Indian Union Muslim League

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Indian Union Muslim League (IUML)
Abbreviation IUML
Leader K. M. Kader Mohideen
Secretary-General P. K. Kunhalikutty
Rajya Sabha leader P.V.Abdul Wahab
Founded 10 March 1948 (69 years ago) (1948-03-10)
Preceded by All-India Muslim League
Headquarters Maraikayar Lebbai Street, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Newspaper Times of League, Chandrika (newspaper), Manichudar
Student wing Muslim Students Federation
Youth wing Muslim Youth League
Women's wing Indian Union Women's League
Labour wing STU (Independent Trade Union)
Ideology To Preserve and Promote with due distinction and honor of religious minorities and back ward communities of India, Enriching national life strengthening it's secular and democratic foundation.[1]
Indian Muslim nationalism,
Muslim democracy
Political position Centre-right
ECI Status State Party[2]
Alliance United Democratic Front
Seats in Lok Sabha
2 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Election symbol
IUML Election Symbol
Website
iuml.com

The Indian Union Muslim League (IUML) (commonly referred to as the League) is a political party in India. It is recognized by the Election Commission of India as a State Party in Kerala.

IUML has a MLA in Tamil Nadu also. And it has a strong organisational structure in Tamil Nadu.

History

The Indian Union Muslim League was formed in Madras on 10 March 1948. It had presence in the Parliament right from 1952 to present day. In Kerala, it has led the cabinet once under the late C. H. Mohammed Koya, who became the Chief Minister of Kerala in 1979. In alliance with Indian National Congress and other parties, Muslim League has been an active member of the United Democratic Front. In Kerala, under the leadership of Syed Abdurahiman Bafakhy Thangal, K. M. Seethi Sahib; Panakkad P. M. S. A. Pookoya Thangal and Syed Mohammed Ali Shihab Thangal, it grew to be a major political player. The party has had cabinet positions at various times in coalition governments in Kerala, holding portfolios like Education, Home, Industries, Public works, Local administration, Social welfare, Fisheries etc.

During the beginning of seventies, IUML had Ministers in West Bengal leading a contingent of seven MLAs in the state assembly. Late A. K. A. Hassanussaman was the league representative during the ministry of Ajoy Mukherjee. Apart from Kerala and West Bengal, IUML had MLAs in Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Maharashtra, Karnataka, UP, and Assam and there were members in Delhi Metropolitan Council and Mayors in various Municipal Corporations in India.

As a constituent of United Progressive Alliance, IUML assisted UPA to muster the support of the minorities and other backward communities and has held representation in UPA Government since 2004. E. Ahamed, who became the president of IUML following the demise of G. M. Banatwala, was the Minister of State for External Affairs during 2004-2009. From April 2009 to January 2011, he was Minister of State for Railways. He assumed charge again as Minister of State of External Affairs on January 24, 2011. Ahamed also held the additional charge of the Ministry of Human Resource Development from July 2011 to October 2012. The party participated in the ouster of the first Communist Party of India (CPI) government in Kerala in 1959. In 1960, the party took part in the formation of a coalition government in the state, consisting of the Indian National Congress, Praja Socialist Party and IUML. The government was short lived. In the elections in Kerala in 1967, the party entered a united front coalition led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)). The other members of the front were Communist Party of India, Revolutionary Socialist Party, Karshaka Thozhilali Party (Peasants and Workers Party), Kerala Socialist Party and Samyukta Socialist Party. Muslim League had two ministers in the state government of that front. In 1969 the party left the CPI(M)-led government and participated in the formation of a new government, led by Communist Party of India leader Achutha Menon as Chief Minister, together with CPI, RSP, KSP and Kerala Congress.

After the 1970 elections, Achutha Menon became elected Chief Minister for the second time. Members of the governing coalition were Indian National Congress, IUML, RSP and PSP. The Menon government lasted until the downfall of the Indira Gandhi regime in 1977 (no state elections were held in this period). In the chaos that followed, the IUML leader C. H. Mohammed Koya held the post of Chief Minister from 12 October 1979 to 1 December 1979.

Disintegration ahead of the 1980 elections

While the two political fronts, United Democratic Front and Left Democratic Front took shape ahead of the 1980 elections, two different sections of IUML landed up in opposite camps. A break-away faction, the All India Muslim League joined LDF and the Indian Union Muslim League joined UDF. The two groups reunited in 1985 under the name IUML and as member of UDF.

In 1987 IUML left UDF for a period only to reunite later.

Organizational structure

Muslim League is among the few Muslim organizations that maintains consistent presence in the Indian Parliament.

The youth wing of IUML is called Muslim Youth League and their students' wing is called Muslim Students Federation. The party has a women's political wing too – it is called Muslim Women's League. In Kerala, the party has a separate trade union organization, Swatantra Thozhilali Union (S. T. U., Independent Workers Union), and a peasants' union, Swathanthra Karshaka Sangam (Independent Peasants Union), Lawyers Forum for Advocates and KMCC for expatriates of IUML supporters.

In Kerala, the party has 5 ministers in the recent UDF government. Prof. K. M. Khader Mohideen is the National President of the party.[1] Apart from Kerala, the party also has some influence in Tamil Nadu. In Tamil Nadu, the party is a member of Democratic Progressive Alliance. In the Lok Sabha elections of 2004, the party won two Parliamentary seats, E. Ahamed from Kerala and K. M. Kader Mohideen from Tamil Nadu (elected as a Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam candidate from Vellore). In 2009 elections, Mr. E. Ahamed( Malappuram) Mr E. T. Muhammad Basheer (Ponnani) and M. Abdur Rahman (Vellore, Tamil Nadu) won seats and Mr E. Ahamed became the Minister of State for External affairs.

After the death of Panakkad Sayeed Mohammedali Shihab Thangal on 1 August 2009, his brother Panakkad Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal was appointed as the President of the Kerala State Committee of the party.[3]

Office bearers

The present IUML office bearers:[4]

IUML in Kerala

IUML has traditionally performed well in Kerala state elections.[4]

Kerala Assembly

Year Seats Won Seat change
1982 14 -
1987 15 Increase1
1991 19 Increase4
1996 13 Decrease6
2001 17 Increase4
2006 8 Decrease9
2011 20 Increase12
2016 18 Decrease2

Following are the Last Ministers from IUML in Kerala

  1. PK Kunhalikutty (Industry, IT, Wakf, Hajj)

Party in Lok Sabha

  1. P.K Kunhalikutty- Member of parliament
  2. ET Muhammed Basheer- Member of parliament

Party in Rajya Sabha

  1. PV Abdul Wahab- Member of parliament

Other positions

  1. E. T. Muhammed Basheer MP – Member of Central Waqaf board & Member of parliamentary committee for social justice

IUML has three representatives in the Rajya Sabha from Kerala State.

  1. BV Abdulla Koya: He was one of the most reputed leaders in IUML and a member of Rajya Sabha for more than 30 years.
  2. P. V. Abdul Wahab
  3. M. P. Abdussamad Samadani.

IUML in Tamil Nadu

IUML Tamil Nadu state President is Prof. K. M. Kader Mohideen. He was a Member of Parliament representing Vellore constituency and is the National President. The State General Secretary is K. A. M. Mohammed Abubacker, MLA (Kadayanallur constituency, Tamil Nadu). State teasurer M.S.A.Shajahan .M. Abdul Rehman was an MP in the Lok Sabha. A. K. Thashreef Jahan is the newly appointed convener for the women's league in Tamil Nadu. The party has Advocate V. Jeevagiridharan, a non-Muslim, as its State Secretary, proving its secular credentials.

In the fourth Lok Sabha, S. M. Muhammed Sheriff was the MP from Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu. Fondly known as "Madurai Sheriff Sahib", he was the first elected Muslim League MP from the state of Tamil Nadu in independent India. In the fifth Lok Sabha, he was again elected from Periyakulam, Tamil Nadu.

IUML had Rajya Sabha MPs from Tamil Nadu in the past:

  1. Ismail Sahib (1952–58)
  2. A. K. A Samad (1964–70,1970–76)
  3. Khaja Mohideen (1968–74,1974–80)
  4. A. K. Refaye (1972–78)

Member of Legislative Assembly Tamil Nadu

  1. K.A.M. Muhammed Abubacker

Muslim Youth League

Muslim Youth League is the youth front of Muslim league, commonly referred as merely Youth league. It deals with issues related to the youth of India. Youth league is one of the influential constituents of IUML. The President of Kerala State Youth League is Mr.Sayyid Munavvar Ali Shihab Thangal(completed PG at AL AZHAR UNIVERSITY CAIRO, EGYPT ), Senior Vice President is Mr. Najeeb Kanthapuram (a young journalist who started journalism career in chandrika) and General secretary is PK Firoz

Muslim Student Federation

Muslim Students Federation (msf) is the students front of Indian Union Muslim League. It has been working for more than fifty years organizing the Muslim Students on the lines of democratic, secular and progressive ideals. MSF attempts to mould the students in the Islamic way of life and imbibing them with the leadership qualities and skills to face the challenges of changing times. MSF upholds the vision of late Qaide Millath Muhammad Ismail Sahib, who masterminded the political movement of the minorities of India for their honorable existence. MSF prepares the students to carry on the mission of encouraging a vibrant community to participate in the nation-building activities.. The National President of Muslim Students Federation-msf T.P.Ashrafali, and the National General Secretary S.H.Muhammed Arshad

Kerala Muslim Cultural Centre(KMCC)

The Kerala Muslim Cultural Centre (KMCC) is a global organisation of Muslims from the Indian state of Kerala. It was formed in 1968 by Indian expatriates who support the Indian Union Muslim League.

Members of Parliament from the other States

In the fifth Lok Sabha, Chowdhury Abu Taleb was elected from Murshidabad, West Bengal. In Seventh and Ninth Lok Sabha, A. K. A. Abdul Samad was elected as Member of Parliament from Vellore.

References

  1. ^ https://issuu.com/asrafthangal/docs/constitution--indian-union-muslim-league
  2. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Hyderali Shihab Thangal, chief of IUML in Kerala". The Hindu. 15 August 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  4. ^ a b "Indian Union Muslim League Kerala State Committee (IMUL) – Party History, Symbol, Founders, Election Results and News". 

External links

Media related to Indian Union Muslim League at Wikimedia Commons

  • Article on Keralas Political landscape
  • Official Website
  • Official Website
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