Ilyas Shahi dynasty

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The Ilyas Shahi dynasty also called the Ilyas dynasty was the first independent Turkic[1][2][3] Muslim ruling dynasty in late medieval Bengal, which ruled from the 14th century to the 15th century. It was founded in 1342 by Shamsuddin Iliyas Shah.

After Shamsuddin's death, his son Sikandar Shah ascended the throne. Sikandar would rule for the next 30 years and built the Adina Masjid in Pandua in 1368 and Kotowali Darwaza in Gauḍa. Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah, son of Sikandar Shah succeeded the throne and established friendly relationships with the Ming Empire of China and encouraged trade. During his reign, Ma Huan, a Chinese traveller visited Bengal.

Raja Ganesha

In 1415, political confusion and weakness of the Ilyas Shahi dynasty led to it being overthrown by Raja Ganesha.[4] After his death, his son Jadu assumed the title of Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Shah. He was succeeded by his son, Shams-ud-Din Ahmad Shah. He was killed by his nobles in 1436.

Second Ilyas Shahi Dynasty

After the death of Shams-ud Din Ahmad, the rule of the Ilyas Shahi dynasty was restored by Mahmud Shah, a descendant of Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah, who ascended the throne in 1437 as Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah I. In 1487, the last ruler of this dynasty Jalal-ud-Din Fath Shah was killed by his Habshi commander of the palace guards, Sultan Shahzada, who ascended the throne under the title, Barbak Shah. Thus the Ilyas Shahi dynasty's rule over Bengal ended.[5]

List of rulers

Titular Name(s) Personal Name Reign
Sultan Shams-ud-Din
شمس الدين سلطان
Bengali: সুলতান শামসউদ্দীন
Ilyas Shah
إلياس شاه
Bengali: ইলিয়াস শাহ
1342–1358
Sultan
سلطان
Bengali: সুলতান
Sikandar Shah
سكندر شاه
Bengali: সিকান্দার শাহ
1358–1390
Sultan Ghiyas-ud-Din
سلطان غياث الدين
Bengali: সুলতান গিয়াসউদ্দীন
Azam Shah
أعظم شاه
Bengali: আজম শাহ
1390–1411
Sultan Sayf-ud-Din
سلطان سيف الدين
Bengali: সুলতান সাইফউদ্দীন
Hamza Shah
حمزة شاه
Bengali: হামজা শাহ
1411–1413
Sultan
سلطان
Bengali: সুলতান
Muhammad Shah
محمد شاه
Bengali: মোহাম্মদ শাহ
1413
Sultan Shihab-ud-Din
سلطان شهاب الدين
Bengali: সুলতান শিহাবউদ্দীন
Bayazid Shah
بايزيد شاه
Bengali: বায়জীদ শাহ
1413–1414
Sultan Ala-ud-Din
سلطان علاء الدين
Bengali: সুলতান আলাউদ্দীন
Firuz Shah
فيروز شاه
Bengali: ফিরোজ শাহ
1414–1415
Sultan Nasir-ud-Din Abul-Muzaffar
سلطان ناصر الدین أبو المظفر
Bengali: সুলতান নাসিরউদ্দীন আবুল মোজাফ্ফর
Mahmud Shah
محمود شاه
Bengali: প্মাহমুদ শাহ
1435–1459
Sultan Rukun-ud-Din
سلطان ركن الدين
Bengali: সুলতান রোকনউদ্দীন
Barbak Shah
بربك شاه
Bengali: বার্বাক শাহ
1459–1474
Sultan Shams-ud-Din Abul-Muzaffar
سلطان شمس الدین أبو المظفر
Bengali: সুলতান শামসউদ্দীন আবুল মোজাফ্ফর
Khalifatu-llah bil-Huzzat wal-Burhan
خليفة الله بالحوزة والبرهان
Sultan-us-Salatin
سلطان السلاطين
Zi Allah fil-Alamin
ذي الله في العامين
Yusuf Shah
يوسف شاه
Bengali: ইউসুফ শাহ
1474–1481
Sultan Sikandar Shah II
Bengali: দ্বিতীয় সিকান্দার শাহ
1481
Sultan Jalal-ud-Din
سلطان جلال الدين
Bengali: সুলতান জালালউদ্দীন
Fateh Shah
فتح شاه
Bengali: ফাতেহ শাহ
1481–1487
Habshi rule takes over Sultanate of Bengal under Shahzada Barbak in 1487 C.E.
Preceded by
Delhi Sultanate
Sultanate of Bengal
1342–1415
Succeeded by
House of Raja Ganesha
Preceded by
House of Raja Ganesha
Sultanate of Bengal
1437–1487
Succeeded by
Habshi rule[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ André Wink (2003). Indo-Islamic society: 14th – 15th centuries. p. 139.
  2. ^ Siegbert Uhlig (2003). Encyclopaedia Aethiopica: D-Ha. p. 151.
  3. ^ Ainslie Thomas Embree, Asia Society (1988). Encyclopedia of Asian history, Volym 1. p. 149.
  4. ^ Ali, Mohammad Mohar (1988). History of the Muslims of Bengal, Vol 1 (PDF) (2 ed.). Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. pp. 683, 404. ISBN 9840690248. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  5. ^ Majumdar, R.C. (ed.) (2006). The Delhi Sultanate, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, pp.205–14
  6. ^ Majumdar, R.C. (ed.) (2006). The Delhi Sultanate, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, pp.827–8

External links


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