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Hirakud Town
Hirakud Town is located in Odisha
Hirakud Town
Hirakud Town
Location in Odisha, India
Hirakud Town is located in India
Hirakud Town
Hirakud Town
Hirakud Town (India)
Coordinates: 21°31′N 83°52′E / 21.52°N 83.87°E / 21.52; 83.87Coordinates: 21°31′N 83°52′E / 21.52°N 83.87°E / 21.52; 83.87
Country  India
State Odisha
District Sambalpur
160 m (520 ft)
 • Total 30,207
 • Official Sambalpuri
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registration OD
Website odisha.gov.in

Hirakud is a small township located in Sambalpur in Odisha. It was a Notified Area which finally included along with Burla in Sambalpur city to obtain the Corporation tag. It was earlier a village which came to the industrial limelight in 1956 when Hirakud Dam was built and thereby clearing the path for industrial growth in this earlier known rustic small township. Presently, this town is known for being industrialized with a few of the largest companies, to cite as example is the HINDALCO. Hirakud Dam, with its potential for irrigation and production of hydroelectric power, has also been able to attract tourists for it being the largest manmade artificial lake in Asia and one of the longest and largest dams in the world. It has been constructed on the Mahanadi river between the Gandhi Minar in North and the Nehru Minar in the South which connects these two well known hills. The shoreline spans around 640 km.At the base of Hirakud Dam Burla power house present with generating capacity 290MW.

Fisherman working near the left dyke of Hirakud Dam


Hirakud is a Notified Area Committee city in district of Sambalpur, Orissa. The Hirakud city is divided into 17 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The Hirakud Notified Area Committee has population of 30,207 of which 15,698 are males while 14,509 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.

Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3513 which is 11.63% of total population of Hirakud (NAC). In Hirakud Notified Area Committee, Female Sex Ratio is of 924 against state average of 979. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Hirakud is around 903 compared to Orissa state average of 941. Literacy rate of Hirakud city is 84.00% higher than state average of 72.87%. In Hirakud, Male literacy is around 90.39% while female literacy rate is 77.11%.

Hirakud Notified Area Committee has total administration over 6,963 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Notified Area Committee limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction. [1]


Hirakud was conceptualized as an industrial town by the erstwhile Chief Minister of Odisha, Biju Patnaik. On completion of the Hirakud Dam, power intensive industries such as aluminium smelters, cable manufacturing, steel re-rolling mills etc. established their presence in Hirakud. In the 1970s, Hirakud was a major industrial centre of Odisha, perhaps second only to Rourkela. At this point in time however, the main functional industry at Hirakud is the aluminium smelter of Hindalco and its associated units. As rural communities around Hirakud are primarily dependent on agriculture, Fertilizer Corporation of India (FCI) Hirakud helps in storing and managing the food grains of nearby districts as well.

Educational institutions

  • Hirakud College is a government degree college providing undergraduate programmes for Bachelor in Arts and Commerce. The medium of teaching is English, and the minimum entry level qualification is +2 arts/commerce stream. It is affiliated to Sambalpur University.[2]
  • Saraswati shishu vidya mandir The school is in odiya medium . Saraswati shishu vidya mandir is a unique institution based on Indian tradition and culture. In all over India there are approximately 25,000 institutions running under the guidance of Vidya bharati. "Shiksha Vikash Samiti, Orissa" is a registered organization affiliated to Vidya Bharati.It is having classes from nursery to class Tenth.
  • Hirakud ITI(Industrial Training Institute) ITI, Hirakud, one of the oldest and premier institution in Odisha established in the year of 1956, is imparting training in western part of the state and different trades have been introduced from time to time considering the need of industries.[3]
  • Govt Boys and Girls High School Two high schools, one for boys and another for girls is being run by State Govt of Odisha.

Banking Facilities

Three nationalised banks i.e. State Bank of India, Andhra Bank, and UCO Bank are currently functioning in hirakud . Besides the ATM facilities of all the above banks and Axis bank, ICICI bank, Punjab National Bank etc are also present .


  1. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/data/town/801810-hirakud-orissa.html
  2. ^ http://www.hirakudcollege.org/
  3. ^ http://www.itihkd.com/index.php

External links

Sambalpur travel guide from Wikivoyage

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