and Black Saber)

Indonesian Marines with their distinctive purple berets

In 1958, purple color was used by Marine Corps (when it was still called KKO-AL) in the form of ribbon as security code to hold landing operations in Padang, West Sumatera during Operation August 17, 1961. The purple beret was first time used by the 1st Battalion KKO AL (1st Marine Battalion) in Operation Alugoro in Aceh. Furthermore, the beret was equipped with emblems. Initially the Marine Corps emblem was a red rectangular with the symbol of a Roman helmet and two crossed swords in the middle, the beret was pushed to the left where the emblem was located. In 1962, coinciding with the 17th anniversary of KKO-AL (old name of Indonesian Marines), there was a change in the emblem with the introduction of the Keris Samudera sword emblem surrounded by a ribbon with the words "Jalesu Bhumyamca Jayamahe" and there is a writing bearing "Commando Corps" underneath. In between the Corps and Commando writings there was a printed 1945 number indicating the Marine Corps year of foundation, and below the traditional sword a map of Indonesia on a blue lotus flower. All the emblems and inscriptions are made of brass with red rectangle. In 1968, it was again made a little change to print "Yellow" strips on the outer rings of the rectangular emblem. In 1975, with the issuance of Naval chief of staff order No. / 1831 / XI / 1975 dated 14 November 1975, the name of the Naval Command Corps (KKO-AL) changed its name to the Marine Corps in accordance with the name of the Corps Mariniers since 1945. In 1976, the Chief of Staff of the Navy issued Decree No. Skep / 2084 / X / 1976 dated October 20, 1976, on the Change of the Marine Corps Emblem to comply with the earlier decree on the return to the former name of the corps. The change was to add the Anchor as the background of the emblem (to signify the Corps as a constituent service of the Indonesian Navy), the ribbon bearing the "Commando Corps" transformed into "Marine Corps" and the number "1945" remained at the center. The emblem is mounted on a beret provided that the center of the emblem base is located just above the outer end of the left eye's forehead. So the emblem officially began to be used exactly on the 31st Marine Corps Birthday Parade in Jakarta on 15 November 1976 when new colours were awarded to the Corps.

  • The Navy Operations Commando Corps (KKO-AL) Emblem was used in 1960-1962 Based on the KKO-AL Commander order Dated: 04 January 1961 Skept Number: 02 / KP / KKO / 1961.
  • The Navy Operations Commando Corps (KKO-AL) Emblem was used in 1962-1976 Based on the Commander-in-Chief's Command Date 10 September 1962 Skept Number: 5030.6.
  • The Marine Corps emblem was Used in 1976 - Present Based on Navy Chief of Staff order Dated: October 20, 1976 Skept Number: Skep / 2084 / X / 1976

Symbolism of the Gold Anchor and Black Saber

  • Black Saber Keris Samudera (Saber of the Ocean) - honors the naval heritage of the early Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms, the Christian Kingdom of Larantuka and later Islamic sultanates that form part of modern day Indonesia
  • Relief map on the blue Lotus - The relief map of Indonesia on the blue lotus flower symbolizes the national responsibility of the Corps in the defense of Indonesia through amphibious sea and ground operations
  • Gold Anchor with Black Chain - acknowledges the naval tradition of the Marines and their continual service as a specialty branch and service within the Indonesian Navy
  • Marine Corps Motto "Jalesu Bhumyamca Jayamahe" (Glorious On The Land And Sea) - The Sanskrit motto of the Corps reflects its duty to help the nation win victories in amphibious and conventional operations, the gold scrolls which hold the motto also remember the cultural heritage of the country it defends

Organization

Indonesian Marines in parade formation
Marine Corps Headquarters in Central Jakarta
Indonesian Marines Color Guard
Indonesian Marines Taifib snipers
Indonesian Marines demonstrating to USMC Marines
US, Indonesia Marines train together during RIMPAC Exercise 2014

Currently the power of the Marine Corps of the Navy is divided into 2 Marine Forces (Pasmar 1) in Sidoarjo and (Pasmar 2) in Central Jakarta, each is headed by a One Star Marine General. Each Pasmar oversees the Marine Infantry Brigade, the Marine Combat Support Regiment ("Menbanpurmar"), the Marine Artillery Regiment ("Menartmar") and the Marine Cavalry Regiment ("Menkavmar"). The current 3rd Marine Infantry Brigade covers 4 Marine Infantry Battalions plus support units. The elite unit of the Marine Corps of the Navy is called the Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion ("Taifib") and the Navy's anti-terror unit called the Jala Mengkara (Denjaka) Detachment. Kopaska is the Indonesian Navy's elite frogman unit

Organizational Command Structure

Indonesian Marine Corps organizational structure.jpg

1st Marine Force

The 1st Marine Force (Pasmar 1) is the Indonesian Marine Corps Executive Command, covering eastern Indonesia. Pasmar 1 has the main tasks, namely to foster the strength and capability of operational preparedness as the Navy's amphibious force in the framework of projection of power to the land by sea, coastal defense operations on strategic islands and other combat operations in accordance with the policy of the Naval Chief of Staff, Marine Corps Commandant and Indonesian Armed Forces Commander (Panglima). Pasmar 1 was established based on the Navy Chief of Staff decree No. 08 / III / 2001 dated 12 March 2001. The base is located in Sidoarjo, East Java.

    • 1st Marine Infantry Brigade located in Sidoarjo
      1. Brigade HQ
      2. 1st Marine Infantry Battalion
      3. 3rd Marine Infantry Battalion
      4. 5th Marine Infantry Battalion
    • 1st Marine Artillery Regiment
      1. Regiment HQ
      2. 1st Marine Air Defense Artillery Battalion
      3. LOGO BATALYON HOWITZER- 1 MARINIR.jpg 1st Marine Howitzer Artillery Battalion
      4. 1st Marine Multiple Rocket Launcher Battalion
    • 1st Marine Cavalry Regiment
      1. Regiment HQ
      2. 1st Marine Amphibious Landing Vehicle Battalion
      3. 1st Marine Amphibious Tank Battalion
      4. 1st Marine Artillery Carrier Amphibious Vehicle Battalion
    • 1st Marine Combat Support Regiment
      1. Regiment HQ
      2. 1st Marine Motorized Transport Battalion
      3. 1st Marine Communication and Electronics Battalion
      4. 1st Marine Supply and Equipments Battalion
      5. 1st Marine Combat Engineers Battalion
      6. 1st Marine Medical Battalion
      7. 1st Marine Military Police Battalion
    • Marine Base Surabaya
      1. Headquarters and HQ Services
      2. Transport Detachment (Denang)
      3. Supply Detachment (Denbek)
      4. Maintenance Detachment (Denhar)
      5. Marine Band Detachment Surabaya (Densik)
      6. General Maintenance Detachment (Denpum)
      7. Public Relations Detachment (Denpum)
      8. Ewa Pangalila Marine Hospital
    • V Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • VI Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • VII Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • VIII Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • IX Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • X Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • XI Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • XIII Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • XIV Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • 1st Marine Taifib Battalion, Special Forces (1st Marine Force)

2nd Marine Force

Entrance to the 2nd Marine Force (PASMAR II) base in Jakarta
Maj. Nikodemus Balla from the Communication and Electronics Battalion, Marine Combat Support Regiment, 2nd Marine Force, troubleshoots and restores Internet connection at the Indonesia Peace and Security Center in Sentul, West Java

The 2nd Marine Force (Pasmar 2) is the Indonesian Marine Corps Executive Command, covering western Indonesia. Pasmar 2 has the main tasks, namely to foster the strength and capability of operational preparedness as the Navy's amphibious force in the framework of projection of power to the land by sea, coastal defense operations on strategic islands and other combat operations in accordance with the policy of the Naval Chief of Staff, Marine Corps Commandant and Indonesian Armed Forces Commander (Panglima). Pasmar 2 was established based on the Navy Chief of Staff decree 03/II/2004, dated 13 February 2004. The base is located in Jakarta. The 3rd Marine Brigade, based in Lampung province, reports to the Commanding General of the 2nd MF.

    • 2nd Marine Infantry Brigade, located in Cilandak, South Jakarta
      1. Brigade HQ
      2. 2nd Marine Infantry Battalion
      3. 4th Marine Infantry Battalion
      4. 6th Marine Infantry Battalion
    • 2nd Marine Artillery Regiment
      1. Regimental HQ
      2. 2nd Marine Air Defense Artillery Battalion
      3. 2nd Marine Howitzer Artillery Battalion
      4. 2nd Marine Multiple Rocket Launcher Battalion
    • 2nd Marine Cavalry Regiment
      1. Regimental HQ
      2. 2nd Marine Amphibious Landing Vehicle Battalion
      3. 2nd Marine Amphibious Tank Battalion
      4. 2nd Marine Artillery Carrier Amphibious Vehicle Battalion
    • 2nd Marine Combat Support Regiment
      1. Regiment HQ
      2. 2nd Marine Motorized Transport Battalion
      3. 2nd Marine Communication and Electronics Battalion
      4. 2nd Marine Supply and Equipments Battalion
      5. 2nd Marine Combat Engineers Battalion
      6. 2nd Marine Medical Battalion
      7. 2nd Marine Military Police Battalion
    • Marine Base Jakarta
      1. Headquarters and HQ Services
      2. Transport Detachment (Denang)
      3. Supply Detachment (Denbek)
      4. Maintenance Detachment (Denhar)
      5. Marine Band Jakarta (Densik)
      6. General Maintenance Detachment (Denpum)
      7. Public Relations Detachment (Denpum)
    • I Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • II Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • III Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • IV Marine Base Defense Battalion
    • XII Marine Base Defense Battalion
  • 3rd Marine Infantry Brigade located in Bandar Lampung, Lampung
    1. Brigade HQ
    2. 7th Marine Infantry Battalion
    3. 8th Marine Infantry Battalion
    4. 9th Marine Infantry Battalion
    5. 10th Marine Infantry Battalion
    6. Brigade Combat Support Battalion
  • 2nd Marine Taifib Battalion, Special Forces (2nd Marine Force)

Independent units:

  • Combat Scout team (Regu Pandu Tempur)
  • Indonesian Naval special forces: Denjaka, Taifib (Marines), and Kopaska
  • Marines Hospital, located in Cilandak, Jakarta
  • Marine Corps Training Command located in Grati, Pasuruan, East Java

Marine Bases

Surabaya Marine Base

The Surabaya Marine Base (LANMAR Surabaya) is the marine corps base located in Surabaya which has the main task of providing support and services in realizing the operational readiness of the marines of the eastern territory of Indonesia, performing service functions such as Maintenance of Main Equipment, Preparing Unit Supplies that will implement duties of Operations, Construction Services, Personnel Rehabilitation, Marine Potential Area Development and Marine Band Unit.[5]

Jakarta Marine Base

The Jakarta Marine Base (LANMAR Jakarta) is the marine corps base located in Jakarta which has the main task of providing support and services in realizing the operational readiness of the marines of the western territory of Indonesia, performing service functions such as Maintenance of Main Equipment, Preparing Unit Supplies that will implement duties of Operations, Construction Services, Personnel Rehabilitation, Marine Potential Area Development and Marine Band Unit.

Special Units

Taifib

Taifib member during training exercise

Batalion Intai Amfibi or Taifib is the Marine Corps' Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion, which also has capabilities as Para-Commandos. They were officially formed on 18 March 1961 as marine commandos. Set at battalion strength, "Taifib" is the elite amphibious reconnaissance unit of the Indonesian Marine Corps. It was first used in the Irian Jaya (Papua) during Operation Trikora in April 1962. Starting from November 1971 it was called "Batalyon Intai Amphibi" ("Yon Taifib") or Amphibious Recon Battalion. To become a Yontaifib troop, a candidate is selected from the Marine Corps who has already fulfilled the thorough mental and physical requirements, and who at least has actively served the corps for two years. The certification of amphibious reconnaissance is so difficult that the passing rate of these candidates in each class is only ten percent. Two such battalions are today in service within the 1st and 2nd Marine Forces.

Denjaka

Jala Mangkara Detachment personnel

Detasemen Jala Mangkara or Denjaka is the special operations and counter-terrorism forces of the Indonesian Navy. This is a combined detachment formed from selected personnel of the Navy's Underwater Special Frogmen Unit (Kopaska) and the Marine Corps' Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion (KIPAM aka. Taifib). The unit was formed in 1984 by the Chief of the Indonesian Armed Forces to counter maritime strategic threats including terrorism and sabotage. Despite the specific reason for its formation, as in the case of any other special operations forces around the world, the detachment is also fully trained in conducting reconnaissance, unconventional warfare, and clandestine behind-enemy-lines operations. Denjaka's primary task is to develop anti-terrorism, anti-sabotage and other clandestine operations capabilities in support of maritime counter-terrorism, counter-sabotage and other special operations as directed by the chief of the armed forces.

Marine Corps Training Command

The Marine Corps Training Command (Komando Latih Marinir) located in Grati, Pasuruan, East Java oversees the following:

  • Special Forces Training Center (Pusat Latihan Pasukan Khussus - Puslatsus)
  • Amphibious Forces Training Center (Pusat Latihan Pasukan Pendarat - Puslatpasrat) trains Marines in:
  1. Amphibious operations
  2. Shooting Coordination Exercise
  3. Personnel Embarkation and De-embarkation Exercise
  4. Materialistic courses
  • Marine Combat Training Centers (Pusat Pelatihan Tempur Marinir):
  • Amphibious Landings and Combat Readiness Training Center (Pusat Latihan Pendarat Amfibi & Kesiapan Tempur)

Insignia

List of Commandants

Indonesian Marine Corps Commandant, Major General Bambang Suswantono
List of Indonesian Marine Corps Commandants
Rank Name From Until Remarks
Rear Admiral Agoes Soebekti 1945 1950
Major General KKO R. Soehadi 1950 1961
Lieutenant General KKO Hartono 1961 1968
Lieutenant General KKO Moekijat 1968 1971
Major General H. Moh. Anwar 1971 1977
Lieutenant General TNI (Mar) Kahpi Suriadiredja July 1977 May 1983
Major General TNI (Mar) Muntaram May 1983 January 1987
Major General TNI (Mar) Aminullah Ibrahim January 1987 August 1990
Major General TNI (Mar) Baroto Sardadi August 1990 November 1992
Major General TNI (Mar) Gafur Chaliq December 1992 April 1994
Major General TNI (Mar) Djoko Pramono April 1994 February 1996
Lieutenant General TNI (Mar) Suharto February 1996 1999
Major GeneralTNI (Mar) Harry Triono 1999 20 November 2002
Major GeneralTNI (Mar) Achmad Rifai 20 November 2002 9 November 2004
Lieutenant General TNI (Mar) Safzen Noerdin 9 November 2004 6 June 2007
Lieutenant GeneralTNI (Mar) Nono Sampono 6 June 2007 18 October 2008
Major GeneralTNI (Mar) Djunaidi Djahri 18 October 2008 3 September 2009
Lieutenant GeneralTNI (Mar) Alfan Baharudin 3 September 2009 12 September 2012
Major GeneralTNI (Mar) A Faridz Washington 12 September 2012[6] 2015
Major GeneralTNI (Mar) Buyung Lalana 2015 2016
Lieutenant GeneralTNI (Mar) R.M. Trusono 2016 2017
Major General TNI (Mar) Bambang Suswantono 2017 Present Previously commanded the Presidential Security Force (Paspampres)

Heavy equipment

Land vehicles

Name Image Role Origin Versions Quantity Notes
Tanks
PT-76 Verkhnyaya Pyshma Tank Museum 2012 0181.jpg Medium tank  Soviet Union PT-76B 70[7] All re-gunned with Cockerill 90mm with assistance from private company and received improved fire control system and engine upgrade. Not all operational.
Armoured vehicle
AMX-10P AMX-10-IMG 1468.jpg Infantry fighting vehicle  France AMX-10P Marine (90mm, 20mm & 12.7mm variants) 54[8][9]
BTR-50 BTR-50-latrun-1-2.jpg Amphibious armoured personnel carrier  Soviet Union BTR-50PK 70[8] All upgraded with new engine, radio system and smoke grenade launchers on some vehicles.[10]
BMP-2 BMP-2 military parade rehearsal.jpg Infantry fighting vehicle  Slovakia BVP-2 40[11]
BMP-3 2008 Moscow May Parade Rehearsal - BMP-3.JPG Infantry fighting vehicle  Russia BMP-3F
BREM-L
54[8][9] 100 mm gun/launcher 2A70 (able to fire shells or the 9M117 Bastion ATGM), 30 mm autocannon 2A72.More BMP-3 planned to replace ageing armored vehicle.
LVT7 USMarines AAV Iraq apr 2004 116 hires.jpg Armoured personnel carrier  United States LVT-P7A1 15[12] All donated from South Korea.
K-61 Pływający Transporter Gąsienicowy PTG - K-61.jpg Amphibious vehicle  Soviet Union K-61 (PTS) Unknown [13]
PTS PTS-M VS4.JPG Amphibious vehicle  Soviet Union PTS-10 Unknown [14]
BTR-4 BTR-4E in Kyiv.jpg Armoured personnel carrier  Ukraine BTR-4M BAU Parus module
BTR-4M RCWS turret
5[15][16] [17]
BTR-80 2011 Moscow Victory Day Parade (360-06) (cropped).jpg Armoured personnel carrier  Russia BTR-80A 12[18] Currently deployed by Indobatt Contingent on UNIFIL mission in Lebanon.
Artillery
RM-70 T813 army2.JPG Multiple Rocket Launcher  Czechoslovakia
 Czech Republic
RM-70 Grad
RM-70 Vampir
17 9 RM-70 Grad acquired around 2003, 8 new RM-70 Vampir acquired in 2016[19][20]
Type 90B MLRS Type 90B Peru.jpg Multiple Rocket Launcher  China Type 90B 4 [21]
LG1 Royal Thai Army firing LG1 howitzer with extended range ammunition.jpg Howitzer  France LG1 Mark I 20

Light Weaponry

Pindad SS-1
FN Minimi

See also

Indonesian Naval Special Forces

References

  1. ^ http://www.marinir.mil.id Archived 29 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "INDONESIA: OPERATION "DJAJAWIDJAJA" OF THE NAVY". Reuters. 10 December 1963. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  3. ^ "TNI AL, Lemah di Laut tapi Ingin Berkuasa di Darat". KOMPASIANA. 18 February 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  4. ^ "NEWS STORY: Riwayat Marinir yang Pernah Dipisahkan dari TNI AL"
  5. ^ "Komando Pangkalan Marinir"
  6. ^ IDB (12 September 2012). "Sertijab Dankormar". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  7. ^ http://koarmatim.tnial.mil.id/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=2780:37-unit-tank-bmp-3f-rusia-kembali-perkuat-alutsista-tni-al&Itemid=191
  8. ^ a b c NurW. "DEFENSE STUDIES". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Russia to deliver 37 BMP-3F amphibious armoured infantry fighting vehicles to Indonesia". Army Recognition. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  10. ^ Bocquelet, David (22 November 2014). "BTR-50". Tanks Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  11. ^ "BMP-2 : Tank Amfibi "Sangar" & Battlle Proven". IndoMiliter. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  12. ^ "Korsel Hibahkan 10 Tank Amfibi Buatan AS untuk RI". Kompas. 14 November 2009. Archived from the original on 17 November 2009. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  13. ^ "K-61 : Si "Penyambung Lidah" Operasi Amfibi Korps Marinir". indomiliter.com. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "PTS-10 : Kendaraan Angkut Amfibi Terbesar Korps Marinir TNI AL". Indomiliter.com (in Indonesian). 15 May 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "SpetsTechnoExport of Ukraine awarded contract to supply 5 BTR-4 8x8 armoured to Indonesia". Armyrecognition.com. 24 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "Ukraine to supply 50 BTR-4 armoured personnel carriers to Naval Forces of Indonesia (TNI AL)". March 15, 2014. 
  17. ^ http://www.armyrecognition.com/january_2014_global_defense_security_news_industry/spetstechnoexport_of_ukraine_awarded_contract_to_supply_5_btr-4_8x8_armoured_to_indonesia_2401143.html
  18. ^ "BTR-80A : Monster Amfibi Korps Marinir". IndoMiliter. Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  19. ^ "KORPS MARINIR ADAKAN PELATIHAN RM MULTI LAUNCH ROCKET SYSTEM KAL.122 MM VAMPIRE". www.marinir.tnial.mil.id. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  20. ^ "RM70 Vampir: MLRS Terbaru Artileri Marinir TNI AL, Andalkan Platform Heavy Truck Tatra T815-7". Indomiliter.com (in Indonesian). 11 June 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  21. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/66543/indonesia-takes-delivery-of-122-mm-rocket-systems-from-china

External links

  • Indonesian Marine Corps official website
  • Indonesian Marine Corps parade
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