Hungarian units of measurement

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A number of units of measurement were used in Hungary to measure length, area, volume, etc. Metric system has been adopted in Hungary since 1874 and has been compulsory since 1876.[1][2]

Unit before the metric system

The system before the metric system was the old Vienna system.[1]

Length

Several units were used to measure length. Some units are given below:[1][3][4]

  • mérföld – Mile, 24000 láb, 7.585944 km (4.713687 mi)
  • rúd – Rod, 2 öl, 6.32162 m (20.7402 ft)
  • öl – Fathom, 10 láb, 3.160810 m (10.37011 ft)
  • kettőslépés – Double step, 6 láb, 1.896486 m (6.22207 ft)
  • lépés – Step, 3 láb, 94.8243 cm (3.11103 ft)
  • rőf – Ell, 2 láb, 63.2162 cm (2.07402 ft)
  • láb – Foot, 31.6081 cm (1.03701 ft)
  • arasz – Span, 10 ujj, 19.7551 cm (7.7776 in)
  • tenyér – Palm, 4 ujj, 7.9020 cm (3.1110 in)
  • hüvelyk – Thumb, 1​13 ujj, 2.6340 cm (1.0370 in)
  • ujj – Finger, ​116 láb, 1.9755 cm (0.7778 in)

One arsin was equal to 23.01084 in and one stab was equal to 5.18565 ft.[5]

Mass

One oka was equal from 2.78 to 3.082 lb.[5]

Area

Several units were used to measure area. Some units are given below:[1][3]

1 hold = 4316 m2

1 meile2 = 6978 ha

Volume

A number of units were used to measure volume. Some units are given below:[1][3]

1 akó (eimer) = 54.30 l

1 halbe = 1/64 akó

1 icce = 1/64 akó

1 metzen = 62.53 l

1 akó = 62.53 l

One fass was equal to 52.545 gallons.[5] The value of eimer was varied from 15.03 (in Upper Hungary) to 19.37 (in Lower Hungary).

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Washburn, E.W. (1926). International Critical Tables of Numerical Data, Physics, Chemistry and Technology. New York: McGraw-Hil Book Company, Inc. p. 8. 
  2. ^ Cardarelli, F. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Their SI Equivalences and Origins. London: Springer. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-4471-1122-1. 
  3. ^ a b c Cardarelli, F. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Their SI Equivalences and Origins. London: Springer. p. 105. ISBN 978-1-4471-1122-1. 
  4. ^ Bogdán, István (1990). Magyarországi hossz- és földmértékek, 1601–1874 (in Hungarian). Budapest: Akadémiai kiadó. p. 230. ISBN 978-9-6305-5286-8. 
  5. ^ a b c Clarke, F.W. (1891). Weights Measures and Money of All Nations. New York: D. Appleton & Company. p. 43. 
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