Hollingbourne

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Hollingbourne
The Upper Street, Hollingbourne area seen from the North Downs
Hollingbourne as seen from the North Downs
Hollingbourne is in mid-Kent
Hollingbourne is in mid-Kent
Hollingbourne
Hollingbourne shown within Kent
Population 858 [1]
949 (2011 Census)[2]
OS grid reference TQ845285
Civil parish
  • Hollingbourne
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Maidstone
Dialling code 01622
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
Website www.hollingbournepc.kentparishes.gov.uk
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°16′01″N 0°38′31″E / 51.267°N 0.642°E / 51.267; 0.642Coordinates: 51°16′01″N 0°38′31″E / 51.267°N 0.642°E / 51.267; 0.642

Hollingbourne is a village and civil parish in the borough of Maidstone in Kent, England. The parish is located on the southward slope of the North Downs to the east of the county town, Maidstone. The parish population is around 900 and has three conservation areas: Upper Street in the village centre and the outlying hamlets of Broad Street and Eyhorne Street.[3][4][5]

Geography

The village is four miles (6.4 km) from Maidstone. Its church is dedicated to All Saints. Hollingbourne railway station, on the Maidstone-Ashford line, serves the village. There is also a bus connecting Hollingbourne to Maidstone.

The North Downs Way National Trail passes through the village, as does the Pilgrims' Way, an ancient trackway historically associated with pilgrimage routes to Canterbury. The village has two large public houses.

Hollingbourne Hill was a major measuring point in the trigonometric survey linking the Royal Greenwich Observatory and the Paris Observatory. The Anglo-French Survey (1784–1790) was led by General William Roy. It was also the origin (meridian) of the 6-inch and 1:2500 Ordnance Survey maps of Kent.[6]

The parish hosts (adjacent to the historic village) part of the M20 motorway and the High Speed 1 rail link to the Channel Tunnel, and residents in 2007 joined forces with the neighbouring village of Bearsted in voicing their objections to the proposed Kent International Gateway development. The plans after a planning inspectorate appeal were in 2011 rejected by the government.[7] Maidstone services lie within the parish on the north side of the motorway.

History

Hollingbourne village centre

The Colepeper Cloth c.1650

Hollingbourne appears in the Domesday Book as Hoilingeborde. It was held partly by the Archbishop of Christ Church, Canterbury and partly by Bishop Odo of Bayeux. Its domesday assets were: 24 ploughs, 8 acres (3.2 ha) of meadow, woodland/herbage worth 40 hogs, two mills and one church. It rendered £30.[8] All Saints Church is a Grade I listed building,[9] made of flint and stone, parts dated 14th, 15th and 17th centuries. Within the church are monuments and stone tombs to Francis Culpeper, d.1591 and Johanna Culpeper, d.1597, Martin Barnham d.1610, Baldwin Duppa d.1737, Samuel Plummer, d.1705, Dame Grace Gethin, d.1697, Philippa Culpeper, d.1630, Elizabeth Culpeper, d.1638 (freestanding chest tomb with white effigy) John, Lord Culpeper, d.1660, erected 1695, Cheney Colepeper, 4th Lord Culpeper, d.l725,[9] the latter were among the governing Virginia/ North Carolina Culpeper family and were major landowners in the village for many generations.

Eyhorne Street

This hamlet in the south west of Hollingbourne parish has the Grove Mill House downstream on the Hollingbourne and its own conservation area. It has no church and has always been part of the parish. There are 26 grade II listed buildings and one grade II* listed building is shown on maps as restored Godfrey House.;[10] its listing describes it as 16th century, restored 1859, timber framed with plaster infilling, 10-light ovolo-moulded mullioned and transomed oriel window with moulded cornice and plastered ogee base immediately below each eaves dormer, and one of 6 lights to first floor of porch, 3 rectangular ground-floor bays with 10-light ovolo-moulded mullioned and transomed windows on stone bases. Totnams was an ancient farm in the Eyhorne district, and is now the site of grade II listed Cotuams Hall.

Colepeper / Culpeper Cloth

The church is best known for the centuries-old 'Culpeper cloth', sometimes described as an altar cloth although it is probably too large to have served that function; several books attribute it to the four daughters of Sir John Culpeper, Lord of Greenway Court. It may in fact have been a funeral pall.[11]

Hollingbourne Manor, a former home of members of the Culpeper family, is a Grade I listed Elizabethan manor house,[12] located at the foot of Hollingbourne Hill. Cotuams House in Eythorne Street was also owned by the family.

Governance

Hollingbourne in elections every four years elects one representative to Kent County Council, this is currently:

Election Member[13] Ward
2017 Maidstone Rural East

Hollingbourne elects one representatives to Maidstone Borough Council, currently:

Election Member[14] Ward
2016 Patrik Garten North Downs

The parish council has 8 elected councillors last wholly elected on 3 May 2012, with elections every four years.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ Census 2001
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Hollingbourne Broad Street conservation area" (PDF). Maidstone BC. Retrieved 3 May 2012. [permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Eyhorne Street conservation area" (PDF). Maidstone BC. Retrieved 3 May 2012. [permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Upper Street conservation area" (PDF). Maidstone BC. Retrieved 3 May 2012. [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ https://www.charlesclosesociety.org/files/153Meridians.pdf
  7. ^ "StopKIG". Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  8. ^ Domesday Book Online
  9. ^ a b Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1203836)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1054873)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  11. ^ Somerville, Christopher (2003). Walks in the Country Near London. London: Globetrotter, New Holland Publishers. pp. 106 of 208. ISBN 9781843301219.
  12. ^ Historic England. "Hollingbourne Manor (1203946)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
  13. ^ Kent County Councillors.
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ "Parish Councillors". Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2012.

External links

  • Village website
  • A comprehensive article on the village
  • All Saints church and the Culpeper memorials
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