Hydrogen purifier

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A hydrogen purifier is a device to purify hydrogen if hydrogen production is done from hydrocarbon sources, the ultra-high purified hydrogen is needed for applications like PEM fuel cells .

Palladium membrane hydrogen purifiers

The palladium membrane is typically a metallic tube of a palladium and silver alloy material possessing the unique property of allowing only monatomic hydrogen to pass through its crystal lattice when it is heated above 300°C.[1]

Dense thin-metal membrane purifier

Dense thin-metal membrane purifiers are compact, relatively inexpensive and simple to use.[2][3][4]

Pressure swing adsorption

Pressure swing adsorption is used for the removal of carbon dioxide (CO2) as the final step in the large-scale commercial synthesis of hydrogen. It can also remove methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen, moisture and in some cases, argon, from hydrogen.

Catalytic recombination or deoxygenation purifier

Catalytic recombination or deoxygenation is used to remove oxygen (O2) impurities. The process is also known as a 'deoxo' process. The oxygen reacts with the hydrogen to form water vapor, which can then be removed by a dryer if necessary. The catalysts that are used are based on platinum group metals (PGM). A typical system could handle up to 3% O2 in H2 in the feed, and reduce the O2 content to less than 1ppm.[5]

Electrochemical purifier

The electrochemical purifier works similar to a fuel cell, a voltage is applied to the membrane and the resulting electric current pulls hydrogen through the membrane. A well designed system can simulanously compress the hydrogen.

Applications

Hydrogen purifiers are used in metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy reactors for LED production.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Advanced palladium membrane scale-up for hydrogen separation
  2. ^ Hydrogen purification membranes
  3. ^ Dense metal membranes for hydrogen purifying
  4. ^ Development of Pd Alloy hydrogen separation membranes with dense-porous hybrid structure for high hydrogen perm-selectivity
  5. ^ 45 Home Power #67 • October / November 1998
  6. ^ Hydrogen purifiers proving vital to LED production

External links

  • 3 industrial hydrogen purifier systems
  • Power and Energy, Inc.
  • Setting a new benchmark for hydrogen delivery
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