House of Representatives of the Philippines

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House of Representatives of the Philippines

Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas
Cámara de Representantes de Filipinas
18th Congress of the Philippines
Seal of the House of Representatives
Seal of the House of Representatives
Flag of the House of Representatives
Flag of the House of Representatives
Type
Type
Term limits
3 consecutive terms (9 years)
Leadership
Alan Peter Cayetano (Nacionalista)
since July 22, 2019
Benny Abante (Asenso Manileño)
since July 22, 2019
Structure
Seats 303 representatives
243 from geographical districts
60 party-list representatives
Philippines House of Representatives-2019.svg
Political groups
Majority bloc (271)

Minority bloc (30)

Crossbench (2)

Committees 58 standing committees and 14 special committees
Length of term
3 years
Authority Article VI, Constitution of the Philippines
Elections
Parallel voting
Last election
May 13, 2019
Next election
2022
Redistricting Districts are redistricted by Congress after each census (has never been done since 1987)
By statute (most frequent method)
Meeting place
2011 Philippine State of the Nation Address.jpg
Batasang Pambansa Complex
Batasan Hills, Quezon City,
Philippines
Website
House of Representatives of the Philippines

The House of Representatives of the Philippines (Filipino: Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas, Spanish: Cámara de Representantes de Filipinas) is the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines. It is commonly referred to as Congress and informally referred to as the Cámara or Kamara.

Members of the House are officially styled as representative (Kinatawan) and sometimes informally called Congressmen or Congresswomen (mga kongresista) and are elected to a three-year term. They can be re-elected, but cannot serve more than three consecutive terms. Around eighty percent of congressmen are district representatives, representing a particular geographical area. The 18th Congress has 243[1] legislative districts, each composed of about 250,000 people. There are also party-list representatives elected through the party-list system who constitute not more than twenty percent of the total number of representatives.

Aside from needing its agreement to every bill in order to be sent for the President's signature to become law, the House of Representatives has power to impeach certain officials and all money bills must originate from the lower house.

The House of Representatives is headed by the Speaker, currently Alan Peter Cayetano of Taguig-Pateros. The Speaker of the House is the third in the presidential line of succession, after the Vice President and Senate President. The official headquarters of the House of Representatives is at the Batasang Pambansa (literally, national legislature) located in the Batasan Hills in Quezon City in Metro Manila. The building is often simply called Batasan and the word has also become a metonym to refer to the House of Representatives.

History

Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines
Joint session of the Philippine Legislature, Manila. November 15, 1916
Philippine legislature before 1924
Party control of the lower house. Notice the one-party dominance of the Nacionalistas from 1907 to 1941, the two-party system with the emergence of the Liberal Party in 1946, the return of one-party dominance by the KBL from 1978 to 1984, and the multiparty system from 1987 to the present.
Same as above, but in cumulative seat totals, instead of percentages.

Philippine Assembly

At the beginning of American colonial rule, from March 16, 1900, the sole national legislative body was the Philippine Commission with all members appointed by the President of the United States. Headed by the Governor-General of the Philippines the body exercised all legislative authority given to it by the President and the United States Congress until October 1907 when it was joined by the Philippine Assembly. William Howard Taft was chosen to be the first American civilian Governor-General and the first leader of this Philippine Commission, which subsequently became known as the Taft Commission.

The Philippine Bill of 1902, a basic law, or organic act, of the Insular Government, mandated that once certain conditions were met a bicameral, or two-chamber, Philippine Legislature would be created with the previously existing, all-appointed Philippine Commission as the upper house and the Philippine Assembly as the lower house. This bicameral legislature was inaugurated in October 1907. Under the leadership of Speaker Sergio Osmeña and Floor Leader Manuel L. Quezon, the Rules of the 59th United States Congress was substantially adopted as the Rules of the Philippine Legislature. Osmeña and Quezon led the Nacionalista Party, with a platform of independence from the United States, into successive electoral victories against the Progresista Party and later the Democrata Party, which first advocated United States statehood, then opposed immediate independence.

It is this body, founded as the Philippine Assembly, that would continue in one form or another, and with a few different names, up until the present day.

Jones Act of 1916

In 1916, the Jones Act, officially the Philippine Autonomy Act, changed the legislative system. The Philippine Commission was abolished and a new fully elected, bicameral Philippine Legislature consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate was established. The Nacionalistas continued their electoral dominance at this point, although they were split into two factions led by Osmeña and Quezon; the two reconciled in 1924, and controlled the Assembly via a virtual dominant-party system.

Commonwealth and the Third Republic

The legislative system was changed again in 1935. The 1935 Constitution established a unicameral National Assembly. But in 1940, through an amendment to the 1935 Constitution, a bicameral Congress of the Philippines consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate was adopted.

Upon the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines in 1946, Republic Act No. 6 was enacted providing that on the date of the proclamation of the Republic of the Philippines, the existing Congress would be known as the First Congress of the Republic. The "Liberal bloc" of the Nacionalistas permanently split from their ranks, creating the Liberal Party. These two will contest all of the elections in what appeared to be a two-party system. The party of the ruling president wins the elections in the House of Representatives; in cases where the party of the president and the majority of the members of the House of Representatives are different, a sufficient enough number will break away and join the party of the president, thereby ensuring that the president will have control of the House of Representatives.

Martial Law

This set up continued until President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law and abolished Congress. He would rule by decree even after the 1973 Constitution abolished the bicameral Congress and created a unicameral Batasang Pambansa parliamentary system of government, as parliamentary election would not occur in 1978. Marcos' Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL; New Society Movement) won all of the seats except those from the Central Visayas ushering in an era of KBL dominance, which will continue until the People Power Revolution overthrew Marcos in 1986.

1987 Constitution

The 1987 Constitution restored the presidential system of government together with a bicameral Congress of the Philippines. One deviation from the previous setup was the introduction of the mid-term election; however, the dynamics of the House of Representatives resumed its pre-1972 state, with the party of the president controlling the chamber, although political pluralism ensued that prevented the restoration of the old Nacionalista-Liberal two-party system. Instead, a multi-party system evolved.

Corazon Aquino who nominally had no party, supported the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP; Struggle of the Democratic Filipinos). With the victory of Fidel V. Ramos in the 1992 presidential election, many representatives defected to his Lakas-NUCD party; the same would happen with Joseph Estrada's victory in 1998, but he lost support when he was ousted after the 2001 EDSA Revolution that brought his vice president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to power. This also meant the restoration of Lakas-NUCD as the top party in the chamber. The same would happen when Benigno Aquino won in 2010, which returned the Liberals into power.

The presiding officer is the Speaker. Unlike the Senate President, the Speaker usually serves the entire term of Congress, although there had been instances when the Speaker left office due to conflict with the president: examples include Jose de Venecia Jr.'s resignation as speaker in 2008 when his son Joey de Venecia exposed alleged corrupt practices by First Gentleman Mike Arroyo, and Manny Villar's ouster occurred after he allowed the impeachment of President Estrada in 2000.

Officers

The members of the House of Representatives who are also its officers are also ex officio members of all of the committees and have a vote.

Speaker

The Speaker is the head of the House of Representatives. He presides over the session; decides on all questions of order, subject to appeal by any member; signs all acts, resolutions, memorials, writs, warrants and subpoenas issued by or upon order of the House; appoints, suspends, dismisses or disciplines House personnel; and exercise administrative functions.

The speaker is elected by majority of all the members of the house, including vacant seats. The speaker is traditionally elected at the convening of each Congress. Before a speaker is elected, the House's sergeant-at-arms sits as the "Presiding Officer" until a speaker is elected. Compared to the Senate President, the unseating of an incumbent speaker is rarer.

As of July 2019, the incumbent speaker is Alan Peter Cayetano (Nacionalista Party) of Taguig City-Pateros.

Deputy Speakers

There was a position of speaker pro tempore for congresses prior the reorganization of the officers of the House of Representatives during the 10th Congress in 1995. The speaker pro tempore was the next highest position in the House after the speaker.

The position was replaced by deputy speakers in 1995. Originally, there was one Deputy Speaker for each island group of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Then, in 2001 during the 12th Congress, a Deputy Speaker "at large" was created. In the next Congress, another "at large" deputy speakership was created, along with a Deputy Speaker for women. In the 15th Congress starting in 2010, all six deputy speakers are "at large".

The deputy speakers perform the speaker's role when the speaker is absent. Currently in the 16th Congress, the deputy speakers represent the chamber at-large.

The Deputy Speakers are:

Elected last 22 July 2019

Majority Floor Leader

The majority leader, aside from being the spokesman of the majority party, is to direct the deliberations on the floor. The Majority Leader is also concurrently the Chairman of the Committee on Rules. The majority leader is elected in a party caucus of the ruling majority party.

The incumbent majority floor leader is Ferdinand Martin G. Romualdez (Lakas-CMD) of Leyte's First district.

Minority Floor Leader

The minority leader is the spokesman of the minority party in the House and is an ex-officio member of all standing Committees. The minority leader is elected in party caucus of all Members of the House in the minority party, although by tradition, the losing candidate for speaker is named the minority leader.

The incumbent minority floor leader is Bienvinido M. Abante Jr. (Asenso Manileño) of Manila's 6th District.

Secretary General

The secretary general enforces orders and decisions of the House; keeps the Journal of each session; notes all questions of order, among other things. The secretary general presides over the chamber at the first legislative session after an election, and is elected by a majority of the members.

As of 22 July 2019, Atty. Jose Luis Montales is the Secretary General of the House of Representatives.

Sergeant-at-Arms

The Sergeant-at-Arms is responsible for the maintenance of order in the House of Representatives, among other things. Like the Secretary General, the Sergeant-at-Arms is elected by a majority of the members.

As of 22 July 2019, Retired Police Deputy Director General Ramon Apolinario is the Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Representatives.

Membership

There are two types of congressmen: those who represent geographic districts, and those who represent certain sectors. The first-past-the-post (simple plurality voting) method is used to determine who represents each of the 238 geographic districts. The sectoral representatives are elected via the party-list system. The sectoral representatives should always comprise 20% of the seats.

Originally set at 200 in the ordinance of the constitution, the number of districts has grown to 238. All of the new districts are via created via piecemeal redistricting of the then existing 200 districts, and via the creation of new provinces and cities. The constitution gave Congress to nationally redistrict the country after the release of every census, but this has not been done. The newest congressional district in the country is Cebu's 7th district, via the passage of Republic Act No. 10684.

The original 200 districts meant that there should have been 50 party-list representatives. However, the constitution did not give the specifics on how party-list congressmen should have been elected. This led to presidents appointing sectoral representatives, which were then approved by the Commission on Appointments; only a handful of sectoral representatives were seated in this way. The first party-list election was in 1998; with the 2% election threshold, a 3-seat cap and tens of parties participating, this led to only about a fraction of the party-list seats being distributed. Eventually, there had been several Supreme Court decisions changing the way the winning seats are distributed, ensuring that all party-list seats are filled up.

As there are 243 congressional districts, there are 60 party-list representatives, for a total of 303 congressmen.

District representation

Congressional districts

Eighty percent of representatives shall come from congressional districts, with each district returning one representative. Although each district should have a population of at least 250,000 people, all provinces have at least one legislative district, regardless of population, whose residents vote for their own congressman; several cities have representation of their own, independent of provinces, although they should have at least a population of 250,000. For provinces that have more than one legislative district, the provincial districts are identical to the corresponding legislative district, with the exclusion of cities that do not vote for provincial officials.

The representatives from the districts comprise at most 80% of the members of the House; therefore, for a party to have a majority of seats in the House, the party needs to win at least 60% of the district seats. No party since the approval of the 1987 constitution has been able to win a majority of seats, hence coalitions are not uncommon.

Legislative districts in provinces

Notes

  1. ^ The independent city of Butuan remains part of Agusan del Norte's congressional representation.
  2. ^ The component cities of Batangas and Lipa are officially known as the 5th and 6th Districts of Batangas, respectively.
  3. ^ The component city of San Jose del Monte is represented separately from Bulacan, but remains as part of the province's 1st District for the purpose of electing Sangguniang Panlalawigan members.
  4. ^ The independent city of Naga remains part of Camarines Sur's congressional representation.
  5. ^ The component cities of Bacoor, Dasmariñas, General Trias and Imus are officially known as the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 3rd Districts of Cavite, respectively.
  6. ^ The independent city of Mandaue remains part of Cebu's congressional representation until 2022.
  7. ^ The independent city of Santiago remains part of Isabela's congressional representation.
  8. ^ The component cities of Biñan and Calamba are represented separately from Laguna, but remains as part of the province's 1st and 2nd Districts, respectively, for the purpose of electing Sangguniang Panlalawigan members.
  9. ^ The independent cities of Ormoc and Tacloban remain part of Leyte's congressional representation.
  10. ^ The independent city of Cotabato remains part of Maguindanao's congressional representation.
  11. ^ The independent city of Puerto Princesa remains part of Palawan's congressional representation.
  12. ^ The independent city of Angeles remains part of Pampanga's congressional representation.
  13. ^ The independent city of Dagupan remains part of Pangasinan's congressional representation.
  14. ^ The independent city of Lucena remains part of Quezon's congressional representation.
  15. ^ The component city of Antipolo is represented separately from Rizal, but returns one member from each of its districts to the province's Sangguniang Panlalawigan.
  16. ^ The independent city of Olongapo remains part of Zambales's congressional representation.

Legislative districts in cities

Party-list representation

The party-list system is the name designated for party-list representation. Under the 1987 Constitution, the electorate can vote for certain party-list organizations in order to give voice to significant minorities of society that would otherwise not be adequately represented through geographical district. From 1987–1998, party-list representatives were appointed by the President.

Since 1998, each voter votes for a single party-list organization. Organizations that garner at least 2% of the total number of votes are awarded one representative for every 2% up to a maximum of three representatives. Thus, there can be at most 50 party-list representatives in Congress, though usually no more than 20 are elected because many organizations do not reach the required 2% minimum number of votes.

After the 2007 election, in a controversial decision, the Supreme Court ordered the COMELEC to change how it allocates the party-list seats. Under the new formula only one party will have the maximum 3 seats. It based its decision on a formula contained in the VFP vs. COMELEC decision. In 2009, in the BANAT vs. COMELEC decision, it was changed anew in which parties with less than 2% of the vote were given seats to fulfill the 20% quota as set forth in the constitution.

Aside from determining which party won and allocating the number of seats won per party, another point of contention was whether the nominees should be a member of the marginalized group they are supposed to represent; in the Ang Bagong Bayani vs. COMELEC decision, the Supreme Court not only ruled that the nominees should be a member of the marginalized sector, but it also disallowed major political parties from participating in the party-list election. However, on the BANAT decision, the court ruled hat since the law didn't specify who belongs to a marginalized sector, the court allowed anyone to be a nominee as long as the nominee as a member of the party (not necessarily the marginalized group the party is supposed to represent).

Redistricting

Population of each congressional district in the Philippines. Districts shaded with blue hues have less than 250,000 people, those shaded green are just over 250,000, yellow and orange are more than 250,000, and the those shaded red can be split into two or more districts.

Congress is mandated to reapportion the legislative districts within three years following the return of every census.[2] Since its restoration in 1987, Congress has not passed any general apportionment law, despite the publication of six censuses in 1990, 1995, 2000, 2007, 2010 and 2015.[3] The increase in the number of representative districts since 1987 were mostly due to the creation of new provinces, cities, and piecemeal redistricting of certain provinces and cities.

The apportionment of congressional districts is not dependent upon a specially-mandated independent government body, but rather through Republic Acts which are drafted by members of Congress. Therefore, apportionment often can be influenced by political motivations. Incumbent representatives who are not permitted by law to serve after three consecutive terms sometimes resort to dividing their district, or even creating a new province which will be guaranteed a seat, just so that their allies be able to run, while "switching offices" with them. Likewise, politicians whose political fortunes are likely to be jeopardized by any change in district boundaries may delay or even ignore the need for reapportionment.

Since 1987, the creation of some new congressional districts have been met with controversy, especially due to incumbent political clans and their allies benefiting from the new district arrangements. Some of these new congressional districts are tied to the creation of a new province, because such an act necessarily entails the creation of a new congressional district.

  • Creation of Davao Occidental, 2013: The rival Cagas and Bautista clans dominate politics in the province of Davao del Sur; their members have been elected as congressional representatives for the first and second districts of the province since 1987. However, the province's governorship has been in contest between the two clans in recent years: Claude Bautista, the current governor, was elected in 2013; before that Douglas Cagas served as governor from 2007 to 2013, after succeeding Benjamin Bautista Jr. who served from 2002 to 2007.[4] Supporters of both clans have been subjected to political violence, prompting the police to put the province of Davao del Sur in the election watchlist.[5] The law which created Davao Occidental, Republic Act No. 10360, was co-authored by House Representatives Marc Douglas Cagas IV and Franklin Bautista as House Bill 4451; the creation of the new province is seen as a way to halt the "often violent" political rivalry between the clans by ensuring that the Cagas and Bautista clans have separate domains.[5]
  • Reapportionment of Camarines Sur, 2009: A new congressional district was created within Camarines Sur under Republic Act No. 9716, which resulted in the reduction of the population of the province's first district to below the Constitutional ideal of 250,000 inhabitants. The move was seen as a form of political accommodation that would (and ultimately did) prevent two allies of then-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo from running in the same district. Rolando Andaya, who was on his third term as congressman for the first district, was appointed Budget Secretary in 2006; his plans to run as representative of the same district in 2010 put him in direct competition with Diosdado Macapagal-Arroyo, the president's youngest son, who was also seeking re-election. Then-Senator Noynoy Aquino challenged the constitutionality of the law but the Supreme Court of the Philippines ultimately ruled that the creation of the new district was constitutional.[6]
  • Creation of Dinagat Islands, 2007: The separation of Dinagat Islands from Surigao del Norte has further solidified the hold of the Ecleo clan over the impoverished and typhoon-prone area, which remains among the poorest provinces in the country.[7]

Most populous legislative districts

Currently the district with the lowest population is the lone district of Batanes, with only 17,246 inhabitants in 2015. The most populous congressional district, the 1st District of Caloocan City, has around 69 times more inhabitants. Data below reflect the district boundaries for the 2019 elections, and the population counts from the 2015 census.[8]

Rank Legislative district Population (2015)
1 1st District of Caloocan City 1,193,419
2 2nd District of Rizal 1,070,852
3 1st District of Rizal 1,036,989
4 1st District of Maguindanao 821,475
5 1st District of Pampanga 775,580
6 Lone district of Pasig City 755,300
7 4th District of Bulacan 746,699
8 1st District of Bulacan 717,820
9 1st District of Cebu 709,660
10 4th District of Bulacan 707,207

Underrepresentation

Persons per representative per province or city in the House of Representatives: Provinces (blue) and cities (red) are arranged in descending order of population from Cavite to Batanes (provinces) and from Quezon City to San Juan (cities).
Persons per representative from 1903 to 2007. The last nationwide apportionment act was the ordinance to the 1987 constitution, which was based on the 1980 census.

Because of the lack of a nationwide reapportionment after the publication of every census since the Constitution was promulgated in 1987, faster-growing provinces and cities have become severely underrepresented. Each legislative district is ideally supposed to encompass a population of 250,000.[9]

Powers

The House of Representatives is modeled after the United States House of Representatives; the two chambers of Congress have roughly equal powers, and every bill or resolution that has to go through both houses needs the consent of both chambers before being passed for the president's signature. Once a bill is defeated in the House of Representatives, it is lost. Once a bill is approved by the House of Representatives on third reading, the bill is passed to the Senate, unless an identical bill has also been passed by the lower house. When a counterpart bill in the Senate is different from the one passed by the House of Representatives, either a bicameral conference committee is created consisting of members from both chambers of Congress to reconcile the differences, or either chamber may instead approve the other chamber's version.

Just like most lower houses, money bills, originate in the House of Representatives, but the Senate may still propose or concur with amendments, same with bills of local application and private bills. The House of Representatives has the sole power to initiate impeachment proceedings, and may impeach an official by a vote of one-third of its members. Once an official is impeached, the Senate tries that official.

Seat

The 2nd Philippine Legislature convened at The Mansion in Baguio in 1921.

The Batasang Pambansa Complex (National Legislature) at Quezon City is the seat of the House of Representatives since its restoration in 1987; it took its name from the Batasang Pambansa, the national parliament which convened there from 1978 to 1986.

The Philippine Legislature was inaugurated at the Manila Grand Opera House at 1907, then it conducted business at the Ayuntamiento in Intramuros. Governor-General Leonard Wood summoned the 2nd Philippine Legislature at Baguio and convened at The Mansion in Baguio for three weeks. The legislature returned to the Ayutamiento, as the Legislative Building was being constructed; it first convened there on July 26, 1926. The House of Representatives continued to occupy the second floor until 1945 when the area was shelled during the Battle of Manila. The building was damaged beyond repair and Congress convened at the Old Japanese Schoolhouse at Lepanto[10] (modern-day S. H. Loyola) Street, Manila until the Legislative Building can be occupied again in 1949. Congress stayed at the Legislative Building, by now called the Congress Building, until President Marcos shut Congress and ruled by decree starting in 1972.[11]

Marcos then oversaw the construction of the new home of parliament at Quezon City, which convened in 1978. The parliament, called the Batasang Pambansa continued to sit there until the passage of the 1986 Freedom Constitution. The House of Representatives inherited the Batasang Pambansa Complex in 1987.

Batasang Pambansa Complex

The Batasang Pambansa Complex, now officially called the House of Representatives Building Complex, is at the National Government Center, Constitution Hills, Quezon City. Accessible via Commonwealth Avenue, the complex consists of four buildings. The Main Building hosts the session hall; the North and South wings, inaugurated in December 1977, are attached to it. The newest building, the Ramon Mitra, Jr. Building, was completed in 2001. It houses the Legislative Library, the Committee offices, the Reference and Research Bureau, and the Conference Rooms.[12]

Current composition

The members of the House of Representatives, aside from being grouped into political parties, are also grouped into the "majority bloc", "minority bloc" and "independents" (different from the independent in the sense that they are not affiliated into a political party). Originally, members who voted for the winning Speaker belong to the majority and members who voted for the opponent are the minority. The majority and minority bloc are to elect amongst themselves a floor leader. While members are allowed to switch blocs, they must do so in writing. Also, the bloc where they intend to transfer shall accept their application through writing. When the bloc the member ought to transfer refuses to accept the transferring member, or a member does not want to be a member of either bloc, that member becomes an independent member. A member that transfers to a new bloc forfeits one's committee chairmanships and memberships, until the bloc the member transfers to elects the member to committees.

The membership in each committee should be in proportion to the size of each bloc, with each bloc deciding who amongst them who will go to each committee, upon a motion by the floor leader concerned to the House of Representatives in plenary. The Speaker, Deputy Speakers, floor leaders, deputy floor leaders and the chairperson of the Committee on Accounts can vote in committees; the committee chairperson can only vote to break a tie.

To ensure that the representatives each get their pork barrel, most of them will join the majority bloc, or even to the president's party, as basis of patronage politics (known as the Padrino System locally); thus, the House of Representatives always aligns itself with the party of the sitting president.

The majority bloc sits at the right side of the speaker, facing the House of Representatives.

Composition of the House of Representatives in the 18th Congress
Eighteenth Congress representation map of the Philippines

District Representatives

Province/City District Representative Party Term Bloc
Abra Lone JB Bernos Nacionalista/Asenso 2 Majority
Agusan del Norte 1st Lawrence Lemuel Fortun Nacionalista 3 Minority
2nd Angelica Amante PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Agusan del Sur 1st Adolph Edward Plaza NUP 1 Majority
2nd Alfel Bascug NUP 1 Majority
Aklan 1st Carlito Marquez NPC 2 Majority
2nd Teodorico Haresco, Jr. Nacionalista 1 Majority
Albay 1st Edcel Lagman Liberal 2 Independent Minority
2nd Joey Salceda PDP-Laban 2 Majority
3rd Fernando Cabredo PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Antipolo 1st Roberto Puno NUP 1 Majority
2nd Resurreccion Acop NUP 1 Majority
Antique Lone Loren Legarda NPC 1 Majority
Apayao Lone Elias Bulut, Jr. NPC 1 Majority
Aurora Lone Rommel Rico Angara LDP 1 Majority
Bacolod Lone Greg Gasataya NPC 2 Majority
Baguio Lone Mark Go Nacionalista 2 Majority
Basilan Lone Mujiv Hataman Liberal 1 Majority
Bataan 1st Geraldine Roman PDP-Laban 2 Majority
2nd Jose Enrique Garcia III NUP 2 Majority
Batanes Lone Ciriaco Gato, Jr. NPC 1 Majority
Batangas 1st Eileen Ermita-Buhain Nacionalista 3 Majority
2nd Raneo Abu Nacionalista 3 Majority
3rd Maria Theresa Collantes PDP-Laban 2 Majority
4th Lianda Bolilia Nacionalista 2 Majority
5th Mario Vittorio Mariño Nacionalista 2 Majority
6th Vilma Santos-Recto Nacionalista 2 Majority
Benguet Lone Nestor Fongwan1 PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Biliran Lone Gerardo Espina, Jr. PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Biñan Lone Marlyn Alonte-Naguiat PDP-Laban 2 Majority
Bohol 1st Edgar Chatto Liberal 1 Majority
2nd Erico Aristotle Aumentado NPC 3 Majority
3rd Kristine Alexie Besas-Tutor Nacionalista 1 Majority
Bukidnon 1st Maria Lourdes Acosta-Alba Bukidnon Paglaum 3 Majority
2nd Johnathan Keith Flores PDP-Laban 1 Majority
3rd Manuel Zubiri Bukidnon Paglaum 2 Majority
4th Rogelio Neil Roque Nacionalista 3 Majority
Bulacan 1st Jose Antonio Sy-Alvarado NUP 2 Majority
2nd Gavini Pancho NUP 3 Majority
3rd Lorna Silverio NUP 2 Majority
4th Henry Villarica PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Cagayan 1st Ramon Nolasco, Jr. NUP 1 Majority
2nd Sam Vargas-Alfonso NUP 1 Majority
3rd Joseph Lara PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Cagayan de Oro 1st Rolando Uy PDP-Laban 3 Majority
2nd Rufus Rodriguez CDP 1 Majority
Calamba Lone Joaquin Chipeco, Jr. Nacionalista 3 Majority
Caloocan 1st Dale Malapitan PDP-Laban 2 Majority
2nd Edgar Erice Liberal 3 Majority
Camarines Norte 1st Josefina Tallado PDP-Laban 1 Majority
2nd Marisol Panotes PDP-Laban 2 Majority
Camarines Sur 1st Marissa Andaya NPC 1 Majority
2nd Luis Raymund Villafuerte Nacionalista 2 Majority
3rd Gabriel Bordado, Jr. Liberal 2 Minority
4th Arnulf Bryan Fuentebella NPC 1 Majority
5th Josal Fortuno Nacionalista 1 Majority
Camiguin Lone Xavier Jesus Romualdo PDP-Laban 3 Majority
Capiz 1st Emmanuel Billones Liberal 2 Majority
2nd Fredenil Castro Lakas 3 Majority
Catanduanes Lone Hector Sanchez Lakas 1 Majority
Cavite 1st Francis Gerald Abaya Liberal 3 Majority
2nd Strike Revilla NUP 2 Majority
3rd Alex Advincula NUP 3 Minority
4th Elpidio Barzaga, Jr. NUP 1 Majority
5th Dahlia Loyola NPC 1 Majority
6th Luis Ferrer IV NUP 3 Majority
7th Jesus Crispin Remulla Nacionalista 1 Majority
8th Abraham Tolentino NUP 3 Majority
Cebu 1st Eduardo Gullas Nacionalista[13] 1 Majority
2nd Wilfredo Caminero NUP 3 Majority
3rd Pablo John Garcia NUP/1-Cebu 1 Majority
4th Janice Salimbangon NUP/1-Cebu 1 Majority
5th Duke Frasco Lakas 1 Majority
6th Emmarie Lollipop Ouano-Dizon PDP-Laban 1 Majority
7th Peter John Calderon NPC 2 Majority
Cebu City 1st Raul del Mar Liberal 3 Majority
2nd Rodrigo Abellanosa LDP 3 Majority
Compostela Valley 1st Manuel Zamora HNP 1 Majority
2nd Ruwel Peter Gonzaga PDP-Laban 2 Majority
Cotabato 1st Joel Sacdalan PDP-Laban 1 Majority
2nd Rudy Caoagdan PDP-Laban 1 Majority
3rd Jose Tejada Nacionalista 3 Majority
Davao City 1st Paolo Duterte NUP/HTL 1 Majority
2nd Vincent Garcia HNP 1 Majority
3rd Isidro Ungab HNP 1 Majority
Davao del Norte 1st Pantaleon Alvarez PDP-Laban 2 Majority
2nd Alan Dujali PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Davao del Sur Lone Mercedes Cagas Nacionalista 3 Majority
Davao Occidental Lone Lorna Bautista-Bandigan NPC 2 Majority
Davao Oriental 1st Corazon Nuñez-Malanyaon Nacionalista 2 Majority
2nd Joel Mayo Almario PDP-Laban 2 Majority
Dinagat Islands Lone Alan Ecleo PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Eastern Samar Lone Maria Fe Abunda PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Guimaras Lone Lucille Nava PDP-Laban 2 Majority
Ifugao Lone Solomon Chungalao NPC 1 Majority
Iligan Lone Frederick Siao Nacionalista 2 Majority
Ilocos Norte 1st Ria Farinas PDP-Laban 1 Majority
2nd Eugenio Barba Nacionalista 1 Majority
Ilocos Sur 1st Deogracias Victor Savellano Nacionalista 2 Majority
2nd   Kristine Singson Bileg Ti Ilokano 1 Minority
Iloilo 1st Janette Garin Nacionalista 1 Minority
2nd Michael Gorriceta Nacionalista 1 Majority
3rd Lorenz Defensor PDP-Laban 1 Majority
4th Braeden John Biron Nacionalista 1 Majority
5th Raul Tupas Nacionalista 2 Majority
Iloilo City Lone Julienne Baronda NUP 1 Majority
Isabela 1st Antonio Albano NUP 1 Majority
2nd Ed Christopher Go Nacionalista 1 Majority
3rd Ian Dy NPC 1 Majority
4th Sheena Tan PFP 1 Majority
5th Faustino Michael Dy III PFP 1 Majority
6th Faustino Michael Dy V NUP 1 Majority
Kalinga Lone Allen Jesse Manaogang Nacionalista 2 Majority
La Union 1st Pablo Ortega NPC 2 Majority
2nd Sandra Eriguel PDP-Laban 2 Majority
Laguna 1st Danilo Fernandez PDP-Laban 1 Majority
2nd Ruth Hernandez Independent 1 Majority
3rd Sol Aragones Nacionalista 3 Majority
4th Benjamin Agarao PDP-Laban 3 Majority
Lanao del Norte 1st Mohammed Khalid Dimaporo PDP-Laban 2 Majority
2nd Abdullah Dimaporo NPC 3 Majority
Lanao del Sur 1st Ansaruddin Alonto Adiong Nacionalista 2 Majority
2nd Farouk Macarambon Jr. Nacionalista 1 Majority
Lapu-Lapu City Lone Paz Radaza Lakas 1 Majority
Las Piñas Lone Camille Villar Nacionalista 1 Majority
Leyte 1st Ferdinand Martin Romualdez Lakas 1 Majority
2nd Lolita Javier PFP 1 Majority
3rd Vicente Veloso NUP 2 Majority
4th Lucy Gomez PDP-Laban 3 Majority
5th Carl Cari PFP 1 Majority
Maguindanao 1st Datu Roonie Sinsuat Sr. PDP-Laban 1 Majority
2nd Esmael Mangudadatu PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Makati 1st Romulo "Kid" Peña Jr. Liberal 1 Majority
2nd Luis Campos Jr. NPC 2 Majority
Malabon Lone Josephine Lacson-Noel NPC 1 Majority
Mandaluyong Lone Neptali Gonzales II PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Manila 1st Manuel Luis Lopez NPC 2 Majority
2nd Rolando Valeriano NUP/Asenso Manileño 1 Majority
3rd Yul Servo NUP/Asenso Manileño 2 Majority
4th Edward Maceda PMP 2 Majority
5th Cristal Bagatsing PDP-Laban/KABAKA 2 Majority
6th Benny M. Abante NUP/Asenso Manileño 1 Minority
Marikina 1st Bayani Fernando NPC 2 Minority
2nd Stella Quimbo Liberal 1 Minority
Marinduque Lone Lord Allan Jay Velasco PDP-Laban 2 Majority
Masbate 1st Narciso Bravo Jr. NUP 1 Majority
2nd Elisa Olga Kho PDP-Laban 3 Majority
3rd Wilton Kho PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Misamis Occidental 1st Diego Ty NUP 1 Majority
2nd Henry Oaminal Nacionalista 3 Majority
Misamis Oriental 1st Christian Unabia Lakas 1 Majority
2nd Juliette Uy NUP 3 Majority
Mountain Province Lone Maximo Dalog Jr. Nacionalista 1 Majority
Muntinlupa Lone Ruffy Biazon PDP-Laban 2 Majority
Navotas Lone John Rey Tiangco Partido Navoteño 1 Majority
Negros Occidental 1st Gerardo Valmayor NPC 1 Majority
2nd Leo Rafael Cueva NUP 3 Majority
3rd Jose Francisco Benitez PDP-Laban 1 Majority
4th Juliet Marie Ferrer NUP 1 Majority
5th Ma. Lourdes Arroyo Lakas 1 Majority
6th Genaro Alvarez NPC 1 Majority
Negros Oriental 1st Jocelyn S. Limkaichong Liberal 2 Minority
2nd Manuel T. Sagarbarria NPC 2 Majority
3rd Arnolfo A. Teves Jr. PDP-Laban 2 Minority
Northern Samar 1st Paul Daza Liberal 1 Majority
2nd Jun Ong NUP 1 Majority
Nueva Ecija 1st Estrellita Suansing PDP-Laban 3 Majority
2nd Micaela Violago NUP 2 Majority
3rd Rosanna Vergara PDP-Laban 2 Majority
4th Maricel Natividad PRP 1 Majority
Nueva Vizcaya Lone Luisa Lloren Cuaresma NUP 2 Majority
Occidental Mindoro Lone Josephine Ramirez-Sato Liberal 3 Majority
Oriental Mindoro 1st Paulino Salvador Leachon PDP-Laban 3 Majority
2nd Alfonso Umali Jr. Liberal 1 Majority
Palawan 1st Franz Alvarez NUP 3 Majority
2nd   Cyrille Abueg PPP 1 Majority
3rd   Gil Acosta PPP 2 Majority
Pampanga 1st Carmelo Lazatin II PDP-Laban 2 Majority
2nd Mikey Arroyo Lakas 1 Majority
3rd Aurelio D. Gonzales Jr. PDP-Laban 2 Majority
4th Juan Pablo Bondoc PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Pangasinan 1st Noli Celeste Nacionalista 1 Majority
2nd Jumel Espino PDP-Laban 1 Majority
3rd Rosemarie Arenas PDP-Laban 3 Majority
4th Christopher de Venecia Lakas 2 Majority
5th Ramon Guico III Lakas 1 Majority
6th Tyrone Agabas NPC 1 Majority
Parañaque 1st Eric Olivarez PDP-Laban 3 Majority
2nd Joy Tambunting NUP 1 Majority
Pasay Lone Antonino Calixto PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Pasig Lone Roman Romulo Aksyon 1 Majority
Quezon 1st Mark Enverga NPC 1 Majority
2nd David Suarez Nacionalista 1 Majority
3rd Aleta Suarez Lakas 1 Majority
4th Helen Tan NPC 1 Majority
Quezon City 1st Anthony Peter Crisologo NUP 1 Majority
2nd Precious Castelo NPC 1 Majority
3rd Allan Benedict Reyes PFP 1 Majority
4th Jesus Manuel Suntay PDP-Laban 1 Majority
5th Alfred Vargas PDP-Laban 3 Majority
6th Jose Christopher Belmonte Liberal 3 Minority
Quirino Lone Junie Cua PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Rizal 1st Michael John Duavit NPC 2 Majority
2nd Fidel Nograles Lakas 1 Majority
Romblon Lone Emmanuel Madrona Nacionalista 1 Majority
Samar 1st Edgar Mary S. Sarmiento NUP 2 Majority
2nd Sharee Ann Tan PDP-Laban 1 Minority
San Jose del Monte Lone Florida Robes NUP 2 Majority
San Juan Lone Ronaldo Zamora PDP-Laban 3 Majority
Sarangani Lone Rogelio Pacquiao PDP-Laban 2 Majority
Siquijor Lone Jake Villa NPC 1 Majority
Sorsogon 1st Evelina Escudero NPC 3 Majority
2nd Ditas Ramos NPC 1 Majority
South Cotabato 1st Shirlyn Bañas-Nograles PDP-Laban 1 Majority
2nd Ferdinand Hernandez PDP-Laban 3 Majority
Southern Leyte Lone Roger Mercado Lakas 2 Majority
Sultan Kudarat 1st Bai Rihan Sakaluran NUP 1 Majority
2nd Horacio Suansing, Jr. NUP 2 Majority
Sulu 1st Samier Tan PDP-Laban 1 Majority
2nd Abdulmunir Arbison Nacionalista 3 Majority
Surigao del Norte 1st Francisco Jose Matugas II PDP-Laban 2 Majority
2nd Robert Ace Barbers Nacionalista 2 Majority
Surigao del Sur 1st Prospero Pichay, Jr. Lakas 2 Majority
2nd Johnny Pimentel PDP-Laban 2 Majority
TaguigPateros 1st Alan Peter Cayetano Nacionalista 1 Majority
Taguig 2nd Lani Cayetano Nacionalista 1 Majority
Tarlac 1st Charlie Cojuangco NPC 2 Majority
2nd Victor Yap NPC 2 Majority
3rd Noel Villanueva NPC 3 Majority
Tawi-Tawi Lone Rashid Matba PDP-Laban 2 Majority
Valenzuela 1st Weslie Gatchalian NPC 2 Majority
2nd Eric Martinez PDP-Laban 2 Majority
Zambales 1st Jeffrey Khonghun Nacionalista 3 Majority
2nd Cherry Deloso-Montalla Liberal 3 Majority
Zamboanga City 1st Cesar Jimenez PDP-Laban 1 Majority
2nd Manuel Dalipe NPC 2 Majority
Zamboanga del Norte 1st Romeo Jalosjos, Jr. Nacionalista 1 Majority
2nd Glona Labadlabad PDP-Laban 2 Majority
3rd Isagani Amatong Liberal 3 Minority
Zamboanga del Sur 1st Divina Grace Yu PDP-Laban 2 Majority
2nd Jun Babasa PDP-Laban 1 Majority
Zamboanga Sibugay 1st Wilter Palma II Lakas 2 Majority
2nd Dulce Ann Hofer PDP-Laban 3 Majority
^1 Died on December 18, 2019.

Party-list representatives

Party Representative Term Bloc
Anti-Crime and Terrorism Community Involvement and Support (ACT-CIS) Eric Go Yap 1 Majority
Jocelyn Tulfo 1 Majority
Rowena Niña Taduran 1 Majority
Bayan Muna Carlos Isagani Zarate 3 Minority
Ferdinand Gaite 1 Minority
Eufemia Cullamat 1 Minority
Ako Bicol Political Party (AKO BICOL) Alfredo Garbin, Jr. 2 Minority
Elizalde Co 1 Minority
Citizens' Battle Against Corruption (CIBAC) Eduardo Villanueva 1 Majority
Domingo Rivera 1 Majority
Alyansa ng mga Mamamayang Probinsyano (ANG PROBINSYANO) Alfred Delos Santos 1 Majority
Ronnie Ong 1 Majority
One Patriotic Coalition of Marginalized Nationals (1PACMAN) Michael Romero 2 Majority
Enrico Pineda 2 Majority
Marino Samahan ng mga Seaman, Inc. (MARINO) Carlo Lisandro Gonzalez 1 Majority
Jose Antonio Lopez1 1 Majority
Carlo Pio Pacana 1 Majority
Probinsyano Ako Rudys Caesar Fariñas I 1 Majority
Jose Singson, Jr. 1 Minority
Coalition of Associations of Senior Citizens in the Philippines (SENIOR CITIZENS) Francisco Datol, Jr. 2 Majority
Magkakasama Sa Sakahan, Kaunlaran (MAGSASAKA) Argel Joseph Cabatbat 1 Minority
Association of Philippine Electric Cooperatives (APEC) Sergio Dago-oc 1 Minority
Gabriela Women's Party (GABRIELA) Arlene Brosas 2 Minority
An Waray Florencio Gabriel Noel 1 Majority
Cooperative Natcco Network (COOP-NATCCO) Sabiniano Canama 2 Majority
Alliance of Concerned Teachers (ACT TEACHERS) Francisca Castro 2 Minority
Philippine Rural Electronic Cooperatives Association, Inc (PHILRECA) Presley De Jesus 1 Majority
Ako Bisaya Sonny Lagon 1 Majority
Tingog Sinirangan Yedda Marie Romualdez 2 Majority
Abono Conrado Estrella III 3 Majority
Buhay Hayaan Yumabong (BUHAY) Jose Atienza, Jr. 3 Independent Minority
Duterte Youth TBD 1
Kalinga-Advocacy for Social Empowerment and Nation-Building Through Easing Poverty, Inc. (KALINGA) Irene Gay Saulog 1 Minority
Puwersa ng Bayaning Atleta (PBA) Jericho Jonas Nograles 2 Majority
Alliance of Organizations, Networks and Associations of the Philippines (ALONA) Eleanor Florido 1 Majority
Rural Electronic Consumers and Beneficiaries of Development and Advancement, Inc (RECOBODA) Godofredo Guya 1 Minority
Bagong Henerasyon (BH) Bernadette Herrera-Dy 2 Majority
Bahay Para sa Pamilyang Pilipino, Inc. (BAHAY) Naealla Rose Bainto-Aguinaldo 1 Majority
Construction Workers' Solidarity (CWS) Romeo Momo, Sr. 1 Majority
Abang Lingkod Joseph Stephen Paduano 3 Minority
Advocacy for Teacher Empowerment through Action, Cooperation and Harmony towards Educational Reforms, Inc. (A TEACHER) Ma. Victoria A. Umali 1 Minority
Barangay Health Wellness (BHW) Angelica Natasha Co 1 Minority
Social Amelioration and Genuine Intervention on Poverty (SAGIP) Rodante Marcoleta 2 Majority
Trade Union Congress Party (TUCP) Raymond Democrito Mendoza Majority
Magdalo Para sa Pilipino (MAGDALO) Manuel Cabochan 1 Minority
Galing sa Puso Party (GP) Jose Gay Padiernos 1 Majority
Manila Teachers' Savings and Loan Association (MANILA TEACHERS) Virgilio Lacson 2 Majority
Rebolusyonaryong Alyansang Makabansa (RAM) Aloysia Lim 1 Majority
Alagaan Natin Ating Kalusugan (ANAKALUSUGAN) Mike Defensor 1 Majority
Ako Padayon Pilipino (AKO PADAYON) Adriano Ebcas 1 Majority
Ang Asosasyon Sang Mangunguma Nga Bisaya Owa Mangunguma (AAMBIS-OWA) Sharon Garin Majority
Kusug Tausug Shernee Tan Majority
Dumper Philippines Taxi Drivers Association, Inc (Dumper-PTDA) Claudine Diana Bautista 1 Majority
Talino at Galing ng Pinoy (TGP) Jose Teves, Jr. 1 Majority
Public Safety Alliance for Transformation and Rule of Law, Inc (PATROL) Jorge Antonio Bustos 1 Majority
Anak Mindanao (AMIN) Amihilda Sangcopan 2 Majority
Agricultural Sector Alliance of the Philippines (AGAP) Rico Geron 3 Majority
LPG Marketers Association, Inc (LPGMA) Rodolfo Albano Jr.2 1 Majority
OFW Family Club, Inc. (OFWFC) Alberto Pacquiao 1 Majority
Kabalikat ng Mamamayan (KABAYAN) Ron Salo 2 Majority
Democratic Independent Workers Association (DIWA) Michael Edgar Aglipay 1 Majority
Kabataan Sarah Jane Elago 2 Minority
^1 Resigned on July 25, 2019.
^2 Died on November 5, 2019.

Latest election

e • d Summary of the May 13, 2019 Philippine House of Representatives election results for representatives from congressional districts
Party Popular vote Seats
Total % Swing Entered Up Won % +/−
PDP-Laban (Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power) 12,564,335 31.28% Increase 29.38% 127 94 82 26.80% Decrease 12
Nacionalista (Nationalist Party) 6,554,911 16.32% Increase 6.90% 69 37 42 13.73% Increase 5
NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition) 5,644,007 14.05% Decrease 2.99% 61 33 36 11.76% Increase 3
NUP (National Unity Party) 3,852,909 9.59% Decrease 0.08% 42 28 25 8.17% Decrease 3
Liberal (Liberal Party) 2,321,759 5.78% Decrease 35.94% 26 18 18 5.88% Steady
Lakas (People Power–Christian Muslim Democrats) 1,928,716 4.80% Increase 3.26% 29 5 11 3.59% Increase 6
PFP (Federal Party of the Philippines) 964,929 2.40% Increase 2.40% 32 2 5 1.63% Increase 3
HNP (Faction of Change) 651,502 1.62% Increase 1.62% 6 3 3 0.98% Steady
Aksyon (Democratic Action) 398,616 0.99% Decrease 0.39% 6 0 1 0.33% Increase 1
PMP (Force of the Filipino Masses) 396,614 0.99% Increase 0.78% 9 1 1 0.33% Steady
Bukidnon Paglaum (Hope for Bukidnon) 335,628 0.84% Increase 0.49% 3 2 2 0.65% Steady
PDDS (Noble Blood Association of Federalists) 262,509 0.65% Increase 0.65% 31 0 0 0.00% Steady
LDP (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos) 252,806 0.63% Increase 0.33% 3 3 2 0.65% Decrease 1
UNA (United Nationalist Alliance) 207,244 0.52% Decrease 6.10% 7 0 0 0.00% Steady
HTL (Party of the People of the City) 197,024 0.49% Increase 0.35% 1 0 1 0.33% Increase 1
PPP (Palawan's Party of Change) 185,810 0.46% Increase 0.46% 2 0 2 0.65% Increase 2
Bileg (Ilocano Power) 158,523 0.39% Increase 0.39% 1 1 1 0.33% Steady
PRP (People's Reform Party) 138,014 0.34% Increase 0.34% 2 0 1 0.33% Increase 1
Unang Sigaw (First Cry of Nueva Ecija) 120,674 0.30% Increase 0.30% 1 0 0 0.00% Steady
KDP (Union of Democratic Filipinos) 116,453 0.29% Increase 0.29% 4 0 0 0.00% Steady
Asenso Abrenio (Progress for Abrenians) 115,865 0.29% Increase 0.29% 1 0 1 0.33% Increase 1
Kambilan (Shield and Fellowship of Kapampangans) 107,078 0.27% Increase 0.27% 1 0 0 0.00% Steady
Padayon Pilipino (Onward Filipinos) 98,450 0.25% Decrease 0.09% 2 0 0 0.00% Steady
Asenso Manileño (Progress for Manilans) 84,656 0.21% Decrease 0.29% 2 0 2 0.65% Increase 2
Kusog Bicolandia (Force of Bicol) 82,832 0.21% Increase 0.21% 2 0 0 0.00% Steady
CDP (Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines) 81,741 0.20% Increase 0.17% 1 0 1 0.33% Increase 1
Navoteño (Navotas Party) 80,265 0.20% Increase 0.20% 1 1 1 0.33% Steady
KABAKA (Partner of the Nation for Progress) 65,836 0.16% Decrease 0.03% 1 1 1 0.33% Steady
PDSP (Philippine Social Democratic Party) 56,223 0.14% Increase 0.14% 3 0 0 0.00% Steady
Bagumbayan-VNP (New Nation-Volunteers for a New Philippines) 33,731 0.08% Increase 0.08% 1 0 0 0.00% Steady
KBL (New Society Movement) 33,594 0.08% Decrease 0.45% 1 0 0 0.00% Steady
AZAP (Forward Zamboanga Party) 28,605 0.07% Increase 0.07% 1 0 0 0.00% Steady
WPP (Labor Party Philippines) 9,718 0.02% Increase 0.00% 2 0 0 0.00% Steady
DPP (Democratic Party of the Philippines) 1,110 0.00% Increase 0.00% 1 0 0 0.00% Steady
HSS (Surigao Sur Party) 816 0.00% Increase 0.00% 1 0 0 0.00% Steady
PGRP (Philippine Green Republican Party) 701 0.00% Decrease 0.01% 1 0 0 0.00% Steady
Independent 2,039,500 5.08% Decrease 0.75% 143 1 2 0.65% Increase 1
TotalA 40,173,704 100% N/A 627 230 245 80% Increase 7
Valid votes 40,173,704 86.76%
Invalid votes 6,129,680 13.24%
Turnout 46,303,384 74.87% Decrease 6.79%
Registered voters (without overseas voters) 61,843,771 100% Increase 11.48%
Notes:

A. ^ Totals exclude the two legislative districts of Southern Leyte and the two legislative districts of South Cotabato. Elections for these seats will be held within six months of the 2019 general election, after they were reapportioned after the filing of candidacies was made.[14][15]

Source: Commission on Elections


See also

[16]

Notes

References

  1. ^ "HOUSE MEMBERS by REGION". Congress of the Philippines - House of Representatives. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  2. ^ Chan-Robles Virtual Law Library. "The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines – Article VI". Retrieved July 25, 2008.
  3. ^ National Statistical Coordination Board. "NSCB – Statistics – Population and Housing". Archived from the original on July 4, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2008.
  4. ^ Davao Occidental: Mindanao's 27th Province. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  5. ^ a b New Davao province has to wait. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  6. ^ Noynoy asks SC to strike down law on new CamSur district. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  7. ^ Dinagat: The hands that heal hold power. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population Counts by Legislative District (Based on the 2015 Census of Population)". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 16, 2016. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
  9. ^ "RP pop'n calls for 350 Congress seats". Retrieved November 6, 2010.
  10. ^ Quezon Memorial Book. Quezon Memorial Committee. 1952.
  11. ^ "The Official Buildings of the House of Representatives: The Ancestral Quarters". Congress.gov.ph. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  12. ^ "The Official Buildings of the House of Representatives: The Present Legislative Building". Congress.gov.ph. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  13. ^ https://halalanresults.abs-cbn.com/local/cebu
  14. ^ Reyes, Ronald O. (March 28, 2019). "Comelec suspends election for Southern Leyte congressmen". Sunstar. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  15. ^ Marquez, Consuelo (April 12, 2019). "Comelec postpones elections of representatives in South Cotabato's first district". Sunstar. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  16. ^ https://www.psa.gov.ph/content/highlights-philippine-population-2015-census-population. Retrieved April 9, 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links

  • Official Website of the 17th Congress
  • Official Website of the House of Representatives
  • Official Website of the Senate
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