Hutt (New Zealand electorate)

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Hutt was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was one of the original electorates in 1853 and existed during two periods until 1978. It was represented by 13 Members of Parliament.

Population centres

The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries, and six electorates were established for the first time, and two electorates that previously existed were re-established, including Hutt.[1]

The main population centre in the electorate was the city of Lower Hutt in the Hutt Valley.

History

The Hutt seat first existed from 1853 to 1870 as a two-member electorate.[2]

At the opening of the 6th session of the 2nd Parliament on 10 April 1858,[3] the speaker read out 14 resignations, including those of Dillon Bell and Samuel Revans.[4] Bell moved to Otago and continued his political career there. On 31 July 1858, a by-election was held, and Alfred Renall and William Fitzherbert were returned.[5][6]

From 1871 onwards, the electorate was a single-member constituency. Fitzherbert contested the general election on 29 December 1875 against Hutchison and obtained 178 votes, with Hutchison receiving 38.[7] He retained the Hutt electorate until his resignation in 1879, so that he could appointed to the Legislative Council. H. Jackson won the resulting by-election against T. Mason,[8] but Mason was successful against Jackson at the 1879 general election a few months later.[9]

The electorate was abolished in 1893.[2]

In 1902 the seat was recreated and was won by the Liberal leader Thomas Wilford. His party allegiance changed to the United Party, which took over from the Liberal Party by 1928. He resigned in 1929, and the ensuing by-election was won by Walter Nash. Nash became Minister of Finance and Prime Minister, who died in 1968. The seat was then held by Trevor Young, also for Labour.

When the seat was split into Eastern Hutt and Western Hutt in 1978, Young won the new Eastern Hutt seat for Labour.

Members of Parliament

Key:

 Independent    Conservative    Liberal    United    Labour  

1853 to 1870

From 1853 to 1870, Hutt was a two-member electorate represented by six Members of Parliament:[2]

Election Winners
1853 election Edward Gibbon Wakefield Alfred Ludlam
1855 election Francis Dillon Bell
1856 by-election Samuel Revans
1858 by-election William Fitzherbert Alfred Renall
1860 election
1866 election Alfred Ludlam

1871 to 1893

From 1871 to 1893, the electorate was represented by a further four Members of Parliament, with Fitzherbert continuing his term:

Election Winner
1871 election William Fitzherbert[6]
1875 election
1879 by-election Henry Jackson[8]
1879 election Thomas Mason[9][10]
1881 election
1884 election Henry Samuel Fitzherbert
1887 election
1890 election Alfred Newman
(Electorate abolished 1893)

1902 to 1978

From 1902 to 1978, the electorate was represented by three Members of Parliament:[2]

Election Winner
1902 election Thomas Wilford
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1929 by-election Walter Nash
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1968 by-election Trevor Young
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
(Electorate abolished 1978; see Western Hutt and Eastern Hutt)

Election results

1968 by-election

Hutt by-election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Trevor Young 5,968 47.79
National John Kennedy-Good 4,576 36.64
Social Credit Tom Weal 1649 5.18
Independent N. G. Ursin 295 2.36
Majority 1,392 11.15
Turnout 12,488 68.04
Registered electors 18,354
Labour hold Swing

1966 election

General election, 1966: Hutt[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Sir Walter Nash 7,861 51.7 -7.10
National John Kennedy-Good 5,912 38.9
Social Credit C B Dalglish 1,431 9.4
Majority 1,949 12.8 -8.72
Turnout 17,520 87.2 -2.70

1963 election

General election, 1963: Hutt[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 8,865 58.6 +4.30
National V E Hampson-Tinadale 5,217 34.5
Social Credit Donald Milne 972 6.4 -1.50
Majority 3,648 21.52 +4.72
Turnout 16,945 89.9 -0.20

1960 election

General election, 1960: Hutt[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 7,614 54.3 -8.40
National G L Barker 5,265 37.5
Social Credit Donald Milne 997 7.1 +2.60
Independent G Wain 115 0.8
Communist Ralph Hegman 40 0.3
Majority 2,349 16.8 -14.20
Turnout 15,712 90.1 -3.50

1957 election

General election, 1957: Hutt[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 8,975 62.7 +2.40
National Lance Adams-Schneider 4,545 31.7
Social Credit Donald Milne 808 5.6
Majority 4,430 31.0 +4.40
Turnout 15,381 93.6 +5.90

1954 election

General election, 1954: Hutt[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 8,371 60.3 +3.6
National Clevedon Costello 4,690 33.7
Social Credit T O Maddison 829 6.0
Majority 3,681 26.6 +10.70
Turnout 15,740 88.7 -1.20

1951 election

General election, 1951: Hutt[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 8,872 57.7 ±0
National John William Andrews 6,424 41.8
World Socialist Thomas Simpson 71 0.5 -0.20
Majority 2,248 15.9 -0.20
Turnout 17,161 89.9

1949 election

General election, 1949: Hutt[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 8,153 57.7 -1.00
National H L Heatley 5,880 41.6
World Socialist Thomas Simpson 100 0.7 +0.30
Majority 2,273 16.1 -2.79
Turnout 15,480

1946 election

General election, 1946: Hutt[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 8,025 58.7 -2.17
National J E F Vogel 5,438 39.7
Independent Labour G Laing 163 1.2
World Socialist Thomas Simpson 50 0.4
Majority 2,587 18.91 -17.38
Turnout 13,676

1943 election

General election, 1943: Hutt[15][16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 8,823 60.87 11.97
Independent John H. Hogan 3,563 24.58
National Norman Percival Croft 3,017 20.81
Democratic Labour Patrick Connors 437 3.01
Informal votes 178 1.22 +0.45
Majority 5,260 36.29 -10.15
Turnout 14,493

1938 election

General election, 1938: Hutt[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 10,687 72.84 -1.48
National John William Andrews 3,873 26.39
Majority 6,814 46.44 -2.19
Informal votes 114 0.77
Turnout 14,671 95.93
Registered electors 15,292

1935 election

General election, 1935: Hutt[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 11,107 74.32 +15.24
United/Reform Victor Emmanuel Jacobsen 3,838 25.68
Majority 7,269 48.63 +30.48
Turnout 14,945

1931 election

General election, 1931: Hutt[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 9,187 59.08 +18.54
United James Kerr[nb 1] 6,364 40.92 +2.09
Informal votes 116 0.74
Majority 2,823 18.15 +16.45
Turnout 15,667 86.98 +3.39
Registered electors 18,013

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ For some biographical details of James Kerr refer to his father's article.

1929 by-election

Hutt by-election, 1929[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Nash 5,047 40.53 -4.55
United James Kerr[mb 1] 4,835 38.83
Reform Harold Johnston[mb 2] 2,570 20.64
Majority 212 1.70 -8.14
Informal votes 103 0.82 -1.31
Turnout 12,555 84.27 -6.67
Registered electors 14,898

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ For some biographical details of Kerr refer to his father's article.
  2. ^ For some biographical details of Johnston refer to his father's article.

1928 election

General election, 1928: Hutt[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
United Thomas Wilford 7,283 54.92 -3.21
Labour Walter Nash 5,978 45.08 +4.10
Informal votes 288 2.13 +1.26
Majority 1,305 9.84 -7.31
Turnout 13,549 90.95 -0.9
Registered electors 14,898

1925 election

General election, 1925: Hutt[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wilford 6,080 58.13 +16.98
Labour Walter Nash 4,286 40.98
Informal votes 92 0.87 +0.01
Majority 1,794 17.15 +8.25
Turnout 10,458 91.04 -0.17
Registered electors 11,487

1922 election

General election, 1922: Hutt[24][25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,707 41.15 -0.44
Labour David Pritchard 2,905 32.25 +2.87
Reform Henry Bennett 2,317 25.72
Informal votes 78 0.86 +0.04
Majority 802 8.90 -3.31
Turnout 9,007 91.21 +8.77
Registered electors 9,874

1919 election

General election, 1919: Hutt[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,422 41.59 -15.13
Labour David Pritchard 2,417 29.38
Reform Percy Rishworth 2,319 28.19
Informal votes 68 0.82 -1.21
Majority 1,005 12.21 -1.24
Turnout 8,226 82.44 -0.59
Registered electors 9,983

1914 election

General election, 1914: Hutt[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,977 56.72 -6.39
United Labour Albert Samuel 3,034 43.27
Informal votes 143 2.03 +0.69
Majority 943 13.45 -14.55
Turnout 7,011 83.03 +0.57
Registered electors 8,443

1911 election

General election, 1911: Hutt, First ballot[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,471 50.33 -11.27
Labour Michael Reardon 1,540 22.33
Independent John McEwan 911 13.21
Reform Richard Shortt 881 12.77 -23.66
Informal votes 93 1.34 -0.52
Majority 1,931 28.00 +2.83
Turnout 6,896 83.60 +5.15
Registered electors 8,248

1908 election

General election, 1908: Hutt, First ballot[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,764 61.60 +7.08
Conservative Richard Shortt 2,226 36.43
Informal votes 120 1.96 +1.05
Majority 1,538 25.17 +6.67
Turnout 6,110 78.45 -3.97
Registered electors 7,788

1905 election

General election, 1905: Hutt[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,452 57.49 +2.97
New Liberal George Yerex[32] 1,540 25.64
Independent George London 957 15.93
Informal votes 55 0.91
Majority 1,912 31.84 +20.48
Turnout 6,004 82.42 +5.83
Registered electors 7,284

1902 election

General election, 1902: Hutt[33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wilford 2,115 54.52
Independent Liberal Frederick Pirani 1,674 43.15
Independent Joseph Collier 90 2.32
Majority 441 11.36
Turnout 3,879 76.59
Registered electors 5,064

1890 election

General election, 1890: Hutt[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Newman 680 42.63
Liberal George Thomas London 502 31.47
Independent Charles Beard Izard 413 25.89
Majority 178 11.15
Turnout 1,595 66.45
Registered electors 2,400

1858 by-election

Hutt by-election, 1858[35][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent William Fitzherbert 229 30.29 -
Independent Alfred Renall 228 30.16 -
Independent George Hart 153 20.24 -
Independent Peter Cheyne 146 19.31 -
Majority 75[a] 9.92 -
Total votes 756

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Majority is the difference between lowest winning poll (Renall: 228) and highest losing poll (Hart: 153)

1856 by-election

Hutt by-election, 1856[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Samuel Revans 96 80.0
Independent George Hart 24 20.0
Turnout 120
Majority 72

Notes

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 67f.
  2. ^ a b c d Wilson 1985, p. 265.
  3. ^ "THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NEW ZEALAND." (340). Otago Witness. 5 June 1858. p. 4. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  4. ^ "HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES." (340). Otago Witness. 5 June 1858. p. 5. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  5. ^ "Wellington". Hawke's Bay Herald. 1 (48). 21 August 1858. p. 3. Retrieved 3 July 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Hamer, David (22 June 2007). "Fitzherbert, William 1810 - 1891". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 1 July 2010. 
  7. ^ "The Hutt Election". The Evening Post. XII (154). 30 December 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 2 July 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "The Hutt Election". The Evening Post. XVIII (3). 3 July 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 2 July 2010. 
  9. ^ a b "The new Parliament". Clutha Leader. VI (310). 12 September 1879. p. 5. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  10. ^ "The Hutt Election". The Evening Post. XVIII (62). 10 September 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 2 July 2010. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Norton 1988.
  12. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  16. ^ "Results from all Electorates". Evening Post. CXXXVI (76). 27 September 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  17. ^ "City Nominations". Evening Post. CXXXVI (61). 9 September 1943. p. 9. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  18. ^ "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 
  19. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1936. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  20. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 3. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  21. ^ "The Hutt Seat". The Evening Post. CXII (108). 3 November 1931. p. 8. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  22. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 3. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  23. ^ The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 2. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  24. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1924. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  25. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 83f.
  26. ^ Hislop 1923, pp. 1–6.
  27. ^ Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  28. ^ Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  29. ^ "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 1–14. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  30. ^ "The General Election, 1908". National Library. 1909. pp. 1–34. Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  31. ^ The General Election, 1905. p. 3. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  32. ^ "The New Liberal Party in Wellington". Otago Daily Times. 17 October 1905. p. 5. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  33. ^ The General Election, 1902. National Library. 1903. p. 1. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  34. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  35. ^ "Country Districts Election". The Wellington Independent. X (1310). 4 August 1858. p. 3. Retrieved 18 December 2016. 
  36. ^ "Memorial of Merchants, Tradesmen, and Others". Lyttelton Times. VI (427). 6 December 1856. p. 3. Retrieved 18 December 2016. 
  37. ^ "Memorial of Merchants, Tradesmen, and Others". Lyttelton Times. VI (427). 6 December 1856. p. 3. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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