Hove (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 50°50′02″N 0°10′30″W / 50.834°N 0.175°W / 50.834; -0.175

Hove
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hove in East Sussex.
Outline map
Location of East Sussex within England.
County East Sussex
Electorate 71,181 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of parliament Peter Kyle (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Brighton and Lewes[2]
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Hove is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Labour's Peter Kyle.

Boundaries

1950-1983: The County Borough of Hove, and the Urban District of Portslade-by-Sea.

1983-2010: The Borough of Hove.

2010–present: The City of Brighton and Hove wards of Brunswick and Adelaide, Central Hove, Goldsmid, Hangleton and Knoll, North Portslade, South Portslade, Stanford, Westbourne, and Wish.

The constituency covers Hove and Portslade in the city of Brighton and Hove.

Constituency profile

The settlement of Hove is an economically active seaside resort which is both a commuter town and centred in an area of high local employment, stretching from Portsmouth to London Gatwick Airport. The seat acted as a bellwether of the national result between 1979 and 2015.

History

It was not until the 1950 general election, when major boundary changes occurred in Brighton, that Hove acquired a parliamentary seat of its own, having previously been in the former two-seat Brighton constituency. Hove was a Conservative stronghold until the 1997 general election, when the Labour Party saw a landslide parliamentary victory and with it, like in Greater London, wide success on the developed East Sussex coast.[n 1]

Labour retained the seat, though with narrow majorities, at the 2001 and 2005 general elections. The Liberal Democrats including their two predecessor parties amassed their largest share of the vote in 2010 at 22.6% of the vote. Mike Weatherley, a Conservative, regained the seat at the 2010 general election. Weatherley stood down after one term, and the 2015 election saw Peter Kyle regain the seat for Labour on a 3.1% swing. [3] The 2015 result gave the seat the 14th-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[4] Kyle was reelected in 2017 by a margin of 32.6%, a 15.1% swing to Labour; this was not only the biggest margin Labour had ever won Hove by, but the largest margin any MP for Hove had won since 1987. Notably, Kyle's Conservative opponent was reportedly linked to a church that was accused of supporting conversion therapy, a particularly damaging accusation in Brighton and Hove, an area with a 11-15% lesbian, gay or bisexual population, and in contrast to Kyle, a gay man himself. Thus, the Conservative Party polled its lowest number of votes since 2005 and recorded their lowest percentage of the vote (31.6%) in the constituency since its creation. [5] Turnout at the 2017 General Election was 77.6%, the highest turnout in the seat at a General Election since 1950.

Members of Parliament

Election Member[6] Party
1950 Anthony Marlowe Conservative
1965 by-election Martin Maddan Conservative
1973 by-election Tim Sainsbury Conservative
1997 Ivor Caplin Labour
2005 Celia Barlow Labour
2010 Mike Weatherley Conservative
2015 Peter Kyle Labour

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2017: Hove[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Peter Kyle 36,942 64.1 +21.8
Conservative Kristy Adams 18,185 31.6 -8.3
Liberal Democrat Carrie Hynds 1,311 2.3 -1.3
Green Phelim MacCafferty 971 1.7 -5.1
Independent Charley Sabel 187 0.3
Majority 18,757 32.6 +30.2
Turnout 57,596 77.6 +6.6
Labour hold Swing +15.1
General Election 2015: Hove[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Peter Kyle[10] 22,082 42.3 +9.3
Conservative Graham Cox[11] 20,846 39.9 +3.2
Green Christopher Hawtree[12] 3,569 6.8 +1.7
UKIP Kevin Smith[13][14] 3,265 6.3 +3.8
Liberal Democrat Peter Lambell[15] 1,861 3.6 −19.0
Independent Jenny Barnard-Langston 322 0.6 N/A
TUSC Dave Hill 144 0.3 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Dame Jon Dixon[16] 125 0.2 N/A
Majority 1,236 2.4
Turnout 52,214 71.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 3.1
General Election 2010: Hove[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mike Weatherley 18,294 36.7 +0.2
Labour Celia Barlow 16,426 33.0 −4.5
Liberal Democrat Paul Elgood 11,240 22.6 +4.7
Green Ian Davey 2,568 5.2 −0.5
UKIP Paul Perrin 1,206 2.4 +1.1
Independent Brian Ralfe 85 0.2 +0.1
Majority 1,868 3.7
Turnout 49,819 69.5 +5.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +2.4

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Hove[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Celia Barlow 16,786 37.5 −8.4
Conservative Nick Boles 16,366 36.5 −1.8
Liberal Democrat Paul Elgood 8,002 17.9 +8.8
Green Anthea P. Ballam 2,575 5.7 +2.4
UKIP Stuart N. Bower 575 1.3 +0.4
Respect Paddy O'Keefe 268 0.6 +0.6
Independent Bob Dobbs 95 0.2 N/A
Silent Majority Party Richard Franklin 78 0.2 N/A
Independent Brian Ralfe 51 0.1 N/A
Majority 420 0.9 N/A
Turnout 44,796 64.1 +5.2
Labour hold Swing 3.3
General Election 2001: Hove[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ivor Caplin 19,253 45.9 +1.3
Conservative Jenny M. Langston 16,082 38.3 +1.9
Liberal Democrat Harold De Souza 3,823 9.1 −0.5
Green Anthea P. Ballam 1,369 3.3 +1.9
Socialist Alliance Andy K. Richards 531 1.3 N/A
UKIP Richard Franklin 358 0.9 +0.4
Liberal Nigel R. Donovan 316 0.8 N/A
Free Party Simon Dobbshead 196 0.5 N/A
Independent Thomas S. Major 60 0.1 N/A
Majority 3,171 7.6
Turnout 41,988 58.9 −10.7
Labour hold Swing -0.3

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: Hove[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ivor Caplin 21,458 44.6 +20.1
Conservative Robert Guy 17,499 36.4 −12.6
Liberal Democrat Thomas Pearce 4,645 9.7 −9.7
Referendum Stuart R. Field 1,931 4.0 N/A
Independent Conservative John P. Furness 1,735 3.6 −1.7
Green Philip A.T. Mulligan 644 1.3 −0.3
UKIP J.E. Vause 209 0.4 N/A
Majority 3,959 8.2
Turnout 48,121 69.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 16.4
General Election 1992: Hove[21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Sainsbury 24,525 49.0 −9.9
Labour Donald Turner 12,257 24.5 +6.2
Liberal Democrat Anne F. Jones 9,709 19.4 −2.4
Independent Conservative John P. Furness 2,658 5.3 N/A
Green Gordon S. Sinclair 814 1.6 N/A
Natural Law John H. Morilly 126 0.3 N/A
Majority 12,268 24.5 −12.5
Turnout 50,089 74.1 +6.4
Conservative hold Swing −8.0

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1987: Hove[23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Sainsbury 28,952 58.8 −1.7
Social Democratic Margaret Collins 10,734 21.8 N/A
Labour Donald Turner 9,010 18.3 +4.4
Spare the Earth Thomas Layton 522 1.1 0
Majority 18,218 37.0
Turnout 49,218 67.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Hove[25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Sainsbury 28,628 60.5 +0.4
Liberal T.J.V. Beamish 11,409 24.1 +6.7
Labour Chris Wright 6,550 13.9 -7.6
Spare the Earth Thomas Layton 524 1.1 N/A
Modern Democratic Party K.H. Lillie 189 0.4 N/A
Majority 17,219 36.4
Turnout 47,300 65.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1979: Hove[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Sainsbury 30,256 60.1
Labour B. R. Fitch 10,807 21.5
Liberal J. M. M. Walsh 8,771 17.4
National Front F. Sheridan 508 1.0 N/A
Majority 19,449 38.6
Turnout 50,342 71.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Hove[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Sainsbury 27,345 53.6
Liberal J. M. M. Walsh 12,469 24.5
Labour L. E. Hamilton 11,179 21.9
Majority 14,876 29.2
Turnout 50,993 69.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Hove[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Sainsbury 30,451 54.2
Liberal Des Wilson 18,942 33.7
Labour R. A. Wallis 6,374 11.3
National Front Ted Budden 442 0.8
Majority 11,509 20.5
Turnout 56,209 77.4
Conservative hold Swing
By-election 1973: Hove[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Sainsbury 22,070 47.9 -20.9
Liberal Des Wilson 17,224 37.4 N/A
Labour Ronald Wallis 5,335 11.6 - 19.7
National Front John Harrison-Broadley[31] 1,409 3.1 N/A
Marxist-Leninist (England) Carole Reakes 128 0.3 N/A
Majority 4,846 10.5 -26.9
Turnout 46,038
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Hove[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Martin Maddan 34,287 68.7
Labour David G. Nicholas 15,639 31.3
Majority 18,648 37.4
Turnout 49,926 66.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General Election 1966: Hove [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Martin Maddan 28,799 57.2 -11.2
Labour Trevor Williams 12,909 25.7 -6.6
Liberal Oliver Moxon 8,037 16.0 N/A
Independent Max Cossmann 574 1.1 N/A
Majority 15,890 31.6 -5.2
Turnout 50,319 72.1 +13.9
Conservative hold Swing -4.7
Hove by-election, 1965 [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Martin Maddan 25,339 62.0 -6.4
Labour Thomas James Marsh 8,387 21.0 -10.6
Liberal Oliver Moxon 6,867 16.7 N/A
Independent Max Cossman 121 0.3 N/A
Majority 16,952 41.0 +4.2
Turnout 40,714 58.2 -11.4
Conservative hold Swing +2.1
General Election 1964: Hove [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Marlowe 32,923 68.4 -6.4
Labour Thomas James Marsh 15,214 32.3 +6.4
Majority 17,709 36.8 –12.8
Turnout 48,137 69.6 -2.6
Conservative hold Swing -6.4

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1959: Hove
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Marlowe 36,150 74.76
Labour Thomas James Marsh 12,206 25.24
Majority 23,944 49.52
Turnout 48,356 72.15
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Hove
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Marlowe 34,314 74.15
Labour Harry F. Parker 11,961 25.85
Majority 22,353 48.30
Turnout 46,275 70.96
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Hove
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Marlowe 37,230 74.22
Labour Alfred D. Bermel 12,934 25.78
Majority 24,296 48.43
Turnout 50,164 77.40
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Hove
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Marlowe 33,748 66.92
Labour Finlay R. Rea 11,791 23.38
Liberal John Richard Colclough 4,893 9.70
Majority 21,957 43.54
Turnout 50,432 81.93
Conservative hold Swing

See also

Notes

  1. ^ (Brighton Kemptown, Brighton Pavilion, Hastings and Rye also were won by candidates for New Labour

References

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1985-1972. Chichester, Sussex: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0-900178-09-4. 
  3. ^ "Electoral Commission - Previous UK general elections". www.electoralcommission.org.uk. 
  4. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  5. ^ "Conservative candidate Kirsty Adams linked to 'gay cure' church that 'casts out demons', The Independent, Sunday 21 May 2017". www.independent.co.uk.  Retrieved 2017-06-13.
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 4)
  7. ^ "General election latest – 14 candidates stand for the three seats in Brighton and Hove". Brighton and Hove News. Retrieved 12 May 2017. 
  8. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election results for Hove". city council web site. Brighton & Hove Council. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  10. ^ http://brightonhovelabour.com/2013/06/15/dr-peter-kyle-selected-as-labours-parliamentary-candidate-for-hove-and-portslade/
  11. ^ "The Conservative Party". 
  12. ^ http://www.brightonhovegreens.org/news/two-experienced-campaigners-stand-for-parliament.html
  13. ^ Mills, William (18 December 2014). "UKIP Selects Hove Candidate-Race Is On - THE NEWS". 
  14. ^ "News - Brighton & Hove Independent". brightonandhoveindependent.co.uk. 
  15. ^ http://liberalbrighton.org/information.php?id=444
  16. ^ "Hove". YourNextMP. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  23. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  24. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  25. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  26. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  27. ^ "UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  28. ^ "UK General Election results: October 1974 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  29. ^ "UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  30. ^ "1973 By Elections". 24 October 2009. Archived from the original on 24 October 2009. 
  31. ^ http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/byelections70/hove73/harrison.html&date=2009-10-25+16:46:41
  32. ^ "UK General Election results 1970 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  33. ^ a b c The Times House of Commons, 1966

Sources

  • Election result, 2005 (BBC)
  • Election results, 1997 – 2001 (BBC)
  • Election results, 1997 – 2001 (Election Demon)
  • Election results, 1983 – 1992 (Election Demon)
  • Election results, 1992 – 2005 (Guardian)
  • Election results, 1951 – 2001 (Keele University)
  • F. W. S. Craig. British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973. (ISBN 0-900178-07-8)
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