Husein Aidid

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Husein Aidid
حسين عيديد
Husein Aidid.jpg
Husein Aidid
Background information
Birth name Husein
Born 1913
Pekojan, Tambora, Jakarta
Origin Jakarta, Indonesia
Died September 13, 1965 (aged 51–52)
Tanah Abang, Central Jakarta
Genres Gambus
  • Songwriter
  • singer
  • Businessperson
Years active 1947–1962
Labels Bali record
Past members

Husein Aidid (Arabic: حسين عيديد‎, romanizedḤusayn ʻAydīd, Arabic pronunciation: [ħuˈsajn ?ajdi:d]; 1913–1965) was an Indonesian songwriter, singer and entrepreneur. Aidid was the founder and leader of the Orkes Gambus al-Usysyaaq (founded in 1947[1]) which later became transformed into the Orkes Melayu Kenangan in 1950.[2] Together with his new Malay Orchestra, on October 26, 1950, Aidid began its first broadcast on Radio Republik Indonesia and was broadcast nationally. At that time, RRI was the most popular entertainment facilities of society.[3]


Early life

Aidid was born in an Arab village in Pekojan, West Jakarta in 1913. He came from the family of Ba 'Alawi sada of Arab Hadhrami descent surnamed Aidid (Arabic: عيديد‎, romanizedʻAydīd, Arabic pronunciation: [?ajdi:d]), his father was Alwi bin Abubakar Aidid, while his mother was a Betawi girl named Fatimah.[4] He studied at Kampong Djawa-Batavia Centrum School, majoring in Metalworking.[5]

Personal life

Husein Aidid (right) with his wife, Saodah (left).

Aidid married a Betawi girl named Saodah and was blessed with six children, three boys and three girls. They are Alwi Husein Aidid, Fatmah Husein Aidid, Faisyi Husein Aidid, Abubakar Husein Aidid, Farhana Husein Aidid, and Hamid Husein Aidid.[4]


Early career

Since young, Aidid has been wrestling with the music world. He studied music to Sardi, the father of a legendary violinist Idris Sardi. The instruments he used to play were piano and violin. With his piano he could create and orchestrate a song, then poured in a special music book.[6]

Gambus orchestra

In 1947, Aidid along with other Pekojan youths founded a gambus orchestra named al-Usysyaaq, with Aidid as its leader. Although at the beginning of the emergence of this gambus orchestra has not been able to penetrate Radio Republik Indonesia, but the performance of the gambus orchestra unexpectedly got a good response from the people of Jakarta who, at that time, were fond of the Malay rhythmic songs, like qanbūs music.[1]

Malay orchestra

Business activities





  1. ^ a b Shahab, 2004, p. 25.
  2. ^ Weintraub, Andrew N., 2010, p. 43.
  3. ^ Shahab, 2004, p. 26.
  4. ^ a b Aidid, Alwi (October 28, 2008). "Riwayat Hidup Husein Aidid" [Curriculum Vitae of Husein Aidid]. Husein Aidid (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on May 11, 2018. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  5. ^ Aidid, Alwi (November 29, 2008). "Mengenal Husein Aidid" [Get to know Husein Aidid]. Husein Aidid (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on May 11, 2018. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  6. ^ Shahab, 2004, p. 27.


  • Sakrie, Denny (March 25, 2015). 100 Tahun Musik Indonesia [100 Years of Music of Indonesia] (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Gagas Media. ISBN 978-9797807856.
  • Shahab, Alwi (2004). Saudagar Baghdad dari Betawi [Baghdad Merchant from Betawi] (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Republika publisher. ISBN 9793210303.
  • Weintraub, Andrew N. (August 26, 2010). Dangdut Stories: A Social and Musical History of Indonesia's Most Popular Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199780235.
  • Jakarta provincial government (January 1, 2018) [first published 2005 (as book version)]. "Aidid, Husein" [Husein Aidid]. Ensiklopedi Jakarta: Culture & Heritage (in Indonesian). 3 (Online ed.). Jakarta: Department of Culture and Museum of Jakarta Special Region Provincial Government. ISBN 9789798682490. Archived from the original on June 2, 2017. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  • Weintraub, Andrew (2010). "Music and Malayness: Orkes Melayu in Indonesia. 1950–1965". Musiques d'un Archipel. Paris: Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales. 79 (2): 57–78. doi:10.3406/arch.2010.4160.
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