ISIL insurgency in Tunisia

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ISIL insurgency in Tunisia
Part of spillover of the Libyan Civil War (2014–present), the Arab Winter and the Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present)
Date 26 June 2015 – present
(2 years, 10 months, 2 weeks and 5 days)
Location Tunisia
Result Ongoing
Belligerents

 ISIL

Tunisia Tunisian National Guard

Casualties and losses
45-67+ killed, 54+ captured 38 killed, 38 wounded

41-63+ civilians killed in terror attacks across Tunisia , 46-88+ wounded

Total: 127-173+ killed

The ISIL insurgency in Tunisia refers to the ongoing militant and terror activity of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant branch in Tunisia. The activity of ISIL in Tunisia began in summer 2015, with the Sousse attacks, though an earlier terror incident in Bardo Museum in March 2015 was claimed the Islamic State, while the Tunisian government blamed Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade. Following massive border clashes near Ben Guerdance in March 2016, the activity of the ISIL group was described as armed insurgency,[1] switching from previous tactics of sporadic suicide attacks to attempts to gain territorial control.

Background

  • 18 March 2015 - Bardo National Museum attack, Three militants attacked the Bardo National Museum in the Tunisian capital city of Tunis, and took hostages.[2] Twenty-one people, mostly European tourists, were killed at the scene, while an additional victim died ten days later. Around fifty others were injured.[3][4][5] Two of the gunmen, Tunisian citizens Yassine Labidi and Saber Khachnaoui, were killed by police, while the third attacker is currently at large.[6] Police treated the event as a terrorist attack.[7][8]

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility for the attack, and threatened to commit further attacks. However, the Tunisian government blamed a local splinter group of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, called the Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade, for the attack. A police raid killed nine members on 28 March.[9]

Timeline

Year Deaths Injuries
2015 53-77 55-97
2016 70-90 21
2017 6 8
Total 127-173 84-126

2015

2016

  • 7–9 March - 2016 Ben Guerdane attack, Was an armed attack on 7 March 2016 in the city of Ben Gardane in Tunisia on the border with Libya. The clashes continued also on 8 and 9 of March in the area. The final death toll was 45 militants, 13 security and 7 civilians.
  • 19 March - 2 militants were killed on Libyan border, near to the site of the Ben Guerdane attack, while three civilians and a Tunisian security forces member were wounded.[19]
  • 30 March - 4 Tunisian troops were reported killed in an ambush by ISIL affiliates in Kasserine.[20]
  • 11 May - Four police men were killed by IS attack, with the suicide bomber dying as well.[21] This followed the death of two suspected terrorists near Tunis.
  • 26 October - Two Americans were detained by the authorities in Jendouba (northwestern Tunisia), being suspected of involvement with a terrorist organization.[22]
  • 5 November - Militants killed the soldier at his home in the central region. A day later, ISIL claimed responsibility for the killing.[23]
  • 9 November - The Tunisian Army hunted down and shot dead a leader of a militant group affiliated with ISIL militants, this comes four days after the militant group killed a soldier at his house in central Tunisia.[24]

2017

  • 12 March - A police officer and two militants were killed in a shootout at a checkpoint in southern Tunisia that left three other officers injured.[25]
  • 2-3 June - A unit of the National Army discovered the body of the shepherd Khelifa Soltani on Saturday afternoon, on Mount Mghila. He had been kidnapped on Friday by a group of terrorists with another shepherd who hasn't been found yet.[26]
  • 8 June - A mine exploded at Jebel Mghila (Sidi Bouzid), during a sweep operation, killing 1 soldier and wounding another one.[27]
  • 16 June - A woman was injured when an IED went off near Mont Salloum in the Kasserine Governorate.[28]
  • 22 August - An IED blast wounded two soldiers on patrol in the heights of [29]
  • 1 November - A suspected Islamist stabbed two police officers near Tunisia's parliament, killing one and injuring another one.[30]


References

  1. ^ "Islamic State attack on Ben Guerdane indicates shift in group's Tunisia strategy, to trigger insurgency". Jane's Defence Weekly. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  2. ^ "Gunmen storm Tunisian museum, kill two Tunisians, 17 foreign tourists site". Reuters. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  3. ^ "The Latest: French President Mourns Tunisia Victims". The New York Times. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  4. ^ "Museum attack a 'great calamity' for Tunisia's young democracy". Los Angeles Times. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  5. ^ a b "Islamic State claims responsibility for Tunisia attack". MSN News. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  6. ^ "Third Tunisia museum attacker 'on the run', says president". Yahoo News. 22 March 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  7. ^ "21 dead in Tunisia attack, Including Gunmen". Al-Jazeera. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  8. ^ "Gunmen 'take hostages' in attack on Tunisia parliament". The Daily Telegraph. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  9. ^ "Thousands of Tunisians, leaders march after Bardo attack". Reuters. 29 March 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  10. ^ "Scores killed in terror attack on Tunisian beach resort". France 24. 27 June 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  11. ^ "Death toll from attack at Tunisia hotel rises to 37". WBTV. 26 June 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  12. ^ "Tourists flee Tunisia after resort attack". CNN. 28 June 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  13. ^ "Tunisia bus explosion: Bomb kills 12 on Tunis bus in 'act of terror'". The Independent. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  14. ^ "Apparent suicide attack on Tunisian presidential guard bus kills 12". Reuters. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  15. ^ "Islamic State Claims Responsibility for Deadly Bus Attack in Tunis". The Wall Street Journal. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  16. ^ "Islamic State claims responsibility for fatal Tunis bus attack". The Guardian. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  17. ^ "Tunisia identifies bus suicide bomber as Tunisian national". Reuters. 26 November 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  18. ^ "Policeman killed in checkpoint attack in southern Tunisia - officials". Reuters. 12 March 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  19. ^ "Tunisian forces kill 2 'terrorists' near site of border attack". Gulf News. 20 March 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  20. ^ "ISIS terrorists ambush 4 Tunisian soldiers in Kasserine". Al-Masdar News. 30 March 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  21. ^ "Four policemen killed in 'IS' suicide attack in Tunisia". Deutsche Welle. 27 October 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  22. ^ "Tunisia Briefly Holds Two From U.S. on Suspicion of Terror Ties". The New York Times. 27 October 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  23. ^ "Tunisian soldier killed in his home: report". The Indian Express. 6 November 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  24. ^ "Tunisian military kills head of terrorist group". Press TV. 9 November 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  25. ^ "Policeman killed in checkpoint attack in southern Tunisia - officials". Reuters. 12 March 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  26. ^ "Découverte du corps de Khelifa Soltani, kidnappé au mont Mghilla". Espace Manager (in French). 3 June 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  27. ^ "Jebel mghila deux soldats blesses dans lexplosion dune mine". Kapitalis (in French). 8 June 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  28. ^ "Tunisie: Une femme blessée par l'explosion d'un mine au Mont Selloum". Tunisie Numerique (in French). 16 June 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  29. ^ "Kasserine : Deux soldats blessés dans l'explosion d'une mine". Mosaïque FM (in French). 22 August 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  30. ^ "Tunisia policeman dies after attack, security unions seek more protection". Reuters. 2 November 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
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