Icelandic units of measurement
A number of units of measurement were used in Iceland to measure length, mass, area, capacity, etc. Since 1907, metric system has been compulsory in Iceland.^{[1]}^{[2]}
Contents
Older System of Unit before Metric System
A number of units were used and these units were analogues to Danish.
Length
A number of units were used in Iceland to measure length. One fet was equal to 0.31385 m and one sjómíla was equal to 1855 m, as they were defined by their metric equivalents.^{[1]} Some other units are given below:^{[1]}^{[3]}
1 lína = 1/144 fet
1 þumlungur = 1/12 fet
1 alin = 2 fet
1 faðmur = 6 fet
1 míla á landi (or landmíla) = 24,000 fet
Þingmannaleið = 20,000 faðmar = 120,000 fet^{[4]}
Mass
A number of units were used to measure mass. One pund was equal to 0.5 kg as it was defined by its metric equivalent.^{[1]} Some other units are given below:^{[1]}^{[3]}
1 mörk = 1/2 pund^{[5]}
1 fisk = 8 pund
1 fierding = 40 pund
1 liespund = 64 pund
1 tunna smjörs = 224 pund
1 skippund = 320 pund
1 batt = 320 pund
Area
A number of units were used to measure area. One ferfaðmur (plural. ferfaðmar) was equal to 3.546 m^{2} and one fermila was equal to 56.7383 km^{2}, as they were defined by their metric equivalents.^{[1]} Some other units are given below:^{[1]}
1 ferþumlungur = 1/5184 ferfaðmur
1 ferfet = 1/36 ferfaðmur
1 feralin = 1/9 ferfaðmur
1 túndagslátta = 900 ferfaðmar
1 engjateigur = 1600 ferfaðmar
Capacity
A number of units were used to measure capacity. One pottur (plural. pottar) was equal to 1/32 fet^{2}, and was equal to 0.9661 l as it was defined by its metric equivalent.^{[1]} Some other units are given below:^{[1]}^{[3]}
1 kornskeppa = 18 pottar
1 anker = 39 pottar
1 almenn tunna = 120 pottar
1 öltunna = 136 pottar
1 korntunna = 144 pottar
References
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} ^{d} ^{e} ^{f} ^{g} ^{h} ^{i} Washburn, E.W. (1926). International Critical Tables of Numerical Data, Physics, Chemistry and Technology. New York: McGraw-Hil Book Company, Inc. p. 8.
- ^ Cardarelli, F. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Their SI Equivalences and Origins. London: Springer. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-4471-1122-1.
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} Cardarelli, F. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Their SI Equivalences and Origins. London: Springer. pp. 117, 118. ISBN 978-1-4471-1122-1.
- ^ http://www.visindavefur.is/svar.php?id=2940
- ^ http://www.visindavefur.is/svar.php?id=6557