Historical urban community sizes

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These are estimated populations of historical cities over time. Note that there are several problems with estimating the sizes of individual cities, and the highest estimates for a given city, in a given period, may be several times the lowest.

Neolithic settlements

Town 7000 BC 6000 BC 5000 BC 4000 BC 3800 BC 3700 BC
'Ain Ghazal 2,500[1]
Beidha 1,000[2]
Çatalhöyük 1,650 – 10,000[3]
2,500[1]
1,000[2]
3,000[2]
Choirokoitia[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] 300-600 2,000
Jericho 400 – 2,000[3]
Lepenski Vir 150 – 1,000[11][12][13][14][15][16]
Nea Nikomedeia 500 – 700[17]
Okoliste 1,000-3,000[18]
Vinča-Belo Brdo 2,000 – 2,500[19][20]
Sesklo 1,000 – 5000[21][22][23][24]
Dobrovody 16,000[25] 10,000-16,000[26][27][28]
Fedorovka 6,000[25]
Mehrgarh 1,000- 10,000[29]
Maydanets 10,000[25] 10,000-29,000-46,000[30][31]
Nebelivka 17,000[25]
Talianki 15,000-25,000-30,000[25][32][33] 10,000-15,000[34][35][unreliable source?]
Tell Brak 4,000[2] 5,000[2]
Uruk 5,000[2]

Bronze Age

Table 1: 3700-2600 BC
City 3700 BC 3400 BC 3100 BC 2800 BC 2600 BC
Adab 11,000 [36]
Anshan 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Bad-tibira 16,000 [36]
Eridu 6,000-10,000 [36]
Habuba Kabira 6,000-8,000 [36]
Harappa 35,000 [37]
Kish 40,000 [36]
Lagash 40,000 [38]
Larak/Larsa 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Manika, Greece[39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46] 6,000-15,000 6,000-15,000
Memphis 30,000 [47]
Mohenjo-daro 41,250 [37]
Nekhen 5,000-10,000 [36]
Nippur 13,000 [36]
Shahr-i Sokhta 20,000 [1]
Shuruppak 20,000 [36]
Suheri 13,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Susa 8,000[2]
Tell Brak 8,000[2] 22,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Thebes, Greece 4,000

6,000[45]

Umma 26,000 [36]
Ur 6,000 [36]
Uruk 8,000[2]
14,000 [36]
20,000 [36] 40,000 [38]

50,000 [36]

80,000 [36] 80,000 [38]
Table 2: 2500-1200 BC
City 2500 BC 2300 BC 2000 BC 1800 BC 1600 BC 1360 BC 1200 BC
Athens[48][49][50] 10,000 10,000-15,000
Akrotiri (Santorini)[51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59] 8,000-15,000-30,000
Adab 13,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Akkad 36,000 [36]
Amarna
Anshan 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Avaris/Pi-Ramses 100,000 [38] 160,000 [38]
Babylon 65,000[2] 80,000[2]
Dur-Kurigalzu
Ebla 30,000 [36]
Erlitou 24,000[2]
35,000 [36]
Harappa 10,000 [36]
Hattushash
Hazor
Heliopolis
Heracleopolis
Isin 40,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Kerma
Kesh 11,000 [36]
Kish 25,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 40,000 [38]
Knossos[60][61][62]

[63][64][65][66][67][68][69][70][71]

1,300

2,000

18,000 20,000-40,000-100,000 30,000
Lagash 40,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 30,000 [36][38] 10,000 [36]
Larak/Larsa 10,000 [36] 40,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Manika, Greece[45] 6,000

15,000

6,000

15,000

Malia 5,000-10,000-12,500[69][70]
Mari
Memphis 30,000 [36]
35,000[2]
60,000 [2][36][38] 30,000 [36] 22,000[72] 32,000[72] 50,000[72]
Mohenjo-daro 20,000 [36] 20,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Mozah 15,000 [36] 15,000 [36]
Mycenae 20,000[73] 30,000

35,000[66][74]

Namazga-Tepe 14,000 [36] 14,000 [36]
Nekhen 21,000 [75]
Niniveh 23,000[75] 33,000[75]
Nippur 20,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Palaikastro 18,000[51][69]
Shahr-i Sokhta 20,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Shuruppak 17,000 [36]
Suheri 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Susa 25,000 [36] 25,000 [36]
Taosi 10,000[2] 14,000[2]
Tell Brak 15,000 [36] 15,000 [36]
Tell Churra 20,000 [36]
Tell Leilan 20,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Thebes 40,000[36] 40,000[36] 80,000[2] 80,000[2]
Thebes, Greece[45][76][77] 4,000–6,000 8,000
Tiryns[45][48][49][50] 1,200

1,800

10,000 10,000-15,000
Umma 34,000 [36] 20,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Ur 60,000[2]
65,000 [75]
Uruk 50,000 [2][36] 75,000[2]
Yin (Anyang) 50,000[2]
120,000 [38]
Zabala 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Zhengzhou 35,000[2]

Iron Age

Table 1: 1000-400 BC
City 1000 BC 900 BC 800 BC 700 BC 650 BC 600 BC 500 BC 430 BC 400 BC
Aegina 20,000–40,000[78] 20,000–40,000
Anuradhapura 48,000[75][72]
Anyi 100,000[38] 100,000[38]
Athens [79][80][81][82][83][84][85][86][87][88] 2,500–5,000[83] 2,500–5,000[83] 2,500–5,000[83] 10,000[83] 20,000[83] 35,000–40,000[83] 25,000[83]
Agrigento 100,000[83]
Argos 30,000–60,000[79][85][89][90][91][92] 30,000–60,000
Ayodhya
Babylon 45,000[72]–100,000[93] 47,000[72] 60,000[72] 125,000[2] 150,000[2] 200,000[75] 150,000[2]
Benares
Capua 100,000[94][95] 100,000
Calah / Nimrud
Cerveteri 25,000

40,000[96][97][98][99][100]

Chicheng
Cuicuilco
Corinth 5,000[83] 20,000[83]
Crotone 50,000

80,000[101]

Ecbatana
Haojing 100,000[93] 125,000[38] 125,000[38] 33,000[75][72]
Hastinapur
Jerusalem 40,000[75][72]
Kerch 40,000 [75][72]
Kingchow
Kalḫu (Nimrud) 75,000[2]
Kosambi 55,000[72]
Kweiteh / Shangqiu
Linzi 55,000–100,000[2][38] 80,000–100,000[72][38] 65,000–100,000[2][38] 80,000–100,000[2][38] 60,000–200,000[72][38] 100,000–200,000[2][38]
Luoyang 35,000[2][72]–100,000 [102][103] 40,000[2] 45,000[2]–50,000[72] 55,000[2]–100,000[38] 70,000[72]–100,000[38] 65,000[2]–100,000[38] 200,000[38] 200,000[38] 100,000[2]–240,000[38]
Marib 45,000 [72]
Memphis 35,000–100,000[93][72] 44,000[72] 65,000[72] 100,000[72]
Miletus
Niniveh 39,000[75] 100,000[2] 120,000[75]
Pataliputra / Patna 400,000[2]
Populonia 25,000

40,000[98][99][104][105]

Pyongyang
Tarquinia 20,000

25,000

40,000[98][99][104][106]

Thebes, Greece 30,000–60,000[107][108]

[109][110][111]

30,000–60,000
Qufu 100,000[38] 100,000[38]
Rome 4,440[112] 24,400–40,000[113][112] 27,200 28,960[113]
Sais
Shangqiu 100,000 [38] 130,000 [38]
Sravasti 46,000[75]
Sparta 40,000

50,000[114]

Susa 40,000 [75][72] 200,000 [75][72]
Suzhou 100,000 [38]
Syracuse 40,000–200,000[115][116][117][118] 40,000[79] 40,000–125,000[72][79]
Sybaris 100,000

300,000[119]

Taranto 110,000–150,000[120]
Thebes 50,000[2]–120,000[93] 50,000[2]
Vaisali
Veii 25,000–100,000[98][99][104][121][122]
Volsinii 13,000

25,000

40,000[98][99][104][121]

Vulci 15,000

25,000

40,000[98][99][121]

Xiadu 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38] 320,000 [38] 300,000 [38]
Xintian 100,000 [38]
Xinzheng 100,000 [38]
Xue
Yong 100,000 [38]
Table 2: 300 BC-400 AD
City 300 BC 200 BC 100 BC AD 1 AD 100 AD 200 AD 300 AD 361 AD 400
Alexandria 150,000[2] 300,000[2][75]–600,000[38] 400,000[2] 250,000[72]–500,000[123] 500,000[123] 125,000[72]–200,000[75]
Augsburg 25,000–50,000 25,000–50,000[124]
Antioch 120,000[75] 400,000[83] 150,000[72]–250,000[125] 250,000[125] 150,000[72]
Anuradhapura 68,000[75][72] 130,000[75] 72,000[72]
Anyi 100,000 [38]
Athens 25,000[83] 10,000[83] 10,000[83] 90,000[126] 90,000[126]
Autun 40,000–100,000[127][128] 40,000–100,000
Arles 10,000[129] 10,000[129] 75,000[130]
Ayodhya 63,000 [72]
Aquileia 12,000[131] 12,000[131]
Carnuntum 12,000[125]–50,000[132][133] 12,000[125]–50,000[132][133]
Capua 100,000 100,000[94][95] 25,000–40,000
Carthage 150,000–200,000[75] 100,000[75]–300,000[134] 300,000[134]
Chang'an/Xi'an 100,000–400,000[38][2][75] 375,000–400,000[2][38] 246,000–500,000[135][38][2] 81,000–100,000[75][72][38] 120,000[2] 140,000[2] 80,000[72] 100,000[38]
Chengdu 100,000[38] 70,000[72]
Corinth 40,000–100,000[125][83][136]
Cologne 20,000–40,000[137][138] 20,000–40,000[137][139][140]
Byzantium 300,000 [72]
Ctesiphon 250,000 [72]
Cuicuilco 36,000 [72]
Datong 100,000 [38]
El Mirador 200,000[141]
Ephesus 33,600[125]
Izapa 35,000[72]
Kaveri 59,000[72]
Linzi 125,000–350,000[2][38] 100,000[38] 100,000[38] 100,000[38] 100,000[38]
London 30,000 45,000–60,000[142][73][143]
Lugdunum 25,000–50,000[129][144] 25,000–50,000[129][144]
Luoyang 125,000[2]–240,000[38] 60,000[72] 200,000[38] 420,000[38][72] 140,000[2]–250,000[38] 200,000[38]
Milan 25,000–100,000[145][146][147]
Nanjing 56,000[72] 78,000[72] 100,000[38] 150,000[72] 300,000[38]
Nimes 40,000–60,000[148][149][150]
Ostia Antica 25,000[124]–40,000[131] 25,000–50,000[124][131][151]
Paithan 60,000[72] 84,000[72]
Patala 73,000[72]
Pataliputra 350,000[75] 69,000[75][72] 150,000[72]
Peshawar 120,000[75]
Philippi 100,000[152]
Pingcheng 88,000[72] 200,000[2]
Pozzuoli 30,000–50,000 30,000[134]–50,000[124]
Pyay 69,000[72]
Qufu 100,000[38]–125,000[2]
Rhodes (city)[153][154][155] 100,000–200,000 100,000
Rome 100,000[113] 150,000–160,000[72][75] 400,000[2] 800,000–1,000,000[38][2] 450,000–1,000,000[75][2][38] 1,000,000[2] 800,000[2] 150,000[72] 800,000[2]
Salona 25,000[137] 25,000[137]
Seleucia 200,000[72] 400,000[83] 250,000 (CE 2)[75] 150,000[75]–250,000[72]
Shangqiu 100,000[38]
Suzhou 100,000[38] 66,000[72] 95,000[72] 58,000[72]
Syracuse 50,000–200,000[79] 90,000[156] 90,000[156]
Taxila 60,000[72]
Teotihuacán 60,000–80,000[157] 90,000[72]
Thessaloniki 30,000[126] 30,000[126]
Tikal 100,000[158][159]
Tres Zapotes 30,000[72]
Trier 10,000[137] 10,000[137] 50,000–100,000[124][130]
Ujjain 94,000[72] 80,000[72]
Wanxian 100,000[38]
Xiadu 300,000[38]
Xianyang 100,000[38] 100,000–300,000[75]
Xinzheng 120,000[38]–125,000[2]
Xuchang 140,000[2]
Ye 140,000[2] 120,000[72] 100,000[38]

Middle Ages

Early Middle Ages: 500-999 AD
City 500 600 622 700 775 800 900
Aleppo 72,000 [72]
Athens 110,000[160]
Alexandria 94,000[72]–200,000[75] 216,000[75] 200,000[75] 175,000[72]
Angkor 90,000[72]
Anhilpur 80,000[72]
Antioch 150,000[72]
Anuradhapura 70,000[72]
Ayodhya 75,000[72]
Badami 70,000[72]
Baghdad 700,000[47] 175,000[2][72]–2,000,000[161] 900,000[38][75]–2,000,000[161]
Bakhalal 45,000[72]
Basra 100,000[72]
Benares 49,000[72] 59,000[72]
Carthage 100,000[75][72]
Chang'an / Xi'an 95,000[72][38]–400,000[75] 400,000[38]–600,000[2] 400,000[72] 1,000,000[38] 1,000,000[38][75][162] 600,000[72]–1,000,000[38][2] 100,000[38]–750,000[72][2]
Chengdu 94,000[72] 100,000[38] 100,000[38]
Chenla 70,000[72]
Chunar 72,000[72]
Constantinople 450,000[2]–1,000,000[75][163] 150,000[2] 350,000[72]–700,000[164] 125,000[2] 225,000[75] 250,000[72] 300,000[75]–1,000,000[165]
Copán 63,000[72]
Cologne 15,000–20,000[166] 21,000[166]
Córdoba 135,000[73] 160,000[72] 175,000[2][75]–500,000[165]
Ctesiphon 400,000[72] 500,000[72]
Dali 90,000[72]–100,000[38]
Datong 200,000[38]
El Tajín 40,000[72] 40,000[72] 50,000[72]
Fanyang (Youzhou) 100,000[38]
Fustat 100,000[72] 150,000[72]
Gao 72,000[72]
Guangzhou 200,000[38] 200,000[38]
Gwalior 65,000[72]
Jiankang 500,000[38]
Jinyang (Taiyuan) 100,000[38] 100,000[38]
Kannauj 120,000[72] 80,000[72] 80,000[72]
Kanchi 56,000[72] 70,000[72] 51,000[72]
Kyoto 200,000[75] 100,000–200,000[72][38] 200,000[38][75]
Laon 28,000[75]
Lhasa 100,000[38][72]
Luoyang 200,000[72]–500,000 [38] 500,000[38] 200,000[72] 500,000[38] 300,000 [72]–400,000 [38] 150,000 [72]–200,000 [38]
Lyon 12,000[75]
Madurai 70,000[72] 70,000[72]
Mainz 20,000[166] 30,000[166]
Mandsaur 63,000[72]
Manyakheta 100,000[72]
Metz 25,000[75] 14,000[75]
Milan 25,000[75] 30,000 (875)[75]
Naples 30,000[75] 30,000[75] 30,000[75]
Nanjing 150,000[72]–500,000[38]
Nara 100,000[38]
Paris 10,000–30,000[75] 20,000
Patna / Pataliputra 74,000[72]
Poitiers 5,000–9,000[75] 5,000–9,000[75] 10,000[75]
Preslav 60,000[73]
Prambanan 60,000[72] 62,000[72]
Provins 10,000
Pyay 73,000[72] 100,000[72]
Pliska 34,000[167]
Ray 68,000[72]
Regensburg 25,000[166] 25,000
Rennes 10,000
Rome 100,000[168]
[169][170]
50,000[75]–90,000[171] 50,000[75] 50,000[75] 50,000[75] 50,000[172][75] 40,000[75]
Rouen 10,000
Seville 20,000 40,000 35,000 35,000 40,000[73]
Sialkot 85,000 [72]
Speyer 20,000
Suzhou 70,000 [72] 120,000 [38] 100,000 [38] 84,000 [72]–100,000 [38] 81,000 [72]–100,000 [38]
Teotihuacán 125,000[72][157] 60,000[72]
Thessaloniki 100,000 40,000 40,000 50,000 50,000[73]
Tikal 45,000[72] 40,000[72]
Tours 17,000[75] 20,000[75]
Tula 41,000[72] 50,000[72]
Trier 10,000[75] 15,000[75] 15,000–25,000[166]
Venice 37,000[75]
Verona 30,000[75] 25,000
Worms 10,000
Wuchang 100,000[38] 84,000[72]
Ye 200,000[38]
Later Middle Ages: 1000–1399
City 1000 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350
Angkor 200,000[72] 125,000[72] 140,000[72]–1,000,000[173] 150,000[72]
Amalfi 35,000[174]–80,000[73] 10,000–15,000[75]
Ani 100,000[175]–200,000 [176]
Anhilpur 100,000[72] 100,000[72] 135,000[72]
L'Aquila 40,000
Bagan 100,000[72] 150,000[72] 180,000[72] 180,000[72]
Baghdad 125,000[75]–1,200,000 [38] 150,000[72] 250,000[2] 150,000[75]–1,000,000 [38]
Beijing 130,000[72] 140,000[72] 401,000[72] 400,000[72]
Berlin 1,200 7,000
Braunschweig 10,000[166] 21,000[75]
Bruges 12,000[166] 15,000[75] 25,000[75] 36,000[75] 50,000[75]
Cairo 135,000[75] 150,000[72] 175,000[72] 200,000[72]–250,000[2] 300,000[72] 400,000[2][72] 350,000[72]
Chang'an / Xi'an 118,000 [72] 114,000 [72]
Chartres 7,000
Chunar 66,000 [72]
Cologne 21,000[75] 25,000–35,000[75] 32,000–60,000[177] 52,000–60,000[75] 40,000–60,000[139][140][177] 50,000[75]
Constantinople 300,000[75] 200,000[72]–250,000[2] 200,000[72] 150,000[72]–250,000[2] 100,000[75] 150,000[75] 80,000[75]
Córdoba 200,000[2]–450,000[75] 60,000 (1103)[75] 60,000[75] 40,000[75]
Cuttack 100,000 [72] 90,000 [72] 90,000 [72]
Dali 100,000 [38]

90,000 [72]

100,000 [72]
Delhi 80,000 [72] 100,000 [72] 125,000 [72]
Dhar 80,000 [72]
Erfurt 10,000[166] 21,000[75] 32,000[75]
Fanyang (Youzhou) 100,000 [38]
Fes 125,000 [72] 160,000 [72] 200,000 [72] 200,000 [72] 150,000 [72] 125,000 [72]
Florence 13,000 45,000 15,000[75] 110,000[178] 60,000–120,000[75][179] 40,000
Gaur 60,000[72] 90,000[72] 100,000[72]
Genoa 15,000[75]–80,000[178] 30,000[75] 100,000[180] 100,000[75]
Ghent 8,000[166] 12,000[75] 25,000[75] 65,000[181] 42,000[75]–65,000 57,000[75]
Guangzhou 140,000[72] 150,000[72] 150,000[72]
Hangzhou 80,000[72] 90,000[72] 145,000[72]–800,000[2] 255,000[72]–1,000,000[2] 320,000[72]–1,000,000[38] 432,000[72]–800,000[2] 432,000[72]
Jinzhou 85,000 [72]
Kaifeng 400,000[38][75]–1,000,000[2] 442,000[72]–1,000,000[2] 150,000[72] 1,000,000[38]
Kalburgi 70,000[72]
Kalyan 150,000[72] 125,000[72]
Kannauj 72,000[72] 80,000[72] 92,000[72]
Khajuraho (Kalinjar) 50,000[72]
Khambhat 50,000[72] 60,000[72]
Kiev 45,000[75] 48,000[75]–100,000[174][182] 40,000[75]
Kollam 60,000[72]
Kyoto 175,000[38]–300,000[75]
London [183] 5,000–10,000 10,000–20,000 30,000 50,000–100,000[184] 25,000–50,000
Madurai 60,000[72]
Mainz 30,000[75] 30,000[75] 25,000[75] 25,000[75] 25,000[75] 24,000[75]
Manyakheta 71,000[72]
Marrakech 150,000[72] 150,000[72] 150,000[72] 125,000[72]
Merv 200,000[72]
Milan 30,000[75] 45,000 58,000 (1170)[75] 60,000[75]–90,000 150,000 100,000–200,000[185][186] 50,000–200,000[178][185][186][146]
Nabadwip 85,000[72]
Nanjing 130,000[72] 130,000[72] 130,000[72] 95,000[72]
Naples 30,000[75] 30,000[75] 30,000[75] 30,000[75] 30,000–36,000 (1278)[75] 40,000[75] 60,000 (1340)[75]
Nishapur 125,000[72]
Palermo 70,000–350,000[187][188][189] 150,000 150,000[72] 50,000 (1277)[75] 40,000[75]–50,000
Paris 20,000[75] 50,000–65,000[190][191][192][193] 110,000–160,000[75] 80,000[194]–160,000 [72] 228,000–300,000[72][195] 215,000–300,000 [72]
Polonnaruwa 75,000[72]
Prague 10,000[166] 22,000[75] 40,000[75] 50,000[75]
Puri 78,000[72] 72,000[72]
Ramavati 75,000[72]
Regensburg 40,000[166][174] 30,000
Rome 35,000[174][75] 20,000[196]–35,000[75] 17,000[197]–30,000[75] 15,000[198]–17,000[75]
Rouen 20,000[75] 20,000[75] 30,000–40,000[75] 50,000[75] 40,000–50,000[75]
Salerno 50,000[189] 50,000[75] 50,000 10,000 (1320)[75]
Sarai 120,000[72]
Shangjing 140,000[38]
Speyer 25,000 30,000[75] 30,000[75] 30,000[75] 30,000[75] 25,000[75]
Suzhou 100,000[38] 96,000[72]
Tabriz 125,000[72] 100,000[72]
Thanjavur 88,000[72]
Thessaloniki 40,000 150,000[199] 150,000[199] 150,000[199] 100,000 100,000[200] 100,000–150,000[174][199][201]
Trier 20,000[166] 20,000[75] 20,000[75] 25,000[75]
Venice 45,000–60,000[145][202][203][204] 58,000 64,000–70,000[75] 70,000–80,000[185][75] 45,000[180] 100,000–120,000[72][185] 65,228 (1363)
Veliky Novgorod 10,000–18,000 20,000–40,000 50,000–400,000[205][206][207]
Vijayanagar 100,000[72]
Warangal 63,000[72] 80,000[72]
Worms 20,000[166] 28,000[75] 25,000[75] 20,000[75]
Ypres 40,000–200,000[208] 30,000[75]
Renaissance: 1400–1599
City 1400 1450 1500 1550 1575
Adrianople / Edirne 28,000[75] 85,000[75] 125,000[75] 160,000[75] 183,000[75]
Agra 75,000[75] 200,000[72]
Ahmedabad 70,000[75] 80,000[75]–100,000[72] 140,000[72]–175,000[75]
Ahmednagar 70,000[72]
Antwerp 18,000 (1374) 20,000 (1444) 49,000 90,000–200,000[209] 104,984 (1568)[75][72]
Augsburg 14,000[75] 17,000 (1471)[75] 30,000–50,000[210][211][212] 55,000–60,000[75]
Bago 150,000[72] 175,000[72]
Beijing 150,000[72] 600,000[72] 672,000[47][72]–1,000,000[38] 690,000[72] 706,000[72]
Bursa 95,000[75] 130,000[72]
Bruges 37,000–125,000[185] 25,000 40,000 29,000 (1584)[75]
Cairo 125,000–360,000[2][72] 380,000[72] 400,000[2][75] 360,000[72] 275,000[72]
Chan Chan 60,000–100,000[213] 5,000–10,000[214]
Chang'an / Xi'an 150,000[75] 150,000[75] 127,000[72] 150,000[75]
Cologne 40,000[75] 30,000–45,000[75] 37,000[75]
Constantinople / Istanbul 75,000[75] 40,000–50,000[201] 200,000[75] 660,000[72] 680,000[72]
Cuttack 75,000[72] 100,000[72] 140,000[72] 90,000[72]
Cusco 45,000[75]–300,000[215][216]
Delhi 80,000[72]–100,000[75] 160,000[75]
Fes 125,000[72] 130,000[72]
Florence 45,000–61,000[75][178][217] 54,000 (1470)[75] 55,000–70,000[189][178][218] 59,216 (1562)[75]
Gao 60,000[72]
Gaur 150,000[72] 200,000[72]
Ghent 70,000[75] 55,000–80,000[75] 50,000[75]
Genoa 80,000–100,000[178][179] 120,000 (1460)[75] 58,000–150,000[189][178][75] 65,000
Granada 100,000[75] 165,000[72] 70,000[189][75]
Guangzhou 150,000[72] 175,000[72] 150,000[72] 160,000[72] 170,000[72]
Gwalior 80,000[72]
Hangzhou 235,000[72]–1,500,000[38] 250,000[72] 250,000[75] 260,000[72] 260,000[72]
Jaunpur 100,000[72]
Kalburgi 90,000[72]
Kano 50,000[72]
Khambhat 60,000[72]
Kollam 60,000[72]
London[183] 45,000[75] 75,000[75] 50,000–100,000 76,000[75]
Lyon 20,000–35,000[75] 60,000[75] 33,000–80,000[75] 60,000–120,000[75]
Magdeburg 20,000[75] 24,000[75] 32,000[75] 40,000[75]
Mandu 70,000[72]
Milan 125,000[180][185] 110,000[75] 80,000–104,000[178][75] 85,000[75] 115,000 (1574)
Nanjing 487,000[72] 150,000[72] 157,000[72] 182,000[72] 188,000[72]
Naples 40,000–100,000[75][179] 60,000 (1435)[75] 125,000[75][189] 209,000[72]245,000 (1547)[75] 215,000[72]
Nuremberg 18,000[75] 25,982 (1449)[75] 38,000–52,000[75]
Oyo-Ile 60,000[72]
Paris 275,000[180]–280,000 [72] 150,000[72] 185,000–225,000[75][219][189] 210,000–260,000[75][72] 220,000–350,000[72][220]
Prague 95,000[75] 70,000[75] 70,000[75] 70,000[75]
Rome 33,000[75] 33,500 (1458)[75] 38,000[75]–55,000
Samarkand 130,000[72]
Seoul 100,000[75] 125,000[72] 150,000[75] 125,000[75]
Seville 15,000 (1384)[221] 60,000[221] 65,000 109,000 (1565)[221]
Suzhou 129,000[72]
Tabriz 150,000[72] 200,000[72] 250,000[72]
Tenochtitlan/Mexico City 80,000[75]–250,000[222] 60,000[75]
Texcoco 60,000[72]
Venice 85,000–200,000[178][179] 150,000 (1423)[185] 110,000–115,000[180][75] 171,000[72] 134,871 (1581)
Vijayanagar 400,000[72] 455,000[72] 500,000[75] 480,000[72]

Early Modern era

City 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800 1825 1850 1875
Adrianople/Edirne 160,000[75] 132,000[75] 93,000[75] 96,000[75] 100,000[75] 125,000[75] 85,000[75]
Agra 500,000[72] 500,000[75] 85,000[75] 60,000[75] 125,262 (1852) 149,008 (1872)[223]
Ahmedabad 225,000[75] 275,000[75] 380,000[72] 120,000[75] 89,000[75] 87,000 (1824) 94,390 (1846) 116,873 (1872)[223]
Amsterdam 59,551[224] 176,873[224] 235,224 233,952[72] 203,485 197,231 (1820) 223,700[225] 279,221 (1870)
Augsburg 48,000[226][210][227] 21,018 (1645)[75][228] 26,000[75] 31,000[75] 28,000[226]–32,000[75] 35,000[75] 57,210
Ayutthaya 100,000[75]–300,000[38] 120,000[75]–300,000 150,000–1,000,000[38] 30,000[75]
Beijing 706,000[75]–1,000,000[38] 470,000[72] 650,000[75] 900,000[72] 1,100,000[38][75] 1,350,000[72] 1,648,000[72] 1,310,000[75]
Berlin 16,000 6,500[229] 56,600 (1709)[75] 90,000–113,289[229][75] 172,132[229] 247,500 (1830) 419,000[229]–446,000[75] 966,900–1,122,330[229][72]
Breslau 33,000–40,000[75][210] 37,000[75] 40,000[75] 52,000[75] 64,520[75] 89,500 (1831) 114,000[75] 239,050[75]
Brussels 55,000[75] 70,000[75] 70,000[75] 55,000[75]–60,000[225] 66,297[75][225] 208,000[75]–251,000[225] 314,000 (1870)[225]
Cairo 200,000[72]–400,000[75] 350,000[75] 350,000[75] 300,000[75] 210,960 257,783 267,160 345,028
Cologne 37,000–40,000[75][210] 37,000 (1670)[75] 39,000[75] 43,000[225] 41,000[75] 59,049 94,781 (1849)[225] 135,371
Copenhagen 40,000[75] 29,000 62,000[75] 93,000[225] 101,000[225] 108,000[75] 150,000 260,000
Danzig 49,000[75] 70,000 50,000[75] 47,000[75] 41,072[75] 61,900 65,000[75] 90,500 (1874)
Delhi 400,000[75] 500,000[75] 100,000[75] 125,000[75] 150,000[75] 156,000[75] 154,417 (1872)[230]
Edo (Tokyo) 60,000[72] 430,000 688,000–1,000,000 (1721)[72][231] 509,000[75] 685,000[72] 530,000[75] 567,000[75] 595,905 (1873)[232]
Esfahān 125,000[75] 350,000[72] 350,000[72] 60,000[75] 50,000[75] 60,000[75] 76,088 (1870)
Glasgow[233] 7,000 14,000 14,000 23,500[225] 77,000[225] 170,000 329,000 494,000
Guangzhou 180,000[72] 200,000[72] 200,000[72] 400,000[72] 800,000–1,000,000[72][38] 900,000[72] 875,000[72] 944,000[75]
Hangzhou 270,000[72] 281,000[72] 303,000[72] 340,000[72] 387,000[72] 410,000[72] 700,000[75]
Constantinople/Istanbul 400,000–700,000[2][72] 700,000[72] 600,000–700,000[2][72] 625,000[72] 570,000[72] 675,000[72] 785,000[72] 827,750 (1874)
Hamburg 40,000[210] 75,000 70,000[75] 75,000–90,000[234][75] 130,000[234] 124,838 (1830) 193,000[75] 338,974 (1871)
Kagoshima 50,000 51,000[75] 57,000[75] 67,000[72] 72,350[75] 72,000[75] 89,374 (1873)
Kanazawa 50,000[75] 55,106[75] 67,000[72] 78,000[75] 97,000[75] 103,000[75] 116,000[75] 109,685 (1873)
Kyoto 300,000 [72] 350,000[235] 350,000[72]–400,000+[236][237] 526,225[235] 377,000[75] 350,000[75] 290,000 238,663 (1873)[238]
Lahore 350,000[75] 200,000[75]–360,000[72] 100,000[75] 94,000[75] 99,000 (1872)[238]
Lisbon 110,000[75] 165,000 (1639)[75] 188,000[75] 148,000–213,000[234][75] 180,000–237,000[234][75] 249,000[75] 240,000–259,000[234][75] 235,000 (1870)[234]
Liverpool 5,714 22,000[234] 77,653 (1801)[234] 170,000[75] 375,955 (1851)[239] 493,405 (1871)[234]
London 187,000[75]–200,000[183] 350,000–410,000 [72][183] 550,000–600,000[72][183][2] 676,000–700,000[72][183] 861,000–959,300 (1801) [183][72] 1,335,000[72] 2,320,000–2,363,000 (1851)[183][72] 4,241,000[72]
Lyon 40,000 75,000 97,000 114,000[234] 102,167 (1793) 115,841 (1820) 221,609 (1852) 301,307 (1872)
Madrid 79,000[75] 94,000 (1646)[75]–130,000 110,000[75] 109,000[234]–123,000[75] 160,000[234]–169,000[75] 181,400 (1826)[75] 263,000[234][75] 397,816 (1877)
Manchester 3,000 9,000 17,101 (1758)[234] 88,777 (1801) 108,016 (1821) 303,385 (1851)[239] 379,374 (1871)
Marseille 55,000[75] 65,000 (1665)[75] 88,000[75] 68,000[234]–88,000[75] 110,000[75] 119,000[75] 193,000[75] 313,000 (1872)[234]
Mexico City 75,000[75] 90,000[75] 100,000[75] 110,000[75] 128,000[75] 176,000[75] 170,000[239][75] 250,000[75]
Milan[180] 119,000–150,000[75] 105,000[75] 113,000–124,000[75][187] 123,618[75][234] 134,528[75]–160,000 168,000[75] 193,000[75] 261,976 (1871)[234]
Moscow 80,000[75] 200,000 (1638) 130,000[75] 130,000–161,000[234][75] 238,000[75] 241,500 373,800[239] 601,969 (1871)
Munich 18,000–20,000[75] 17,000 24,000[75] 32,000[234] 40,450[234] 62,290 96,398 193,024
Nagoya 65,000[75] 65,000[72] 96,000[75] 92,000[72] 116,000 125,193 (1873)[238]
Nanjing 194,000[72] 178,000[72] 300,000[75] 285,000[75] 220,000[75] 200,000[75] 300,000[75]
Naples 224,000[72]–275,000[75] 400,000 [240][241] 207,000[180][75] 310,000[72]–324,000[75] 430,000[72] 350,000[72] 413,000[239]–416,000[75] 415,549 (1871)
New York City 5,000 13,000 61,000 202,000 (1830) [242] 515,594 [243] 1,900,000 [72]
Nuremberg 40,000–45,000[210][226][75] 40,000[75] 35,000[75] 30,000[234] 27,000[234][226] 54,000[234] 91,017
Osaka 200,000–360,000[72] 220,000 350,000–380,000[237][72] 400,000 (1749)[236] 383,000–500,000 (1783)[75][236] 340,000[75] 330,000 271,992 (1873)[244]
Paris 245,000–250,000[72] 455,000[72] 530,000[72] 556,000[72] 547,756[72][245] 855,000 [72] 1,314,000 [72] 2,250,000 [72]
Philadelphia 41,220 80,462 (1830) 121,376 674,022 (1870)
Prague 60,000 25,000 48,000[75] 58,000[246] 77,403[246][75] 98,000 117,000[246] 157,000 (1870)[246]
Rome 109,729[75] 124,000 149,447[180][75] 157,881[246][75] 153,004[75] 135,046 (1820) 170,824[75]–175,000[246] 212,432 (1871)
Rouen 70,000[75] 68,000[75] 88,000[75] 85,000[75] 104,000[75]
Saint Petersburg 74,273 [236] 217,948 [236] 438,000 [72] 532,241 (1852) [239] 1,035,000
Seoul 150,000[72] 158,000[72] 187,000[72] 190,000[75] 192,000[75] 194,000[75]
Seville 121,000 (1597)[221]–144,000[75] 65,000 80,000[75] 66,000[246] 80,915 (1787) 75,000 (1820) 106,000[246] 133,247 (1877)
Sunpu 100,000 [72] 31,555 (1873)[244]
Suzhou 175,000[75] 145,000[75] 245,000[75] 302,000[75] 243,000[72] 302,000[72] 550,000[75] 250,000[75]
Venice[180] 188,970 (1607) 158,772 (1655) 137,867 (1696) 147,470 (1740) 137,240 (1795) 109,927 106,000[246]–141,000[75] 129,676
Vienna[247][248] 50,000[210] 60,000 113,000 175,400 235,098 401,200 551,300 1,162,591
Xi'an 138,000[72] 147,000[75] 167,000[72] 195,000[72] 224,000[72] 259,000[72] 275,000[75] 250,000[75]
Yamaguchi 80,000 [72]

Current

See List of cities by population for current data.

See also

References

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Further reading

External links

  • Interactive Map: Urban Growth (BBC, covering 1955–2015)
  • Early Medieval and Byzantine Civilization: Constantine to Crusades
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