Ichhapur Defence Estate

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Ichhapur Defence Estate
Census Town
Ichhapur Defence Estate is located in West Bengal
Ichhapur Defence Estate
Ichhapur Defence Estate
Location in West Bengal, India
Ichhapur Defence Estate is located in India
Ichhapur Defence Estate
Ichhapur Defence Estate
Ichhapur Defence Estate (India)
Coordinates: 22°49′N 88°22′E / 22.81°N 88.37°E / 22.81; 88.37Coordinates: 22°49′N 88°22′E / 22.81°N 88.37°E / 22.81; 88.37
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Area
 • Total 2.31 km2 (0.89 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,219
 • Density 2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 743144
Telephone/STD code +91 33
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Lok Sabha constituency Barrackpore
Vidhan Sabha constituency Noapara
Website north24parganas.nic.in

Ichhapur Defence Estate is a census town in Barrackpore I CD Block in Barrackpore subdivision[1] in North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration.

Geography

Cities and towns in the northern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood, OG: outgrowth
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Ichhapur is located at 22°49′N 88°22′E / 22.81°N 88.37°E / 22.81; 88.37. It has an average elevation of 12 m (39 ft).[2]

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside; all places marked on the map are linked in the full-screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[3]

For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

Police station

Naihati police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over Naihati municipal area and Barrackpore I CD Block, including Barrackpur Cantonment Board.[4][5]

Demographics

Population

As per 2011 Census of India Ichhapur Defence Estate had a total population of 5,219, of which 2,700 (52%) were males and 2,519 (48%) were females. Population below 6 years was 486. The total number of literates in Ichhapur Defence Estate was 4,125 (87.15 % of the population over 6 years).[6]

As of 2001 India census,[7] Ichhapur Defence Estate had a population of 10,348. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Ichhapur Defence Estate has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 87%, and female literacy is 75%. In Ichhapur Defence Estate, 7% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[8]

Infrastructure

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Ichhapur Defence Estate covered an area of 2.31 km2. Amongst the medical facilities It had were 1 charitable hospital/ nursing home and 4 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities it had were 4 primary schools, 7 middle schools and 6 secondary schools.[9]

Economy

Ordnance factories

Rifle Factory, Ishapore
When the East India Company wanted to establish a gunpowder factory, they selected the location at Ichapore (or Ishapore, as it was known in those days), where the Dutch Ostend Company had operated a gunpowder factory from 1712 to 1744. The new gunpowder factory was operational from 1791 to 1902. In the early years of the 20th century, the same site was used for the location of a rifle factory and the Rifle Factory Ishapore (also known as Ishapore Arsenal) was established in 1904. It was likened to the Enfield, where the Royal Small Arms Factory produced the Lee–Enfield rifles, the main firearm used by the armed forces of the British Empire, and was called the ‘Enfield of India’. Rifle Factory Ishapore has produced "blend of small arms from the kookriees, swords, bayonets, revolvers, pistols, carbines, muskets, bazooka launcher rockets to 7.62 SLR Ishapore Rifles, 9mm Auto Pistols and 5.56 INSAS."[10]The INSAS assault rifle has been the standard infantry weapon of the Indian Armed Forces.[11][12][13]However, INSAS rifles are set to be replaced by an imported rifle, to be produced in the country later.[14]

Metal and Steel Factory, Ishapore
Metal and Steel Factory is the main producer of basic ferrous and non-ferrous inputs for military hardware. It has state-of-the art facilities for special steel making. The facilities were a part of the Gun and Shell Factory at Cossipore from 1862. The facilities were relocated at Ishapore in 1905 but continued to function as a part of the Gun and Shell Factory. In 1920, it became an independent unit under Ordnance Factories Board.[15]

Transport

Ichapur Defence Estate is on State Highway 1 (locally known as Ghoshpara Road). Ichhapur railway station is located nearby.[16]

Healthcare

North 24 Parganas district has been identified as one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[17]

References

  1. ^ District-wise list of statutory towns Archived 2009-04-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Ichhapur, India Page". West Bengal. Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  5. ^ "Barrackpore Police Commissionerate". List of Police Stations with telephone numbers. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  6. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 19 June 2018. 
  10. ^ "Rifle Factory Ishapore". RFI. Retrieved 14 July 2018. 
  11. ^ "INSAS-weary army shops for new infantry arms". The New Indian Express. 16 December 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  12. ^ Charles Q. Cutshaw (28 February 2011). Tactical Small Arms of the 21st Century: A Complete Guide to Small Arms From Around the World. Gun Digest Books. p. 207. ISBN 1-4402-2482-X. 
  13. ^ "Manufacturing of Small Weapons". Press Information Bureau. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "INSAS rifles to retire; to be replaced by imported weapons". The Economic Times. 5 March 2017. Retrieved 16 April 2017. 
  15. ^ "Metal and Steel Factory". Ordnance Factories Board. Retrieved 14 July 2018. 
  16. ^ Google maps
  17. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (19 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Retrieved 2007-08-24. 
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