Hospitals in Thailand

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Hospitals in Thailand are operated by both the public and private sector, to provide medical services for prevention, cure and rehabilitation of patients with medical and health-related conditions. The majority are operated by the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH). Private hospitals are regulated by the Medical Registration Division under the MOPH's Department of Health Service Support following the Sanatorium Act, B.E. 2541. Other government units and public organisations also operate hospitals, including the military, universities, local governments and the Red Cross. As of 2010, there are 1,002 public hospitals and 316 registered private hospitals.[citation needed]

Public hospitals

Most public (i.e., state-owned) hospitals fall under the authority of the Ministry of Public Health. The majority of these are provincial hospitals under the aegis of the Office of the Permanent Secretary of the MOPH. Others are operated by the Department of Medical Services, Department of Mental Health, Department of Health, and Department of Disease Control. Certain non-MOPH state agencies also operate hospitals.

Office of the Permanent Secretary

The provincial hospitals under the Office of the Permanent Secretary are classified as follows:[1]

Regional hospitals

Regional hospitals (Thai: โรงพยาบาลศูนย์) are found in provincial centres, have a capacity of at least 500 beds and have a comprehensive set of specialists on staff. These hospitals are capable of tertiary care and are under the category A (advanced) level hospital in the MOPH's service plan.[2] There are a total of 33 regional hospitals in Thailand.

General hospitals

General hospitals (Thai: โรงพยาบาลทั่วไป) are located in province capitals or major districts and have a capacity of 200 to 500 beds. These hospitals are capable of secondary care. There are a total of 83 general hospitals in Thailand.

Community hospitals

Community hospitals (Thai: โรงพยาบาลชุมชน) are located in the district level and are usually limited to providing primary care treatment, while referring patients in need of more advanced or specialised care to general or regional hospitals. Some community hospitals are capable of secondary care. They are further classified by size:

  • Large community hospitals have a capacity of 90 to 150 beds.
  • Medium community hospitals have a capacity of 60 beds.
  • Small community hospitals have a capacity of 10 to 30 beds.
Crown Prince Hospitals (Somdet Phra Yuppharat Hospitals)

Crown Prince hospitals (Thai: โรงพยาบาลสมเด็จพระยุพราช) are community hospitals (except Sa Kaeo Crown Prince Hospital which is a general hospital) with a capacity of 30 to 200 beds, all with capabilities of primary care and some providing secondary care. These hospitals are operated by the Crown Prince Hospital Foundation. Construction of 20 Crown Prince hospitals was initiated in 1977, during the prime minstership of Thanin Kraivichien, to provide medical services at distant locations throughout the country and as a present for King Vajiralongkorn's (then Crown Prince) royal marriage on 3 January 1977. There are 21 Crown Prince hospitals in Thailand:

Sub-district Health Promoting Hospitals

Sub-district Health Promoting Hospitals (Thai: โรงพยาบาลส่งเสริมสุขภาพตำบล) are hospitals that are operated by either the MOPH or Department of Local Administration and were initially called "health stations" (Thai: สถานีอนามัย). These hospitals only have primary care capabilities and often serve villages within districts. Almost all of these hospitals do not accept inpatients and usually have no doctor on duty for the entire time. Such hospitals therefore will have medical staff entering irregularly from the community hospital within that district. In 2009, Abhisit Vejjajiva's cabinet approved a policy to improve the quality of healthcare services provided at health stations throughout Thailand and funding was allocated into the Thai Khem Khaeng programme to upgrade existing health stations to sub-district health promoting hospitals and improve quality of care.

Other departments

The Department of Medical Services (DMS) operates several public central hospitals in Bangkok, including Rajavithi Hospital and Lerdsin Hospital.[3] It is also responsible for all specialised hospitals, both inside and outside Bangkok, such as the National Cancer Institute, Prasat Neurological Institute, the Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health. This is with the exception of public specialised hospitals in the field of psychiatry where all hospitals are under the responsibility of the Department of Mental Health (DMH), such as the Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatry and Srithanya Hospital.[4]

Non-MOPH agencies

Other organisations also operate public hospitals in Thailand and citizens of Thailand can use their medical services under the Universal Coverage Scheme at no additional cost. These organisations include:

University hospitals

Ramathibodi Hospital, a university hospital

This type of hospital is affiliated with faculties of medicine at universities and colleges in Thailand. Most of these hospitals are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education and provide medical services at the "super tertiary care" level. These hospitals are equipped with the best resources in Thailand considering they are medical schools for teaching and research. However, some hospitals are under the authority of the affiliated university, but are not used for medical student training, but rather only for research purposes or to provide specialised treatment.

University hospitals for medical training in Thailand
Hospital name Affiliated university Affiliated institution (if present) Province
Siriraj Hospital Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University Bangkok
Siriraj Piyamaharajkarun Hospital Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University Bangkok
Ramathibodi Hospital Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University

HRH Princess Chulabhorn College of Medical Science

Bangkok
Ramathibodi Chakri Naruebodindra Hospital (Chakri Naruebodindra Medical Institute) Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University Samut Prakan
King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University Thai Red Cross Society Bangkok
Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University Chiang Mai
Phramongkutklao Hospital Phramongkutklao College of Medicine Army Medical Department, The Royal Thai Army Bangkok
Vajira Hospital Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital, Navamindradhiraj University Bangkok
Rajavithi Hospital College of Medicine, Rangsit University Department of Medical Services Bangkok
Lerdsin Hospital College of Medicine, Rangsit University Department of Medical Services Bangkok
Srinagarind Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University Khon Kaen
Galyanivadhanakarun Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Princess of Naradhiwas University Narathiwat
Thammasat University Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University

Chulabhorn International College of Medicine (CICM), Thammasat University

Office of the Rector of Thammasat University Pathum Thani
HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University Nakhon Nayok
Panyananthaphikkhu Chonprathan Medical Center Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University Nonthaburi
Naresuan University Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Naresuan University Phitsanulok
Songklanagarind Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University Songkhla
Suranaree University of Technology Hospital Institute of Medicine, Suranaree University of Technology Nakhon Ratchasima
Suddhavej Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Mahasarakham University Maha Sarakham
Ubon Ratchathani University Hospital College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University Ubon Ratchathani
Burapha University Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Burapha University Chonburi
Walailak University Hospital School of Medicine, Walailak University Nakhon Si Thammarat
University of Phayao Medical Center and Hospital School of Medicine, University of Phayao Phayao
Phra Nang Klao Hospital School of Medicine, Siam University Nonthaburi
Mae Fah Luang University Hospital School of Medicine, Mae Fah Luang University Chiang Rai
Chulabhorn Hospital (Bangkok) HRH Princess Chulabhorn College of Medical Science Bangkok
Sirindhorn Hospital Faculty of Medicine, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang Medical Services Department, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Bangkok
Lat Krabang Hospital Faculty of Medicine, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang Medical Services Department, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Bangkok
Siriraj Hospital, a university hospital
Non-teaching University Hospitals in Thailand
Hospital Name Affiliated University Province
Golden Jubilee Medical Center Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University Nakhon Pathom
Hospital for Tropical Diseases Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University Bangkok
Suan Sunandha Hospital College of Allied Health Sciences and College of Nursing and Health, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University (Samut Songkhram Campus) Samut Songkhram
King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, a university hospital

CPIRD Medical Education Centers

CPIRD Medical Education Center, Somdet Phrachao Taksin Maharat Hospital, Tak Province

In 1994, the cabinet approved of a cooperation between the MOPH and Thai universities to organise a program known as the 'Collaborative Project to Increase Production of Rural Doctors (CPIRD)' in order to increase the number of medical personnel in rural areas of Thailand. To reach these goals, the cabinet set up the CPIRD Office in 1997 to oversee the project's activities. In terms of education, the preclinic level of study (years 1-3) will take place at the student's university or college. At the clinical level of study (years 4-6), study will take place at hospitals all around the country under the guidance of the MOPH. 'Medical Education Centers' (Thai: ศูนย์แพทยศาสตรศึกษา ชั้นคลินิก) have been established for medical students in the CPIRD program at these hospitals. There are currently 45 CPIRD Medical Education Centers in Thailand.[5]

Hospitals with CPIRD Medical Education Centers in Thailand
Hospital name Affiliated university Affiliated institution (if present) Province
Khon Kaen Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University Khon Kaen
Sunpasithiprasong Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University

College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University

Ubon Ratchathani
Maha Sarakham Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University Maha Sarakham
Udon Thani Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University Udon Thani
Prapokklao Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University Chanthaburi
Chonburi Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University Chonburi
Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University Directorate of Medical Services, The Royal Thai Air Force Bangkok
Chiangrai Prachanukroh Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University Chiang Rai
Lampang Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University Lampang
Saraburi Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University Saraburi
Chumphon Khet Udomsak Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University Chumphon
Surat Thani Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University Surat Thani
Buddhasothorn Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University Chachoengsao
Songkhla Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Princess of Naradhiwas University Songkhla
Phichit Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Naresuan University Phichit
Buddhachinaraj Phitsanulok Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Naresuan University Phitsanulok
Phrae Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Naresuan University Phrae
Somdet Phrachao Taksin Maharat Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Naresuan University Tak
Uttaradit Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Naresuan University Uttaradit
Chaophraya Abhaibhubejhr Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Burapha University Prachinburi
Rayong Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Burapha University Rayong
Queen Sirikit Naval Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Burapha University Naval Medical Department, The Royal Thai Navy Chonburi
Queen Savang Vadhana Memorial Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Burapha University Thai Red Cross Society Chonburi
Nakornping Hospital School of Medicine, University of Phayao Chiang Mai
Phayao Hospital School of Medicine, University of Phayao Phayao
Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital Praboromarajchanok Institute, Mahidol University

HRH Princess Chulabhorn College of Medical Science

Nakhon Ratchasima
Maharaj Nakhon Si Thammarat Hospital Praboromarajchanok Institute, Mahidol University Nakhon Si Thammarat
Sawanpracharak Hospital Praboromarajchanok Institute, Mahidol University Nakhon Sawan
Ratchaburi Hospital Praboromarajchanok Institute, Mahidol University Ratchaburi
Hua Hin Hospital Praboromarajchanok Institute, Mahidol University Prachuap Khiri Khan
Phahon Phon Phayuha Sena Hospital Praboromarajchanok Institute, Mahidol University Kanchanaburi
Kalasin Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Mahasarakham University Kalasin
Roi Et Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Mahasarakham University Roi Et
Srisangworn Sukhothai Hospital School of Medicine, Mae Fah Luang University Sukhothai
Sukhothai Hospital School of Medicine, Mae Fah Luang University Sukhothai
Vachira Phuket Hospital School of Medicine, Walailak University Phuket
Trang Hospital School of Medicine, Walailak University

Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University

Trang
Hatyai Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University Songkhla
Yala Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University Yala
Naradhiwas Rajanagarindra Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University Narathiwat
Pattani Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University Pattani
Surin Hospital Institute of Medicine, Suranaree University of Technology Surin
Buriram Hospital Institute of Medicine, Suranaree University of Technology Buriram
Chaiyaphum Hospital Institute of Medicine, Suranaree University of Technology Chaiyaphum
Sisaket Hospital College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University Sisaket

Private hospitals

Some hospitals in Thailand are operated by the private sector by either a private limited company or a public limited company. Specialised private hospitals in the fields of ophthalmology and dentistry are common.

The term "general hospital", when referring to private hospitals, refer to hospitals which provide non-specialised care. Private hospitals with fewer than 30 beds are officially termed "health centres". Both accept patient admissions.

See also

References

  1. ^ "ข้อมูลทั่วไปเกี่ยวกับสถานบริการ". Bureau of Policy and Strategy website (in Thai). Bureau of Policy and Strategy, Office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Public Health. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  2. ^ "เล่มแผนพัฒนาระบบบริการสุขภาพ (Service Plan) พ.ศ. 2561-2565". 
  3. ^ "กรมการแพทย์ กระทรวงสาธารณสุข". 
  4. ^ "กรมสุขภาพจิค กระทรวงสาธารณสุข". 
  5. ^ "CPIRD". 
  • This article incorporates material from the corresponding Thai article, th:โรงพยาบาลในประเทศไทย.
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