Huizhou

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Huizhou
惠州市
Prefecture-level city
West Lake of Huizhou
West Lake of Huizhou
Motto: A city to benefit people (惠民之州)
Location of Huizhou in Guangdong
Location of Huizhou in Guangdong
Huizhou is located in China
Huizhou
Huizhou
Location in China
Coordinates: 23°4′0″N 114°24′0″E / 23.06667°N 114.40000°E / 23.06667; 114.40000
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
City 1988
Municipal seat Huicheng District
Government
 • CPC Secretary Chen Yiwei (陈奕威)
 • Mayor Mai Jiaomeng (麦教猛)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 10,922 km2 (4,217 sq mi)
 • Urban 2,672 km2 (1,032 sq mi)
 • Coastline 223.6 km2 (86.3 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2010 census[1])
 • Prefecture-level city 4,598,402
 • Density 420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Urban 2,344,634
 • Urban density 880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Metro 44,778,513
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 516000
Area code(s) 0752
GDP ¥2368.9 billion (2012)
GDP per capita ¥38,650 (2012)
Licence Plate 粤L
Website http://www.huizhou.gov.cn/

Huìzhōu (Chinese: 惠州) is a city in southeast Guangdong Province, China. Huizhou borders the provincial capital of Guangzhou to the west, Shaoguan to the north, Heyuan to the northeast, Shanwei to the east, Shenzhen and Dongguan to the southwest, and Daya Bay of the South China Sea to the south. The city has about 4.6 million inhabitants and is administered as a prefecture-level city.

History

During the Song dynasty, Huizhou was already a prefectural capital of the Huiyang prefecture, and it was also the cultural centre of the region.[2]

The West Lake park was designed by Su Dongbo, who was also responsible for the Hangzhou West Lake.[2]

Huizhou used to be a prosporous region, specialised in commerce and trading, this changed during the 20th century due to wars.[3] After the 1980s, Huizhou followed the path of nearby Shenzhen and Dongguan and developed as a manufacturing base.

Economy

Development zones

Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone

Huizhou Daya Bay Economic and Technological Development Zone (DBETDZ) was approved by the State Council in 1993. It had an initial area of 9.98 km2 (3.85 sq mi), and in 2006, the State Council expanded the zone to 23.6 km2 (9.1 sq mi) in three phases.

Industries encouraged in the zone include Automobile Production/Assembly, Chemical Production and Processing, Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, and others.[4]

Picturesque shopping style at the local green market

Huizhou Export Processing Zone

Huizhou Export Processing Zone was approved by Guangdong Provincial Government as a subzone of DBETDZ in June 2005. The planned area was 3 km2 (1.2 sq mi). The zone was considered suitable for companies focusing on electronics, auto parts, textiles and chemicals.[5]

Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development Zone

Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development Zone is connected with Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan by Huizhou-Shenzhen Highway, Guangzhou-Huizhou Highway and Dongguan-Huizhou Highway. Beijing-Kowloon Railway and Huizhou-Aotou Railway also run through the zone, linking it with Beijing, Hong Kong, and other cities along the railway. Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport is a one-and-a-half hour drive from the zone.

Huizhou Zhongkai HIDZ has established electronics, information technology and optical-, mechanical- and electronic-integration as its major industries. It also encourages investment in new materials, telecommunications, and other high-tech industries. The zone is one of the National Electronic Information Industry Bases and National Video and Audio Products Parks in China.

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Huizhou administers 5 county-level divisions, including 2 districts and 3 counties.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Huicheng District 惠城区 Huìchéng Qū 1,579,818 1,488.45 1,061
Huiyang District 惠阳区 Huìyáng Qū 764,816 1,205.44 664
Boluo County 博罗县 Bóluó Xiàn 1,038,198 2,855.11 364
Huidong County 惠东县 Huìdōng Xiàn 908,390 3,526.73 258
Longmen County 龙门县 Lóngmén Xiàn 307,180 2,267.2 135
Huizhou
HZ name.svg
"Huizhou", as written in Chinese
Chinese 惠州
Postal Waichow
Literal meaning Benefit prefecture

Transport

Huizhou is served by the Jingjiu Railway (also known as the Guangmeishan Railway in Guangdong) with two stations: Huizhou West and Huizhou.

The town is about a two-hour drive by bus from Shenzhen Baoan International Airport. Huizhou airport reopened in 2015. A mass rapid transit linking it to Shenzhen was under construction as of 2011.

Language

The main language spoken by the local people in Huizhou is Hakka (including Huizhou dialect).[6][7]

Military

Huizhou is headquarters of the 42nd Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the two group armies that comprise the Guangzhou Military Region responsible for the defense of China's southern coast and its border with Vietnam.

Education

Educational facilities in Huizhou include:

Climate

Climate data for Huizhou (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.3
(66.7)
22.2
(72)
26.1
(79)
29.3
(84.7)
31.3
(88.3)
32.7
(90.9)
32.5
(90.5)
31.2
(88.2)
28.6
(83.5)
24.2
(75.6)
20.4
(68.7)
26.37
(79.47)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.7
(53.1)
14.9
(58.8)
19.2
(66.6)
22.5
(72.5)
24.7
(76.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24.0
(75.2)
20.7
(69.3)
15.8
(60.4)
11.6
(52.9)
18.83
(65.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.3
(1.469)
62.8
(2.472)
87.0
(3.425)
202.0
(7.953)
226.7
(8.925)
323.6
(12.74)
255.1
(10.043)
276.1
(10.87)
173.0
(6.811)
66.6
(2.622)
28.2
(1.11)
33.4
(1.315)
1,771.8
(69.755)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.3 10.6 12.6 14.5 18.3 18.7 17.2 18.4 13.0 6.6 5.1 4.8 146.1
Source: Weather China

Tourism

South and West Lake in Linghu
  • Daya Bay

Daya Bay is located to the southeast of Huizhou City, on the South China Sea, with waters covering an area of nearly 500 km2 (190 sq mi). There are nearly 100 islands and reefs in the bay. The climate is described as a typical subtropical oceanic climate, with temperatures averaging 21.8 degrees over the year.

  • Beach Spa Huizhou's seashore hot springs are filled with geothermal minerals, and boast a temperature of nearly 70 degrees Celsius.
  • Sea-level city The Sea city was built in the 18th year of the Ming dynasty, under the Hongwu Emperor (AD 1385), giving it a history of over 600 years. It is found south of the Five Ridges.
  • Elephant Head Mountain Elephant head mountain scenic area is located in the south of Boluo County, 18 kilometres from the Huizhou city area, and covers an area of 33 km2 (13 sq mi). It was formed of igneous rock in the Cretaceous period and has a main peak of 1023 meters above sea level. The mountain bedrock forms a unique "stone egg" landscape.[citation needed]

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Huizhou is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ "China: Administrative Division of Guăngdōng / 广东省". Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Ezra F. Vogel (October 1990). One Step Ahead in China: Guangdong Under Reform. Harvard University Press. pp. 225–226. ISBN 978-0-674-63911-9. 
  3. ^ "China's Villages Are Dying. A New Film Asks If They Can Be Saved". NPR. 
  4. ^ "Huizhou Dayawan Economics Technology Development Zone". Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  5. ^ "Guangdong Huizhou Export Processing Zone". Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  6. ^ Huang Xuezhen.Attribution of Huizhou dialect (zh:惠州话的归属)[J].Dialect(zh:方言),1987,(4):255-263
  7. ^ Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Australian Liberal Arts Institute.Language Atlas of China (zh:中国语言地图集)[M].Li Rong, Xiong Zhenghui, Zhang Zhenxing. First edition,Hong Kong: Hong Kong Longman publishing company, 1987,B13
  8. ^ Wainwright, Oliver (7 January 2013). "Seeing double: what China's copycat culture means for architecture". The Guardian. London: Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 2014-11-15. 
  9. ^ "Sister Cities". Retrieved 26 February 2016. 

External links

  • Government website of Huizhou (in Chinese)
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Huizhou&oldid=814772629"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huizhou
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Huizhou"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA