Indian economic census

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Indian economic census is the census of the Indian economy through counting all entrepreneurial units in the country which involved in any economic activities of either agricultural or non-agricultural sector which engaged in production and/or distribution of goods and/or services not for the sole purpose of own consumption.[1]

The economic census provides detailed information on operational and other characteristics such as number of establishments, number of persons employed, source of finance, type of ownership etc. These information used for micro level/ decentralized planning and to assess contribution of various sectors of the economy in the gross domestic product (GDP).[2]

Economic census

In 1976, Government of India launched a plan scheme called Economic Census and Surveys. In 1977 Central Statistical Organisation conducted First economic census in collaboration with the Directorate of Economics & Statistics (DES) in the States/Union Territories. The economic censuses of 1980 and 1990 were integrated with the house-listing operations of the population census. However, the data collected by the census organization were handed over to the state Directorates of economics and Statistics for processing and publication. All other economic censuses were conducted by the Directorates of Economics and Statistics of the states under the overall guidance of the Central Statistical Office.

Economic Census Year
First Economic Census 1977
Second Economic Census 1980
Third Economic Census 1990
Fourth Economic Census 1998
Fifth Economic Census 2005
Sixth Economic Census 2013


  1. ^ "Directorate of Economics & Statistics". 2005-06-15. Archived from the original on 2013-06-07. Retrieved 2013-06-22.
  2. ^ "Press Information Bureau English Releases". Retrieved 2013-06-22.

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