Indonesian Aerospace N-219

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N-219
N219 testflight.jpg
Role utility aircraft
National origin Indonesia
Manufacturer Indonesian Aerospace
First flight 16 August 2017
Status Test flight
Produced 2017-present
Number built 2 prototypes (October 2018)
Program cost Rp 800 billion.[1]
Unit cost
$5.8-6 million[2]
Developed from IPTN NC-212

The Indonesian Aerospace N-219 is a utility aircraft designed by Indonesian Aerospace.

Development

In 2003, after the IPTN N-250 program halt, Indonesian Aerospace (IAe) wanted to develop a 19-seat aircraft to offset the IPTN NC-212 end of production.[3] In early 2004, IAe was discussing with Malaysian aerospace companies and was estimating the N219 development at $60-80 million to fly a prototype in April 2006 and certify it in August 2007.[4]

In 2006, the $65m funding for the 19 seat N-219 development was proposed under the Qatar-Indonesia Joint Investment Fund, funded by Qatar for 70% and by Indonesia for 30%, for a prototype within two years.[5] In June 2011, its price was forecast to be US$4 million each and it was expected to fly in 2014.[6] The Industry Minister requested Rp59 billion to build the prototype.[7][8] In January 2012, the predicted development budget was about $30 million for 15 aircraft.[9] In August 2013, Lion Air was to sign a memorandum of understanding for 100 $4.5-5 million N219s..[10] The total market for the N-219 was forecast as 97 civil and 57 military aircraft.

In August 2014, the forecast price rose to $5 million.[11] The first metal was cut in September 2014, before a planned roll-out in August 2015 and certification in 2016, before EASA certification with Airbus support for export.[12] First deliveries were scheduled for 2017.

On 13 April 2015, three memoranda of understanding were signed: with Nusantara Buana Air for 20 aircraft and ten options, with Aviastar Mandiri for 20 aircraft and ten options and with Trigana Air Service for ten aircraft and five options.[13] The roll-out was then scheduled in November 2015.[14] It was then waiting for the President Jokowi.[15]

In August 2016, Airbus was to help for certification.[16] The prototype was then entering testing after the November 2015 public introduction.[17] The first prototype construction was planned to be completed in mid-2016 for a maiden flight at the end of 2016, but this first flight was delayed to March 2017 for certification in the same year and production start in 2018.[18] In February, it was delayed again to April.[19]

After a series of high-speed taxiing runs on 11 August 2017 at Husein Sastranegara International Airport in Bandung, it took off from there on 16 August 2017 shortly after 9 am before returning at its origin after 26 minutes.[20] It is the eve of the 72nd anniversary of the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence.

Indonesia has signed deals with China and Mexico to export N-219 to those countries.[21] Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand and Myanmar are also interested in the aircraft. Turkish Aerospace Industries could produce the N219 to market it in Africa. At least Rp 200 billion is needed to complete 200 hours of flight tests for certification from the Indonesian Transport Ministry before it can be sold.[1]

By October 2018, domestic airline Avistar signed a memorandum of understanding for 20 more while the N219 had 120 orders and was due to be certified in April or May 2019. Other customers include Lion Air, Trigana Air Service, Nusantara Buana Air, Pelita Air, Air Born and the government of Thailand. Production could begin with six aircraft in 2019, increasing to 16 in 2020 towards 36 per year in a new $90-100 million facility raised through equity participation, private-public partnerships, manufacturing subsidiaries, and joint ventures.[2]

Design

The N-219 is twin-engine, 19-seater transport aircraft designed for multi-purpose missions in remote areas.[22] It is intended to operate in and out of remote, semi-prepared airstrips; suitable to conditions in Indonesia's archipelago.[23]

It was developed from the CASA C-212 Aviocar and, like that design, is also of all metal construction. It is claimed that it will have the largest cabin volume in its class (6.50 x 1.82 x 1.70m).[12] A flexible door system to allow a multi-purpose missions for transporting passengers and cargo. The aircraft is designed to comply with FAR 23 (commuter category aircraft).

Priced at $5.8-6 million, slightly lower than the Viking DHC-6 Twin Otter, the 190 kn (350 km/h) cruise aircraft is intended for cargo and passenger transport, troop transport, military surveillance, search and rescue, and medevac operations, with a possible amphibian version later. Materials are domestically produced for 60% and local suppliers produce landing gear parts, rubber components and tooling.[2]

Specifications

Data from Manufacturer[24]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 19 passengers
  • Length: 16.49 m (54 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 19.5 m (64 ft 0 in)
  • Height: 6.18 m (20 ft 3 in)
  • Empty weight: 4,309 kg (9,500 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 7,030 kg (15,498 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-42 turboprop engines, 630 kW (850 shp) each
  • Propellers: 4-bladed Hartzell Propeller

Performance

  • Cruise speed: 352 km/h; 219 mph (190 kn) [2]
  • Stall speed: 109 km/h; 68 mph (59 kn)
  • Range: 1,556 km; 967 mi (840 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 3,000 m (10,000 ft) operating altitude, max altitude 24,000 feet (7,315 m)
  • Rate of climb: 9.85 m/s (1,938 ft/min)

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References

  1. ^ a b Fikri, Ahmad (6 September 2017). "Turki Tertarik Kerja Sama Pasarkan N219 Ke Afrika". Tempo (in Indonesian).
  2. ^ a b c d Jennifer Meszaros (October 29, 2018). "N219 Orders Mount as It Moves toward Spring Certification". AIN online.
  3. ^ "IAe reveals five-year survival plan". Flight International. 28 Oct 2003.
  4. ^ "Asians discuss 19-seat turboprop". Flight International. 20 Jan 2004.
  5. ^ "IAe to bid for finance from Qatar-Indonesia Fund". The Peninsula. 18 June 2006.
  6. ^ Irawan, Ade (23 June 2011). "Pesawat Baru N-219 Garapan PT DI Dibandrol US$ 4 Juta". detik.com finance (in Indonesian).
  7. ^ Rukmi Hapsari and Adi Teguh (9 June 2011). "Government Establishes N-219 Development Fund". Indonesia Finance Today.
  8. ^ "PT DI Siap Ciptakan Pesawat N-219, 'Burung Besi' Asli RI" (in Indonesian). detik.com finance. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  9. ^ "PT DI Kembangkan Pesawat N-219". Media Indonesia (in Indonesian). 12 January 2012.
  10. ^ "PT Dirgantara Indonesia Bandrol Pesawat N219 Seharga US$ 5 Juta". Indo-Aviation.com. 17 August 2018.
  11. ^ "N-219 Aircraft to be 70th Anniversary Gift for Indonesia". jatim.antaranews.com. August 23, 2014.
  12. ^ a b Donald, David (6 November 2014). "Utility transport approaches rollout". IHS Jane's 360.
  13. ^ "Dirgantara Indonesia Receives Order for N219 Aircraft". April 15, 2015.
  14. ^ "Kamis Besok Pesawat N219 Roll Out". Jakarta Greater. 11 November 2015.
  15. ^ Baban Gandapurnama (12 November 2015). "Berwarna Putih, Ini Penampakan Pesawat N219". detik.com finance (in Indonesian).
  16. ^ "Airbus akan Bantu PTDI Sertifikasi Pesawat N219". detik.com finance (in Indonesian). 5 Aug 2016.
  17. ^ "Pesawat N219 Made in Bandung Saat Ini Masuk Fase Pengujian". detik.com finance (in Indonesian). 21 Aug 2016.
  18. ^ "Terbang Perdana Pesawat N219 Tertunda". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). 23 January 2017.
  19. ^ indopos.co.id (3 February 2017). "Pesawat N219 Siap-Siap Uji Terbang April".
  20. ^ Ridzwan Rahmat (16 August 2017). "Indonesia's Dirgantara N219 completes maiden flight". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly.
  21. ^ "Indonesia to Export Locally Produced N219 Plane to China, Mexico". Jakarta Globe. 7 November 2017.
  22. ^ Airframer (January 2011). "Indonesian Aerospace N-219". Retrieved 1 January 2011.
  23. ^ Marguerite Afra Sapiie. "N-219: Propelling Indonesia's aerospace industry". The Jakarta Post.
  24. ^ "N219 Nurtanio". Indonesian Aerospace.

External links

  • Official website
  • Bayu Galih (31 January 2015). "Research and Technology Minister: Thailand Already ordered N219 Made in Indonesia". Kompas. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
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