Home Secretary

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Secretary of State for the Home Department
Royal Arms of the United Kingdom (Crown & Garter).svg
Royal Arms as used by the Home Office
Official portrait of Amber Rudd.jpg
Incumbent
Amber Rudd

since 13 July 2016 (2016-07-13)
Home Office
Style
Member of
Reports to Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Seat Westminster
Appointer Monarch of the United Kingdom
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Inaugural holder The Earl of Shelburne
Formation 27 March 1782
Deputy Brandon Lewis
Website Official website
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the United Kingdom
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Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, normally referred to as the Home Secretary, is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Home Office. It is a British Cabinet level position.

The Home Secretary is responsible for the internal affairs of England and Wales, and for immigration and citizenship for the United Kingdom. The remit of the Home Office also includes policing in England and Wales and matters of national security, as the Security Service (MI5) is directly accountable to the Home Secretary.[1] Formerly, the Home Secretary was the minister responsible for prisons and probation in England and Wales; however in 2005 those responsibilities were transferred to the newly created Ministry of Justice under the Lord Chancellor.

The current Home Secretary is Amber Rudd, appointed formally by Queen Elizabeth II on the advice of Prime Minister Theresa May on 13 July 2016. May had been the previous incumbent, appointed in 2010 by Prime Minister David Cameron to serve in his coalition government. May was reappointed by Cameron to serve in his Conservative government in 2015. She stood down from this role in 2016 on assuming the office of Prime Minister, succeeding Cameron.

List of Home Secretaries

Secretary of State for the Home Department[1]
Portrait Name[2]
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Ministry[4] Sovereign
(Rule)
Ref.
William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne by JL Mosnier crop.jpg The Right Honourable
William Petty
2nd Earl of Shelburne
KGPC

(1737–1805)
27 March
1782
10 July
1782
Whig Rockingham II George III
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1801-1816).svg
(1760–1811)
[5]
Viscount Sydney by Gilbert Stuart.jpg The Right Honourable
Thomas Townsend

MP for Whitchurch
(1733–1800)
10 July
1782
2 April
1783
Whig Shelburne [5]
Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Frederick North
Lord North
KG

MP for Banbury
(1732–1792)
2 April
1783
19 December
1783
Tory Fox–North [5]
1stMarquessOfBuckingham.jpg The Right Honourable
George Nugent-Temple-Grenville
3rd Earl Temple
PC

(1753–1813)
19 December
1783
23 December
1783
Tory Pitt
(I–IV)
[6]
Viscount Sydney by Gilbert Stuart.jpg The Right Honourable
Thomas Townsend
1st Baron Sydney
PC

(1733–1800)
23 December
1783
5 June
1789
Whig [5]
1st Baron Grenville-cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
William Grenville
1st Baron Grenville
PCPC (Ire)

MP for Buckinghamshire[1782 1]
(1759–1834)
5 June
1789
8 June
1791
Tory [5]
1stViscountMelville2.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Dundas

MP for Edinburgh
(1742–1811)
8 June
1791
11 July
1794
Tory [5]
3rd Duke of Portland 1804 cropped.jpg His Grace
William Cavendish-Bentinck
3rd Duke of Portland
KGPCFRS

(1738–1809)
11 July
1794
30 July
1801
Tory [5]
Addington
(I & II)
2ndEarlOfChichester.jpg The Right Honourable
Thomas Pelham
4th Baron Pelham of Stanmer
PCPC (Ire)FRS

(1756–1826)
30 July
1801
17 August
1803
Whig [5]
CP Yorke by George Romney.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles Philip Yorke
FRSFSA

MP for Cambridgeshire
(1764–1834)
17 August
1803
12 May
1804
Tory [5]
Earl jenkinson.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Jenkinson
2nd Baron Hawkesbury
PCFRS

(1770–1828)
12 May
1804
5 February
1806
Tory Pitt V [5]
George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer.jpg The Right Honourable
George Spencer
2nd Earl Spencer
KGPCDLFRSFSA

(1758–1834)
5 February
1806
25 March
1807
Whig All the Talents
(I & II)
[5]
Earl jenkinson.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Jenkinson
2nd Earl of Liverpool
PCFRS

(1770–1828)
25 March
1807
1 November
1809
Tory Portland
(II & III)
[5]
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Richard Ryder

MP for Tiverton
(1766–1832)
1 November
1809
8 June
1812
Tory Perceval [5]
Regency
Coat of Arms of George, Prince of Wales and Prince Regent (1762-1820).svg
(1811–1820)
Henry Addington by Beechey.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Addington
1st Viscount Sidmouth
PC

(1757–1844)
11 June
1812
17 January
1822
Tory Liverpool
(I–V)
[5]
George IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1820–1830)
Robert Peel by RR Scanlan detail.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Peel
FRS

MP for Oxford University
(1788–1850)
17 January
1822
10 April
1827
Tory [5]
No image.svg The Right Honourable
William Sturges Bourne

MP for Ashburton
(1769–1845)
30 April
1827
16 July
1827
Tory Canning
(CanningiteWhig)
[5]
Lord Henry Petty.jpg The Most Honourable
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice
3rd Marquess of Lansdowne
PCFRS

(1780–1863)
16 July
1827
22 January
1828
Whig [5]
Goderich
(CanningiteWhig)
Robert Peel by RR Scanlan detail.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Robert Peel
BtFRS

MP for 3 constituencies respectively
(1788–1850)
26 January
1828
22 November
1830
Tory Wellington [5]
William IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1830–1837)
2nd V Melbourne.jpg The Right Honourable
William Lamb
2nd Viscount Melbourne
PC

(1779–1848)
22 November
1830
16 July
1834
Whig Grey
(I–III)
[5]
Bessborough4.JPG The Right Honourable
John Ponsonby
1st Baron Duncannon
PC

(1781–1847)
19 July
1834
15 November
1834
Whig Melbourne I [5]
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by John Jackson cropped.jpg Field MarshalHis Grace
Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington
KGGCBGCHPC

(1769–1852)
15 November
1834
15 December
1834
Tory Wellington Caretaker [5]
HenryGoulburn.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Goulburn
FRS

MP for Cambridge University
(1784–1856)
15 December
1834
18 April
1835
Conservative Peel I [5]
Lord john russell.jpg The Right Honourable
Lord John Russell

MP for Stroud
(1792–1878)
18 April
1835
30 August
1839
Whig Melbourne
(II & III)
[6]
Victoria
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1837–1901)
Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby by John Jackson.jpg The Most Honourable
Constantine Phipps
1st Marquess of Normanby
GCHPC

(1797–1863)
30 August
1839
30 August
1841
Whig [6]
Sir James Graham 2nd Bart First Lord Admiralty.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir James Graham
Bt

MP for Dorchester
(1792–1861)
6 September
1841
30 June
1846
Conservative Peel II [6]
Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir George Grey
Bt

MP for Devonport – North Northumberland[1782 2]
(1799–1882)
8 July
1846
23 February
1852
Whig Russell
(I & II)
[6]
Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG The Right Honourable
Spencer Horatio Walpole
QC

MP for Midhurst
(1806–1898)
27 February
1852
19 December
1852
Conservative Who? Who?
(I & II)
[6]
Lord Palmerston 1855.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry John Temple
3rd Viscount Palmerston
GCBPCFRS

MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)
28 December
1852
6 February
1855
Whig Aberdeen
(PeeliteWhig)
[6]
Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir George Grey
Bt

MP for Morpeth
(1799–1882)
8 February
1855
26 February
1858
Whig Palmerston
(I & II)
[6]
Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG The Right Honourable
Spencer Horatio Walpole
QC

MP for Cambridge University
(1806–1898)
26 February
1858
3 March
1859
Conservative Derby III [6]
Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron Estcourt Grant.jpg The Right Honourable
Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron-Estcourt
DLJP

MP for North Wiltshire
(1801–1876)
3 March
1859
18 June
1859
Conservative [6]
Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Bt.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir George Cornewall Lewis
Bt

MP for Radnor
(1806–1863)
18 June
1859
25 July
1861
Liberal Palmerston
(III & IV)
[6]
Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir George Grey
Bt

MP for Morpeth
(1799–1882)
25 July
1861
28 June
1866
Liberal [6]
Russell III
Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG The Right Honourable
Spencer Horatio Walpole
QC

MP for Cambridge University
(1806–1898)
6 July
1866
17 May
1867
Conservative Derby IV [6]
1st Earl of Cranbrook.jpg The Right Honourable
Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy

MP for Oxford University
(1814–1906)
17 May
1867
3 December
1868
Conservative [6]
Disraeli I
Henry Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare NPG.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Bruce
JPDL

MP for Merthyr Tydfil – Renfrewshire[1782 3]
(1815–1895)
9 December
1868
9 August
1873
Liberal Gladstone I [6]
Robert Lowe, 1st Viscount Sherbrooke by George Frederic Watts.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Lowe

MP for London University
(1811–1892)
9 August
1873
20 February
1874
Liberal [6]
Portrait of Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross.jpg The Right Honourable
Richard Assheton Cross
GCBFRSDL

MP for South West Lancashire
(1823–1914)
21 February
1874
23 April
1880
Conservative Disraeli II [6]
Sir William Harcourt.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir William Vernon Harcourt
QC

MP for Derby
(1827–1904)
28 April
1880
23 June
1885
Liberal Gladstone II [6]
Portrait of Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross.jpg The Right Honourable
Richard Assheton Cross
GCBFRSDL

MP for Newton
(1823–1914)
24 June
1885
1 February
1886
Conservative Salisbury I [6]
Hugh Childers, Lock & Whitfield woodburytype, 1876-83 crop.jpg The Right Honourable
Hugh Childers

MP for Edinburgh South
(1827–1896)
6 February
1886
25 July
1886
Liberal Gladstone III [6]
Henrymatthews.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Matthews
QC

MP for Birmingham East
(1826–1913)
3 August
1886
15 August
1892
Conservative Salisbury II [6]
Portrait of Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith.jpg The Right Honourable
Herbert Henry Asquith
QC

MP for East Fife
(1852–1928)
18 August
1892
25 June
1895
Liberal Gladstone IV [6]
Rosebery
Matthew White Ridley sketch.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Matthew White Ridley
BtDL

MP for Blackpool
(1842–1904)
29 June
1895
12 November
1900
Conservative Salisbury
(III–V)

(Con.Lib.U.)
[6]
Charles Thomson Ritchie headshot.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles Ritchie

MP for Croydon
(1838–1906)
12 November
1900
11 August
1902
Conservative [6]
Edward VII
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1901–1910)
Balfour
(Con.Lib.U.)
Aretas Akers-Douglas.jpg The Right Honourable
Aretas Akers-Douglas
JPDL

MP for St Augustine's
(1851–1926)
11 August
1902
5 December
1905
Conservative [6]
Herbert John Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable
Herbert Gladstone
JP

MP for Leeds West
(1854–1930)
11 December
1905
19 February
1910
Liberal Campbell-Bannerman
(I & II)
[6]
Asquith
(I–III)
Churchill 1904 Q 42037.jpg The Right Honourable
Winston Churchill

MP for Dundee
(1874–1965)
19 February
1910
24 October
1911
Liberal [6]
George V
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1910–1936)
Reginald McKenna photo.jpg The Right Honourable
Reginald McKenna

MP for North Monmouthshire
(1863–1943)
24 October
1911
27 May
1915
Liberal [6]
Portrait of John Simon, 1st Viscount Simon.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir John Simon

MP for Walthamstow
(1873–1954)
27 May
1915
12 January
1916
Liberal Asquith IV
(Lib.Con.Lab.)
[6]
Herbert Samuel.jpg The Right Honourable
Herbert Samuel

MP for Cleveland
(1870–1963)
12 January
1916
7 December
1916
Liberal [6]
George Cave 1911.jpg The Right Honourable
George Cave
1st Viscount Cave
PC

MP for Kingston[1782 4]
(1856–1928)
11 December
1916
14 January
1919
Conservative Lloyd George
(I & II)

(Lib.Con.Lab.)
[6]
Edward Shortt.jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Shortt
KC

MP for Newcastle upon Tyne West
(1862–1935)
14 January
1919
23 October
1922
Liberal [6]
William Bridgeman.jpg The Right Honourable
William Bridgeman
JPDL

MP for Oswestry
(1864–1935)
25 October
1922
22 January
1924
Conservative Law
(I & II)
[6]
Baldwin I
1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg The Right Honourable
Arthur Henderson

MP for Burnley[1782 5]
(1863–1935)
23 January
1924
4 November
1924
Labour MacDonald I [6]
1st Viscount Brentford 1923.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir William Joynson-Hicks
BtPC (NI)DL

MP for Twickenham
(1865–1932)
7 November
1924
5 June
1929
Conservative Baldwin II [6]
Jrclynes.jpg The Right Honourable
John Robert Clynes

MP for Manchester Platting
(1869–1949)
8 June
1929
26 August
1931
Labour MacDonald II [6]
Herbert Samuel.jpg The Right Honourable
Herbert Samuel
GCBGBE

MP for Darwen
(1870–1963)
26 August
1931
1 October
1932
Liberal 1st National
(N.Lab.Con.Lib.N.Lib.)
[6]
2nd National[1782 6]
(N.Lab.Con.Lib.N.Lib.)
SirJohnGilmour.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir John Gilmour
BtDSOTDJPDL

MP for Glasgow Pollok
(1876–1940)
1 October
1932
7 June
1935
Unionist [6]
Portrait of John Simon, 1st Viscount Simon.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir John Simon
GCSIGCVOOBE

MP for Spen Valley
(1873–1954)
7 June
1935
28 May
1937
Liberal National 3rd National
(Con.N.Lab.Lib.N.)
[6]
Edward VIII
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936)
George VI
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936–1952)
Sir Samuel Hoare GGBain.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Samuel Hoare
BtGCSIGBECMGJP

MP for Chelsea
(1880–1959)
28 May
1937
3 September
1939
Conservative 4th National
(Con.N.Lab.Lib.N.)
[6]
John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley 1947.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir John Anderson
GCBGCSIGCIEPC (Ire.)

MP for Combined Scottish Universities
(1882–1958)
4 September
1939
4 October
1940
Independent
(National)
[6]
Churchill War
(All parties)
Herbert Morrison 1947.jpg The Right Honourable
Herbert Morrison

MP for Hackney South
(1888–1965)
4 October
1940
23 May
1945
Labour [6]
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Sir Donald Somervell
KC

MP for Crewe
(1889–1960)
25 May
1945
26 July
1945
Conservative Churchill Caretaker
(Con.Lib.N.)
[6]
No image.svg The Right Honourable
James Chuter Ede
JPDL

MP for South Shields
(1882–1965)
3 August
1945
26 October
1951
Labour Attlee
(I & II)
[6]
David Maxwell Fyfe, Nuremberg, 1946.png The Right Honourable
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe
GCVOQC

MP for Liverpool West Derby
(1900–1967)
27 October
1951
19 October
1954
Conservative Churchill III [6]
Elizabeth II
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
(1952–present)
Gwilym Lloyd George 1922.jpg The Right Honourable
Gwilym Lloyd George
TD

MP for Newcastle upon Tyne North
(1894–1967)
19 October
1954
14 January
1957
National Liberal
&
Conservative
[6]
Eden
(I & II)
Rab Butler.png The Right Honourable
Richard Austen Butler
CH

MP for Saffron Walden
(1902–1982)
14 January
1957
13 July
1962
Conservative Macmillan
(I & II)
[6]
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Henry Brooke

MP for Hampstead
(1903–1984)
14 July
1962
16 October
1964
Conservative [6]
Douglas-Home
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Sir Frank Soskice
QC

MP for Newport
(1902–1979)
18 October
1964
23 December
1965
Labour Wilson
(I & II)
[6]
Roy Jenkins 1977b.jpg The Right Honourable
Roy Jenkins

MP for Birmingham Stechford
(1920–2003)
23 December
1965
30 November
1967
Labour [6]
James Callaghan.JPG The Right Honourable
James Callaghan

MP for Cardiff South East
(1912–2005)
30 November
1967
19 June
1970
Labour [6]
Reginald Maudling.jpg The Right Honourable
Reginald Maudling

MP for Barnet
(1917–1979)
20 June
1970
18 July
1972
Conservative Heath [6]
Robert Carr2.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Carr

MP for Mitcham
(1916–2012)
18 July
1972
4 March
1974
Conservative [6]
Roy Jenkins 1977b.jpg The Right Honourable
Roy Jenkins

MP for Birmingham Stechford
(1920–2003)
5 March
1974
10 September
1976
Labour Wilson
(III & IV)
[6]
Callaghan
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Merlyn Rees

MP for Leeds South
(1920–2006)
10 September
1976
4 May
1979
Labour [6]
No image.svg The Right Honourable
William Whitelaw
CHMCDL

MP for Penrith and The Border
(1918–1999)
4 May
1979
11 June
1983
Conservative Thatcher I [6]
Lord Brittan 2011.jpg The Right Honourable
Leon Brittan
QC

MP for Richmond (Yorks)
(1939–2015)
11 June
1983
2 September
1985
Conservative Thatcher II [6]
Lord Hurd (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
Douglas Hurd
CBE

MP for Witney
(born 1930)
2 September
1985
26 October
1989
Conservative [6]
Thatcher III
No image.svg The Right Honourable
David Waddington
QCDL

MP for Ribble Valley
(1929–2017)
26 October
1989
28 November
1990
Conservative [6]
Kenneth Baker.jpg The Right Honourable
Kenneth Baker

MP for Mole Valley
(born 1934)
28 November
1990
10 April
1992
Conservative Major I [6]
Ken Clarke 2010.jpg The Right Honourable
Kenneth Clarke
QC

MP for Rushcliffe
(born 1940)
10 April
1992
27 May
1993
Conservative Major II [6]
Michael Howard.jpg The Right Honourable
Michael Howard
QC

MP for Folkestone and Hythe
(born 1941)
27 May
1993
2 May
1997
Conservative [6]
Jack straw.JPG The Right Honourable
Jack Straw

MP for Blackburn
(born 1946)
2 May
1997
8 June
2001
Labour Blair
(I–III)
[6]
David Blunkett -8April2010.jpg The Right Honourable
David Blunkett

MP for Sheffield Brightside
(born 1947)
8 June
2001
15 December
2004
Labour [6]
CharlesClarke2014.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles Clarke

MP for Norwich South
(born 1950)
15 December
2004
5 May
2006
Labour [6]
JohnReidHeadshot.jpg The Right Honourable
John Reid

MP for Airdrie and Shotts
(born 1947)
5 May
2006
27 June
2007
Labour [8]
Smith, Jacqui (crop).jpg The Right Honourable
Jacqui Smith

MP for Redditch
(born 1962)
28 June
2007
5 June
2009
Labour Brown [9]
Alan Johnson -9Oct2007-2.jpg The Right Honourable
Alan Johnson

MP for Hull West and Hessle
(born 1950)
5 June
2009
11 May
2010
Labour [10]
Theresa May 2015 (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
Theresa May

MP for Maidenhead
(born 1956)
12 May
2010
13 July
2016
Conservative Cameron–Clegg
(Con.L.D.)
[11]
Cameron II
Official portrait of Amber Rudd crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Amber Rudd

MP for Hastings and Rye
(born 1963)
13 July
2016
Incumbent Conservative May I [12]
May II
  1. ^ Elevated to the Peerage of Great Britain in 1790.
  2. ^ Elected to a new constituency in the 1847 general election.
  3. ^ Lost seat in the 1868 general election and elected to a new constituency in the Renfrewshire by-election.
  4. ^ Elevated to the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1918.
  5. ^ Elected on 28 February 1924 in the Burnley by-election.
  6. ^ The Liberal Party withdrew on 28 September 1932.[7]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Secretary of State for the Home Department". gov.uk. Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Including honorifics and constituencies for elected MPs.
  3. ^ "Ministry". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 3 September 2017. 
  4. ^ Defined as a period of government under one or two predominant ministers.[3]
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Gibson 2008.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm "Home Secretary". Hansard. Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  7. ^ "Resignation letter by Liberal ministers to Ramsay MacDonald" (Letter). Letter to Ramsay MacDonald. Samuel papers. 28 September 1932. SAM/A/89/84. 
  8. ^ "Clarke is fired in Cabinet purge". BBC News. 5 May 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2017. 
  9. ^ "First female boss for Home Office". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2017. 
  10. ^ "Hutton quits in cabinet reshuffle". BBC News. 5 June 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2017. 
  11. ^ "Cameron coalition: Theresa May made home secretary". BBC News. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2017. 
  12. ^ "Theresa May shakes up government with new-look cabinet". BBC News. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2017. 

References

  • Gibson, Bryan (2008). The New Home Office: An Introduction (2nd ed.). Waterside Press. pp. 148–149. ISBN 978-1-904380-49-8. 

External links

  • Home Office website
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