Heysham

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Heysham
St. Peter's Church, Heysham.JPG
St Peter's Church
Heysham is located in the City of Lancaster district
Heysham
Heysham
Shown within the City of Lancaster district
Heysham is located in Lancashire
Heysham
Heysham
Heysham shown within Lancashire
Population 17,016 
OS grid reference SD415615
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MORECAMBE
Postcode district LA3
Dialling code 01524
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
54°02′46″N 2°53′38″W / 54.046°N 2.894°W / 54.046; -2.894Coordinates: 54°02′46″N 2°53′38″W / 54.046°N 2.894°W / 54.046; -2.894

Heysham (/ˈhʃəm/ (About this sound listen) HEE-shəm) is a large coastal village near Lancaster, Lancashire, England, overlooking Morecambe Bay. It is a ferry port, with services to the Isle of Man and Ireland, and the site of two nuclear power stations.

Demography

Administratively, Heysham is part of the City of Lancaster district, with three wards: Heysham Central (with a population of 4,397),[1] increasing to 4,478 at the 2011 Census,[2] Heysham North (5,477),[3] decreasing to 5,274 at the 2011 Census[4] and Heysham South (6,262);[5] increasing to 7,264 at the 2011 Census.[6] Together they have a population of 16,136 (2001 census), or 17,016 (2011 census), although these extend into areas beyond the village of Heysham itself, which has a population of approximately 6,500.

History

Stone graves overlooking Morecambe Bay

Of historical interest are the stone graves in the ruins of the ancient St. Patrick's Chapel, close to St Peter's Church. They are thought to date from the 11th century,[citation needed] and are hewn from solid rock. Local legend has it that St Patrick landed here after crossing from Ireland and established the chapel. However it has been established that the chapel was built around 300 years after Patrick's death. These stone graves appear on the cover of the Black Sabbath CD, "The Best of Black Sabbath".

The grounds of St Peter's Church contain many Saxon and Viking remains, and the church itself contains a Viking hogback stone. The purpose of these strange stone sculptures is the subject of much debate; they are found mainly in the Northern England and also in Scotland, Wales, Ireland and a few areas of Southern England with Viking links. Heysham also contains one of only three sites in Britain and Ireland that contain a pre-Roman labyrinth carving, the others being located at Tintagel, Cornwall and Hollywood, Co. Wicklow, Ireland[7][8]

Lancaster Museum holds artefacts from the area such as stone axe and hammer heads (some weighing up to 4 kg (9 lb)) dating back to the New Stone Age. Many of these artefacts and their original location suggest that this was an ancient burial ground, or barrow; the area is still known locally as "The Barrows". The Barrows are the only sea-cliffs in Lancashire and contain, in a relatively small area, woodland, open grassland, sandy beaches and deep rock pools.

Heysham Heritage Centre is housed in the barn of a Longhouse in Main Street. The building is owned by the Heritage Trust for the North West, who also own the cottage part of the longhouse, 22 Main Street. The Heritage Centre is run by volunteers, most of whom belong to Heysham Heritage Association.[9]

Community

Heysham won Britain in Bloom Gold Small Village awards in both 2005 and 2007.

Heysham also had a large outdoor karting track on Heysham Head where racing legend Nigel Mansell used to race in his teenage years.

Heysham is the terminus of the Stanlow-Heysham oil pipeline, and of a gas pipeline that originates in Morecambe field in the Irish Sea.[10]

Industry and transport

Heysham Port started operation in 1904 with a ferry service to the Isle of Man, as well as freight to Ireland and services for the eastern Irish Sea and Morecambe Bay gas fields. A SeaCat service to Belfast started in 1999. Some ferries connect with trains from Heysham Port railway station to Lancaster via the Morecambe Branch Line.

The Bay Gateway dual carriageway opened in October 2016, connecting Heysham directly to the M6.[11]

Notable people

The artist J. M. W. Turner visited Heysham in the 1790s when travelling throughout Britain. On a visit in August 1816[12] he made sketches which formed the basis of his subsequent watercolour Heysham and Cumberland Mountains (British Museum); it depicts the village with the Lakeland backdrop across Morecambe Bay.

Professional footballer David Perkins was born in Heysham.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2006. 
  2. ^ "Central Ward popln". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2006. 
  4. ^ "North ward census 2011". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2006. 
  6. ^ "South ward population 2011". 
  7. ^ Nash, George (2008). "The Heysham labyrinth, Morecambe Bay, northern England". Rock Art Research. 25 (2). 
  8. ^ "The Labyrinth". rockartuk.wordpress.com. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  9. ^ http://www.heyshamheritage.org.uk/html/hha.html
  10. ^ "United Kingdom and Ireland Pipelines map". theodora.com. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.itv.com/news/granada/update/2016-10-31/heysham-link-road-opens/
  12. ^ In Turner's Footsteps, through the hills and dales of Northern England: David Hill : John Murray 1984

External links

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