Hungarian units of measurement
A number of units of measurement were used in Hungary to measure length, area, volume, etc. Metric system has been adopted in Hungary since 1874 and has been compulsory since 1876.^{[1]}^{[2]}
Unit before the metric system
The system before the metric system was the old Vienna system.^{[1]}
Length
Several units were used to measure length. Some units are given below:^{[1]}^{[3]}^{[4]}
- mérföld – Mile, 000 láb, 7.585944 km (4.713687 mi) 24
- rúd – Rod, 2 öl, 6.32162 m (20.7402 ft)
- öl – Fathom, 10 láb, 3.160810 m (10.37011 ft)
- kettőslépés – Double step, 6 láb, 1.896486 m (6.22207 ft)
- lépés – Step, 3 láb, 94.8243 cm (3.11103 ft)
- rőf – Ell, 2 láb, 63.2162 cm (2.07402 ft)
- láb – Foot, 31.6081 cm (1.03701 ft)
- arasz – Span, 10 ujj, 19.7551 cm (7.7776 in)
- tenyér – Palm, 4 ujj, 7.9020 cm (3.1110 in)
- hüvelyk – Thumb, 1^{1}⁄_{3} ujj, 2.6340 cm (1.0370 in)
- ujj – Finger, ^{1}⁄_{16} láb, 1.9755 cm (0.7778 in)
One arsin was equal to 23.01084 in and one stab was equal to 5.18565 ft.^{[5]}
Mass
One oka was equal from 2.78 to 3.082 lb.^{[5]}
Area
Several units were used to measure area. Some units are given below:^{[1]}^{[3]}
1 hold = 4316 m^{2} = 1.0665 acre
1 meile^{2} = 6978 ha
Volume
A number of units were used to measure volume. Some units are given below:^{[1]}^{[3]}
1 akó (eimer) = 54.30 l
1 halbe = 1/64 akó
1 icce = 1/64 akó
1 metzen = 62.53 l
1 akó = 62.53 l
One fass was equal to 52.545 gallons.^{[5]} The value of eimer was varied from 15.03 (in Upper Hungary) to 19.37 (in Lower Hungary).
References
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} ^{d} ^{e} Washburn, E.W. (1926). International Critical Tables of Numerical Data, Physics, Chemistry and Technology. New York: McGraw-Hil Book Company, Inc. p. 8.
- ^ Cardarelli, F. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Their SI Equivalences and Origins. London: Springer. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-4471-1122-1.
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} Cardarelli, F. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Their SI Equivalences and Origins. London: Springer. p. 105. ISBN 978-1-4471-1122-1.
- ^ Bogdán, István (1990). Magyarországi hossz- és földmértékek, 1601–1874 (in Hungarian). Budapest: Akadémiai kiadó. p. 230. ISBN 978-9-6305-5286-8.
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} Clarke, F.W. (1891). Weights Measures and Money of All Nations. New York: D. Appleton & Company. p. 43.