Hymnodist

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A hymnodist (or hymnist) is one who writes the text, music or both of hymns. Hymnodists have been in existence since at least the time of David, who was himself a hymnodist, as he composed many of the Psalms.[1]

History

Early Church and Middle Ages

Many hymnodists in the early Church gained prominence and achieved canonisation. Saint John of Damascus (c. 675 or 676 - 749) was noted for his work as a hymnodist; some of the most popular English hymns which are translations of his works include Come ye faithful, raise the strain, Let us rise in early morning and The day of resurrection, all associated with the season of Eastertide and all translated by John Mason Neale.[2]

Until the twelfth century, it was accepted that only men served the Church in this role. Saint Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179) challenged this notion in the twelfth century, becoming the first woman to serve in this position.[3]

Post-reformation

Many leaders of the reformation, including Martin Luther (1483-1546) himself, were hymnodists; Luther's work included A mighty fortress is our God and Christ Jesus lay in death's strong bonds.[4] Lutherans continued to compose hymns, and some of the popular hymnodists of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries included the three saints commemorated in the Lutheran Calendar of Saints on 26 October: Philipp Nicolai (1556-1608), [5] Johann Heermann (1585-1647),[6] and Paul Gerhardt (1607-76).[7] Michael Praetorius (1571-1621),[8] and Johann Crüger (1598-1662)[9] also gained renown as German Lutheran hymnodists of that era.

In the English-speaking world, the art of being a hymnodist was brought to prominence by the 750 odd hymns composed by Isaac Watts (1674-1748),[10] followed by the almost tenfold Watts' output composed a generation later by co-founder of Methodism, Charles Wesley (1707-88).[11]

Nineteenth, twentieth and twenty-first centuries

Major modern publishers include the Jubilate Group and Stainer & Bell in the UK; CanticaNOVA Publications, World Library Publications and Oregon Catholic Press in the USA; and Willow Publishing and Allans Music in Australia.

Leading UK hymnodists have included Jubilate hymnodists Michael Perry (1942–96), Michael Saward (1932-2015) and Christopher Idle (born 1938), Stainer & Bell hymnodist Fred Pratt Green (1903-2000), as well as James Quinn (1919-2010) and Brian Foley (1919-2000). Modern hymnodists from outside the UK include: French-American hymnodist Lucien Deiss (1921-2007) who was associated with World Library Publications; and Australian duo James McAuley (1917–76) and Richard Connolly (born 1927). Hymnodists born in the late twentieth century have also made significant contributions to the field. Currently, the oldest living hymnodist may be Timothy Dudley-Smith at the age of 91 years, 249 days, with Richard Connolly not far behind at the age of 90 years, 295 days; the oldest hymnodist ever may have been Fred Pratt Green, who lived to the age of 97 years, 50 days.

Celebrations

As a general practice, hymnodists celebrate the anniversary of the day they became a hymnodist (in other words, the date of the composition of their first hymn). The usual significant anniversaries such as 25th, 50th and 60th are popular, as well as the seventh (which is seen as representing a covenant between God and the hymnodist), especially amongst Catholics.

As hymnodists are not required to participate in a census of any kind, it is difficult to determine the average age at which a hymnodist begins; but it would seem that starting in the mid-to-late teens or twenties is common. One of the youngest people to be a hymnodist was British Ewart Knight (born 1897-98), who was seven years old when on 20 May 1905 he became a hymnodist with the composition of the hymn tune SANDOWN;[12]; while one of the oldest people to start as a hymnodist was the Australian Sylvia Romer (born 1939), who was probably 62 years of age when she composed her first hymn in September 2001.[13]

List of hymnodists who have achieved sainthood

This list is incomplete. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

Roman Catholic

Lutheran

Anglican

References

  1. ^ "King David and the Psalms". 
  2. ^ "St. John of Damascus - Hymnary.org". 
  3. ^ "Hymnology". 
  4. ^ "Martin Luther - Hymnary.org". 
  5. ^ "Philipp Nicolai - Hymnary.org". 
  6. ^ "Johann Heermann - Hymnary.org". 
  7. ^ "Paul Gerhardt - Hymnary.org". 
  8. ^ "Michael Praetorius - Hymnary.org". 
  9. ^ "Johann Crüger - Hymnary.org". 
  10. ^ "Isaac Watts - Hymnary.org". 
  11. ^ "Charles Wesley - Hymnary.org". 
  12. ^ http://www.iwcp.co.uk/news/friday-may-20-2005-9220.aspx
  13. ^ "musicformass". 
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