History of the Cham–Vietnamese wars

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Cham-Vietnamese Wars refer to a series of wars and conflicts between various dynasties of Vietnam and of Champa that led to a total annexation of Champa by the Vietnamese. These wars were part of Vietnam's Nam tiến (March to the South).

List of conflicts

Name Result
1 Cham-Vietnamese War (982) Vietnamese victory[1]
2 Cham-Vietnamese War (1044) Vietnamese victory[1][2]
3 Cham-Vietnamese War (1069) Vietnamese victory[3]
4 Cham-Vietnamese War (1075-1104)
5 Cham-Vietnamese War (1367-1396) Vietnamese victory
6 Cham-Vietnamese War (1400-1407)[4] Cham victory
7 Cham-Vietnamese War (1446)
8 Cham-Vietnamese War (1471) Vietnamese victory
9 Cham-Vietnamese War (1611)[5]
10 Cham-Vietnamese War (1653)
11 Cham-Vietnamese War (1693)
12 Cham rebellion (An anti-Vietnamese rebellion by the Cham occurred in 1728 after the passing away of their ruler Po Saktiraydaputih)[6] Vietnamese victory
13 Cham-Vietnamese War (1832-1834) (Katip Suma's Jihad against Vietnam)[7] Vietnamese victory
14 Cham-Vietnamese War (1834-1835) (jathak wa uprising) Vietnamese victory



  1. ^ a b Nguyen Thu (1 May 2009). Dai-viet Kingdom of the South. Trafford Publishing. pp. 6–. ISBN 978-1-4251-8645-6. 
  2. ^ K. W. Taylor (9 May 2013). A History of the Vietnamese. Cambridge University Press. pp. 70–. ISBN 978-0-521-87586-8. 
  3. ^ Nguyen Thu (1 May 2009). Dai-viet Kingdom of the South. Trafford Publishing. pp. 7–. ISBN 978-1-4251-8645-6. 
  4. ^ Ben Kiernan (1 October 2008). Blood and Soil: A World History of Genocide and Extermination from Sparta to Darfur. Yale University Press. pp. 106–. ISBN 978-0-300-13793-4. 
  5. ^ Haywood, John; Jotischky, Andrew; McGlynn, Sean (1998). Historical Atlas of the Medieval World, AD 600-1492. Barnes & Noble. p. 3.31. ISBN 978-0-7607-1976-3. 
  6. ^ Danny Wong Tze Ken (2012). "Champaka Monograph 5: The Nguyen and Champa during 17th and 18th Century - A Study of Nguyen Foreign Relations" (PDF): 124. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  7. ^ Jean-François Hubert (8 May 2012). The Art of Champa. Parkstone International. pp. 25–. ISBN 978-1-78042-964-9. "The Raja Praong Ritual: A Memory of the Sea in Cham- Malay Relations". Cham Unesco. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015.  (Extracted from Truong Van Mon, "The Raja Praong Ritual: a Memory of the sea in Cham- Malay Relations", in Memory And Knowledge Of The Sea In South Asia, Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Malaya, Monograph Series 3, pp, 97-111. International Seminar on Martime Culture and Geopolitics & Workshop on Bajau Laut Music and Dance", Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences and the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya, 23-24/2008)Dharma, Po. "The Uprisings of Katip Sumat and Ja Thak Wa (1833-1835)". Cham Today. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Dictionary of Wars - George C. Kohn. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-08-27. 
  9. ^ Vietnam - Nick Ray (Travel writer). Books.google.com. 2010-09-15. p. 277. Retrieved 2015-08-27. 
  10. ^ Vietnam - Scott Rutherford. Books.google.com. p. 71. Retrieved 2015-08-27. 
  11. ^ Lonely Planet Vietnam - Lonely Planet, Iain Stewart, Brett Atkinson, Peter Dragicevich, Nick Ray. Books.google.com. 2012-03-01. Retrieved 2015-08-27. 
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