Hilary Marquand

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The Right Honourable
Hilary Marquand
Minister of Health
In office
17 January 1951 – 26 October 1951
Monarch George VI
Prime Minister Clement Attlee
Preceded by Aneurin Bevan
Succeeded by Harry Crookshank
Minister of Pensions
In office
2 July 1948 – 17 January 1951
Monarch George VI
Prime Minister Clement Attlee
Preceded by George Buchanan
Succeeded by George Isaacs
Paymaster General
In office
1947–1948
Monarch George VI
Prime Minister Clement Attlee
Preceded by Arthur Greenwood
Succeeded by Viscount Addison
Member of Parliament
for Middlesbrough East
In office
23 February 1950 – 30 November 1961
Preceded by Alfred Edwards
Succeeded by Arthur Bottomley
Member of Parliament
for Cardiff East
In office
5 July 1945 – 23 February 1950
Preceded by James Grigg
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Shadow Cabinet positions
Opposition Chief Spokesman on Commonwealth Affairs
In office
1959–1961
Leader Hugh Gaitskell
Shadowing The Lord Ismay
The Marquess of Salisbury
Philip Cunliffe-Lister
Alec Douglas-Home
Duncan Sandys
Opposition Chief Spokesman on Pensions
In office
1951 – 1959
Leader Clement Attlee
Hugh Gaitskell
Shadowing Derick Heathcoat-Amory
Osbert Peake
John Boyd-Carpenter
Personal details
Born Hilary Adair Marquand
24 December 1901
Cardiff, Wales
Died 6 November 1972
Political party Labour
Spouse(s)
Rachel Eluned Rees (m. 1929)
Alma mater University College, Cardiff

Hilary Adair Marquand, PC (24 December 1901 – 6 November 1972) was a British economist and Labour Party politician.[1]

Life and career

He was born in Cardiff, the son of Alfred Marquand of Saint Peter Port, Guernsey, a clerk in a coal exporting company & his wife Mary née Adair, who was of Scottish ancestry. He was educated at Cardiff High School and at University College, Cardiff (State Scholar) where he studied history and economics, completing his undergraduate studies in 1924. He subsequently spent two years in the United States as a Rockefeller Foundation Fellow: upon his return to the UK he was a lecturer in Economics at the University of Birmingham from 1926–1930, and Professor of Industrial Relations, University College, Cardiff, 1930–1945. At the time of his appointment in Cardiff he was 29 years old, making him the youngest Professor at a British university at the time.[1]

He was Director of Industrial Surveys of South Wales, 1931 and 1936, Member of the Cardiff Advisory Committee UAB. He spent a year in the USA in the study of Industrial Relations, 1932–1933 and was Visiting Professor of Economics at Wisconsin University in 1938–1939. He was an Acting Principal at the Board of Trade, 1940–1941, and Deputy Controller, Wales Division, of the Ministry of Labour, 1941–1942 and Labour Adviser to the Ministry of Production, 1943–1944.

Although he was from a staunchly Conservative family, Marquand joined the Labour Party in 1920 and the Fabian Society in 1936. He was elected as Member of Parliament for Cardiff East from 1945–1950, where he defeated the then War Secretary James Grigg to take the seat,[1] and for Middlesbrough East from 1950–1961[2]. He was Secretary for Overseas Trade from 1945–1947; Paymaster-General, 1947–1948; Minister of Pensions, 1948–1951; and Minister of Health, January–October 1951. He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1949.

Following the defeat for Labour at the 1951 general election, Marquand was a prominent member of the Shadow Cabinet, serving as chief spokesman on pensions until 1959 and as chief spokesman on Commonwealth affairs under Hugh Gaitskell from 1959 to 1961.[1]

He undertook lecture tours for the British Council in India, Pakistan and Ceylon, 1952–1953, in West Indies, 1954 and 1959 and in Finland, 1957, and was a representative at the Assemblies of the Council of Europe and Western European Union, 1957–1959. He was Deputy Chairman of the National Board for Prices and Incomes, 1965–1968. He was an Honorary Member of Phi Beta Kappa.

Increasingly unhappy with factional infighting within Labour,[1] Marquand resigned his seat in Parliament in 1961, to take up the post of Director of the International Institute for Labour Studies, in Geneva. The consequent by-election was won by the Labour candidate Arthur Bottomley. He served in Geneva until 1965.[1]

Personal life

Hilary Marquand married Rachel Eluned Rees, a schoolteacher, on 20 August 1929. Their daughter Diana Marquand is an environmental campaigner and was a senior social worker. Their son David Marquand is also an academic and was a Labour MP from 1966 to 1977, while a younger son Richard Marquand became a notable Hollywood director.[1]

Marquand died in 1972 at Hellingly Hospital, aged 70,[1] and was buried at Cathays Cemetery, Cardiff.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Jones, John Graham (2008). "Marquand, Hilary Adair". National Library of Wales, Dictionary of Welsh Biography. Retrieved 2018-03-21.
  2. ^ Rayment, Leigh. "House of Commons". Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page. Retrieved 2018-04-19.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
P.J. Grigg
Member of Parliament for Cardiff East
19451950
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Alfred Edwards
Member of Parliament for Middlesbrough East
1950–1961
Succeeded by
Arthur Bottomley
Political offices
Preceded by
Arthur Greenwood
Paymaster General
1947–1948
Succeeded by
Viscount Addison
Preceded by
George Buchanan
Minister of Pensions
1948–1951
Succeeded by
George Isaacs
Preceded by
Aneurin Bevan
Minister of Health
1951
Succeeded by
Harry Crookshank
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