Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier

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"Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier"
Christmas hymn
Ich steh an deiner krippen hier.svg
Bach's BWV 469 melody (transposed)
English I stand by your manger here
Text by Paul Gerhardt
Language German
Melody Zahn 4429a and 4659–4666
Published 1653
First publication of the hymn text in the fifth edition of Praxis Pietatis Melica

"Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier" (I stand by your manger here) is a popular[citation needed] German Christmas hymn, with lyrics by Paul Gerhardt which were first published in 1653. It was then sung with an older melody by Martin Luther, but a melody which was likely[1] created by Johann Sebastian Bach for Georg Christian Schemelli (de)'s Musicalisches Gesang-Buch of 1736 became more popular,[citation needed] and is now part of current[when?] Protestant and Catholic hymnals.

History

The Lutheran theologian and minister Paul Gerhardt wrote the text of 15 stanzas. It was first published in the fifth edition of Johann Crüger's hymnal Praxis Pietatis Melica in 1653.[2] It was first a song of individual reflection and devotion, which became part of congregational singing only later, such as in 1709 in the hymnal Geistliche und Liebliche Lieder by Johann Porst.[2]

The current[when?] Protestant hymnal Evangelisches Gesangbuch (EG) has the song as EG 37, with nine stanzas (1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 11, 13 and 14). The current[when?] Catholic hymnal Gotteslob (GL) has it as GL 256 in four stanzas (1, 3, 4 and 5). It is part of several other hymnals and song books.[3]

Text

The text of the original stanzas 1, 3, 4 and 5 is given, as in the Protestant and Catholic hymnals:

Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier,
o Jesu, du mein Leben;
ich komme, bring und schenke dir,
was du mir hast gegeben.
Nimm hin, es ist mein Geist und Sinn,
Herz, Seel und Mut, nimm alles hin
und laß dir's wohlgefallen.

Da ich noch nicht geboren war,
da bist du mir geboren
und hast mich dir zu eigen gar,
eh ich dich kannt, erkoren.
Eh ich durch deine Hand gemacht,
da hast du schon bei dir bedacht,
wie du mein wolltest werden.

Ich lag in tiefster Todesnacht,
du warest meine Sonne,
die Sonne, die mir zugebracht
Licht, Leben, Freud und Wonne.
O Sonne, die das werte Licht
des Glaubens in mir zugericht',
wie schön sind deine Strahlen!

Ich sehe dich mit Freuden an
und kann mich nicht satt sehen;
und weil ich nun nichts weiter kann,
bleib ich anbetend stehen.
O daß mein Sinn ein Abgrund wär
und meine Seel ein weites Meer,
daß ich dich möchte fassen!

Tunes and settings

Johannes Zahn listed eight hymn tunes which were specifically composed for "Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier" and which originated or were first published between 1667 and 1883 (Zahn 4659–4666).[4] One of these melodies, Zahn 4663, was first published as No. 195 in Schemellis Gesangbuch in 1736.[5][6]

Luther composed two hymn tunes for "Nun freut euch lieben Christen": the Praxis Pietatis Melica of 1653 specifies the second of these, the one that was published in the Klugsches Gesangbuch, as melody for Gerhardt's text.[7][8]

The hymn was published with the "Nun freut euch lieben Christen" tune in the Gotteslob of 1975. In the Gotteslob of 2013 it was published with the melody from Schemellis Gesangbuch as GL 256 in the common section, with a note about the alternative melody in GL 258, "Lobpreiset all zu dieser Zeit"[clarification needed]. The older tune has been retained in regional sections, for example GL 758 in the Gotteslob of the Diocese of Limburg.[9]

"Nun freut euch lieben Christen" melody

The first print gives the melody of "Nun freut euch lieben Christen", a melody by Martin Luther which was also used for "Es ist gewisslich an der Zeit" (EG 149).[1] This melody, Zahn 4429a, appears in older hymnals, and in the Epiphany part of Johann Sebastian Bach's Christmas Oratorio, composed for the Christmas season of 1734–1735.[8][10] Inserted in the narration of the Three Kings, the first stanza refers to them bringing gold, incense and myrrh, thus offering what the singer has to give, spirit and mind, heart, soul and courage ("mein Geist und Sinn, Herz, Seel und Mut").[2]

Melody in Schemellis Gesangbuch

In 1736, Georg Christian Schemelli (de) published in Leipzig a Musicalisches Gesang-Buch (Musical song book).[11] Bach probably[1] composed for this edition a melody in C minor which was intended for private devotion and solo singing.[6][12] The Bach-Gesellschaft republished this setting of the song in 1892.[13] The setting, known as BWV 469, includes, apart from the hymn tune, a figured bass accompaniment.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c Bernhard Leube. "Das Kind und das Ich: Warum 'Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier' zu den schönsten Weihnachtsliedern zählt" in Sonntagsblatt: 360 Grad evangelisch No. 51/2008. München, 21 December 2008
  2. ^ a b c Fischer, Michael (2007). "Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier". Liederlexikon (in German). Retrieved 17 December 2017. 
  3. ^ "Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier". Christliche Liederdatenbank (in German). 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2018. 
  4. ^ Zahn 1890, pp. 146148.
  5. ^ Zahn 1890, p. 147.
  6. ^ a b c Schemelli 1736, p. 131.
  7. ^ Becker 2009, pp. 111–114 and 249–261.
  8. ^ a b Zahn 1890, p. 70.
  9. ^ Gotteslob. Katholisches Gebet- und Gesangbuch. / Ausgabe für das Bistum Limburg. Kevelaer: Diocese of Limburg. 2013. ISBN 978-3-7840-0204-0. 
  10. ^ Luke Dahn. BWV 248(6).59(6) at www.bach-chorales.com. 2017
  11. ^ Schemelli 1736.
  12. ^ "Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier (sacred song) BWV 469; BC F 232". Bach Digital. Retrieved 7 January 2018. 
  13. ^ Franz Wüllner (editor). "Ich steh' an deiner Krippen hier", p. 292 in Part II of Motetten, Choräle und Lieder, Vol. 39 of Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1892

Sources

External links

  • Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier, BWV 469: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
  • Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier Liederprojekt Carus-Verlag and SWR2
  • Xaver Frühbeis: Wortreich vor dem Herrn: "Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier“. BR-Klassik, Mittagsmusik extra, 26 December 2014
  • Ich steh an deiner Krippen hier in "Doch der ist am besten dran / Der mit Andacht singen kann"
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