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Hyssus or Hyssos (Ancient Greek: Ὕσσος), also known as Hyssi portus, or Susarmia or Sousarmia (Σουσάρμια),[1] or Susurmaena or Sousourmaina (Σουσούρμαινα),[2] was a port-town of ancient Pontus on the Black Sea coast, at the mouth of the Hyssus River, 180 stadia east of Trapezus.[3][4] The Tabula Peutingeriana calls it Hyssilime. It seems to have been a place of some importance; for it was fortified, and had the "cohors Apuleia civium Romanorum" for its garrison.[5] Other names borne by the town include Psoron Limen (Ψωρῶν λιμήν), Sousourmena, and Ysiporto.[6]

Its site is located near Araklıçarşısı in Asiatic Turkey.[7][6]


  1. ^ Anon. Peripl. p. 13.
  2. ^ Procopius, Bell. Goth., 4.2.
  3. ^ Arrian. Periplus Ponti Euxini. p. 6.
  4. ^ Ptolemy. The Geography. 5.4.6.
  5. ^ Notit. Imp. Orient. 27.
  6. ^ a b Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  7. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 87, and directory notes accompanying.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Hyssus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 40°56′33″N 40°02′22″E / 40.942435°N 40.039388°E / 40.942435; 40.039388

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