Hewitt's red rock hare

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Hewitt's red rock hare
Scientific classification
P. saundersiae
Binomial name
Pronolagus saundersiae
Hewitt, 1927[2]
Hewitt's Red Rock Hare area.png
Hewitt Red Rock Hare range
  • Pronolagus barretti Roberts, 1949[3]
  • Pronolagus bowkeri Hewitt, 1927[4]
  • Pronolagus australis Roberts, 1933[5]

The Hewitt's red rock hare (Pronolagus saundersiae) is a species of mammal in the family Leporidae. It had previously been classified as a subspecies of Pronolagus rupestris, but is now regarded as its own species due to differences in morphology and genetic differences in cytochrome b, and 12S rRNA.[8]

Taxonomic history

This species was named by John Hewitt (1880–1961), who was the director of the Albany Museum, South Africa.[9] Hewitt originally described this taxon as a subspecies of Pronolagus crassicaudatus in his 1927 description.[7] Its type locality was Grahamstown.[10][11]

He described this taxon based and skulls from Albany district, collected by Enid Saunders and Frank Bowker; the species is named after Saunders.[12]

It was later classified as a subspecies of Pronolagus rupestris by various zoologists,[13] including Ellerman,Morrison-Scott and Hayman,[10] as well as Hoffman and Smith for the third edition of Mammal Species of the World.[6]

Works which list it as its own species include: the IUCN Red List,[1] Mammals of Africa,[7] and Jonathan Kingdon's field guide.[14]


  1. ^ a b Smith, A. T.; Johnston, C. H. (2008). "Pronolagus saundersiae". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e.T136713A4330583. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T136713A4330583.en. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
  2. ^ Hewitt 1927, pp. 434–437; Pl. 26, fig. 2.
  3. ^ Roberts, Austen (1949). "A New Pronolagus from Natal". Annals of the Transvaal Museum. 21 (1): 179–180. hdl:10520/AJA00411752_472.
  4. ^ Hewitt 1927, pp. 437–439; Pl. 26, fig. 1; Pl. 27, fig. 7.
  5. ^ Roberts, Austin (1933). "Eleven new forms of South African mammals". Annals of the Transvaal Museum. 15 (2): 270. hdl:10520/AJA00411752_604.
  6. ^ a b Hoffman, R.S.; Smith, A.T. (2005). "Order Lagomorpha". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  7. ^ a b c Happold, D. C. D. (2013). "Pronolagus saundersiae Hewitt's Red Rock-hare". In Happold, David C. D. Rodents, Hares and Rabbits. Mammals of Africa. 3. London: Bloomsbury. p. 717. ISBN 978-1-4081-8992-4.
  8. ^ Robinson, T. J.; Matthee, C. A. (2005). "Phylogeny and evolutionary origins of the Leporidae: a review of cytogenetics, molecular analyses and a supermatrix analysis". Mammal Review. 35 (3–4): 241. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2907.2005.00073.x.
  9. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael, eds. (2009). "Hewitt". The Eponym Dictionary of Mammals. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 188. ISBN 9780801895333.
  10. ^ a b Ellerman, J. R.; Morrison-Scott, T. C. S.; Hayman, R. W. (1953). "Lagomorpha — Leporidae". Southern African Mammals 1758 to 1951: A Reclassification. London: Tonbridge. p. 221.
  11. ^ Meester, J. A. J.; Rautenbach, I. L.; Dippenaar, N. J.; Baker, C. M. (1986). "Order Lagomorpha". Classification of Southern African Mammals. Transvaal Museum Monographs. 5. Transvaal Museum. pp. 298–307. hdl:10520/AJA090799001_112. ISBN 0907990061.
  12. ^ Hewitt 1927, pp. 434–435.
  13. ^ Duthie, A. G.; Robinson, T. J. (1990). "The African Rabbits". In Chapman, Joseph A.; Flux, John E. C. Rabbits, Hares, and Pikas: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Gland, Switzerland: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. pp. 121–127. ISBN 2-8317-0019-1.
  14. ^ Kingdon, Jonathan (2015). "Hewitt's Red Rock-Hare". The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals (2nd ed.). London: Bloomsbury. p. 305. ISBN 978-1-4729-1236-7.

Works cited

  • Hewitt, John (1927). "On several new Rodents in the Albany Museum". Records of the Albany Museum. 3 (5): 430–440; Plates 26, 27.

Further reading

  • Matthee, Conrad A.; Robinson, Terence J. (1996). "Mitochondrial DNA differentiation among geographical populations of Pronolagus rupestris, Smith's red rock rabbit (Mammalia: Lagomorpha)". Heredity. 76 (5): 514–523. doi:10.1038/hdy.1996.74.
  • Collins, K. (2005). "Order Lagomorpha". In Skinner, John D.; Chimimba, Christian T. The Mammals of the Southern African Subregion (3rd ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 73. doi:10.1017/CBO9781107340992.013.

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