Hinterrhein, Switzerland

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Hinterrhein
Hinterrhein Dorf.jpg
Coat of arms of Hinterrhein
Coat of arms
Hinterrhein is located in Switzerland
Hinterrhein
Hinterrhein
Hinterrhein is located in Canton of Graubünden
Hinterrhein
Hinterrhein
Coordinates: 46°32′N 9°12′E / 46.533°N 9.200°E / 46.533; 9.200Coordinates: 46°32′N 9°12′E / 46.533°N 9.200°E / 46.533; 9.200
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Viamala
Area[1]
 • Total 48.3 km2 (18.6 sq mi)
Elevation (Kirche Hinterrhein) 1,620 m (5,310 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 68
 • Density 1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi)
Postal code 7438
SFOS number 3691
Surrounded by Blenio (TI), Malvaglia (TI), Mesocco, Nufenen, Vals
Website www.hinterrhein.ch
SFSO statistics

Hinterrhein (Romansh: Valragn) is a village and a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. The village is located near the start of the river Hinterrhein/Rein Posteriur, one of the two initial tributaries of the Rhine.

History

Hinterrhein is first mentioned in 1219 as de Reno.[3]

Geography

The river Hinterrhein near Hinterrhein

Hinterrhein has an area, as of 2006, of 48.4 km2 (18.7 sq mi). Of this area, 22.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 7.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (68.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Rheinwald sub-district, of the Hinterrhine district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It is a haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) located on the northern portal of the San Bernardino tunnel.

Demographics

Hinterrhein has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 68.[2] As of 2008, 6.4% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has stayed stable.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 57.7% male and 42.3% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Hinterrhein is; 9 people or 8.6% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 2 people or 1.9% are 10 to 14, and 6 people or 5.7% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 14 people or 13.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 19 people or 18.1% are 30 to 39, 19 people or 18.1% are 40 to 49, and 11 people or 10.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 14 people or 13.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 9 people or 8.6% are 70 to 79, there are 2 people or 1.9% who are 80 to 89.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 76.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (12.3%), the SPS (6.5%) and the CVP (4.5%).[4]

In Hinterrhein about 44.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Hinterrhein has an unemployment rate of 0.36%. As of 2005, there were 28 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 12 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 11 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1781 171
1850 163
1900 147
1950 94
1960 86
1970 77
1980 75
1990 68
2000 105

Languages

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (75.2%), with Italian being second most common (14.3%) and Portuguese being third ( 5.7%).[4]

Languages in Hinterrhein
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 75 100% 66 97.06% - 75.2%
Romansh 0 0.00% 1 1.47% - 1.0%
Italian 0 0.00% 1 1.47% - 14.3%
Total 75 100% 68 100% 105 100%

Heritage sites of national significance

The Alte Landbrücke (Old Bridge) is listed as a Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[8]

Climate

Between 1961 and 1990 Hinterrhein had an average of 121.4 days of rain per year and on average received 1,469 mm (57.8 in) of precipitation. The wettest month was May during which time Hinterrhein received an average of 194 mm (7.6 in) of precipitation. During this month there was precipitation for an average of 14.2 days. The driest month of the year was February with an average of 45 mm (1.8 in) of precipitation over 14.2 days.[9]

Climate data for Hinterrhein (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
2.6
(36.7)
5.6
(42.1)
11.2
(52.2)
15.3
(59.5)
18.1
(64.6)
17.5
(63.5)
13.6
(56.5)
9.6
(49.3)
3.0
(37.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
7.8
(46)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.3
(20.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.6
(34.9)
6.5
(43.7)
10.0
(50)
12.5
(54.5)
12.0
(53.6)
8.5
(47.3)
4.6
(40.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
−5.0
(23)
2.9
(37.2)
Average low °C (°F) −11.6
(11.1)
−11.9
(10.6)
−7.4
(18.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.8
(35.2)
4.3
(39.7)
6.4
(43.5)
6.5
(43.7)
3.5
(38.3)
0.1
(32.2)
−5.3
(22.5)
−9.6
(14.7)
−2.2
(28)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 50
(1.97)
37
(1.46)
65
(2.56)
137
(5.39)
197
(7.76)
175
(6.89)
171
(6.73)
184
(7.24)
186
(7.32)
179
(7.05)
150
(5.91)
67
(2.64)
1,598
(62.91)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 80.1
(31.54)
63
(24.8)
71.4
(28.11)
66.5
(26.18)
13.2
(5.2)
8.6
(3.39)
0.2
(0.08)
1.1
(0.43)
3.7
(1.46)
17.8
(7.01)
42.7
(16.81)
68.8
(27.09)
437.1
(172.09)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.7 5.6 7.2 10.1 13.0 12.4 11.8 12.2 9.4 9.7 8.8 7.2 114.1
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 8.9 8.4 8.1 7.1 2.1 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.5 1.8 5.8 9 52.8
Average relative humidity (%) 73 72 72 73 73 73 73 76 77 76 76 75 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 59 94 117 112 149 166 193 174 128 103 58 39 1,391
Source: MeteoSwiss [10]

References

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ a b Hinterrhein in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 5 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 06-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers Archived 24 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 27 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 1 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 06-Oct-2009
  9. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1611 meters above sea level.
  10. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Archived from the original on 14 May 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013.  The weather station elevation is 1611 meters above sea level.

External links

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