Ilfracombe, Queensland

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Ilfracombe
Queensland
Ilfracombe QLD.JPG
Town entry signs.
Ilfracombe is located in Queensland
Ilfracombe
Ilfracombe
Coordinates 23°30′S 144°30′E / 23.500°S 144.500°E / -23.500; 144.500Coordinates: 23°30′S 144°30′E / 23.500°S 144.500°E / -23.500; 144.500
Population 348 (2011 census)[1]
Established 1891
Postcode(s) 4727
Elevation 214 m (702 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Longreach Region
State electorate(s) Gr egory
Federal Division(s) Maranoa
Localities around Ilfracombe:
Camoola Sardine Isis
Longreach Ilfracombe Tara Station
Barcaldine Downs
Ernestina
Tocal
Isisford Moombria
Blackall

Ilfracombe /ˈɪlfrəkm/ is a small town and locality in the Longreach Region in Central West Queensland, Australia.[2][3] Ilfracombe calls itself The Hub of the West. The main industry is sheep rearing, mainly for wool. Ilfracombe is situated on the Landsborough Highway, about 27 kilometres (17 mi) east of Longreach, 214 metres above sea level.[4] In the 2011 census, Ilfracombe had a population of 348 people.[1]

History

Sheep stations were established in the area from 1864.[5] The townsites of Ilfracombe and Longreach were amongst resumed portions of Wellshot Station.[6] In 1892, Wellshot was known as the biggest sheep station in the world, not because of the area it occupied but because of the number of sheep it ran; 460,000. So important was the property that Ilfracombe was known as Wellshot until 1890.[7] 40,000 two-year-old wethers were sold off from the property later the same year.[8]

The Central Western railway line reached Ilfracombe in 1891[9] and the Post Office opened on 7 December 1891.[10]

The town was named after the coastal town of Ilfracombe in North Devon, England.[11]

At the 2006 census, Ilfracombe and the surrounding region had a population of 269.[12] The town itself has a population of 190.[13]

The town was much larger in the past. It once had three hotels instead of the single hotel now and two general stores.[4]

Heritage listings

Langenbaker House, 2003

Ilfracombe has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Amenities

Farming equipment along the Landsborough Highway, 2011

Ilfracombe is home to a collection of antique agricultural machinery at the Ilfracombe Machinery and Heritage Museum. Other attractions and facilities in the town include a public library, swimming pool, a 14-hole golf course, racecourse and caravan park.[4] The Longreach Regional Council operates a public library at 20 Main Avenue.[16] The library offers publicly accessible Wi-Fi.[17]

Education

The Ilfacrombe State School opened on 3 May 1893[18]. It is situated 27km east of Longreach and 673km west of Rockhampton on the Landsborough Highway, Queensland[19]. It is a co-educational school, from Prep to Year 6 and is organised into multi-age Units.[19]

Notable people

Notable people from the area include:

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Ilfracombe (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  2. ^ "Ilfracombe - town (entry 16618)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Ilfracombe - locality (entry 47050)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "Ilfracombe". Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Langenbaker House (entry 601088)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Wellshot Station". The Capricornian. Rockhampton, Queensland: National Library of Australia. 24 September 1898. p. 20. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
  7. ^ "Ilfracombe". Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  8. ^ "Commercial". The Morning Bulletin. Rockhampton, Queensland: National Library of Australia. 29 December 1892. p. 4. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Longreach Regional Council". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  10. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Ilfracombe". Queensland Holidays. Tourism Queensland. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  12. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Ilfracombe (Ilfracombe Shire) (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 April 2008.
  13. ^ "Ilfracombe". Longreach Regional Council. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  14. ^ "Beaconsfield Station Sheep Wash (former) (entry 600547)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Langenbaker House (entry 601088)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  16. ^ "Ilfracombe Library". Public Libraries Connect. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Queensland Public Library Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  18. ^ "Education Queensland". Education Queensland. August 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  19. ^ a b "2016 Ilfacrombe Annual Report" (PDF). Ilfracombe State School. December 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  20. ^ Schubert, Misha (14 April 2008). "A woman takes the keys to Yarralumla". Melbourne: The Age. Retrieved 14 April 2008.
  21. ^ Ross, Deborah (2 March 1998). "Interview: Paul Wilson - The storm before Mr Calm". The Independent. London.

External links

  • Ilfracombe Shire at Queensland Places


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