Hersbruck

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Hersbruck
Historical centre of Hersbruck
Historical centre of Hersbruck
Coat of arms of Hersbruck
Coat of arms
Hersbruck is located in Germany
Hersbruck
Hersbruck
Location of Hersbruck within Nürnberger Land district
Hersbruck in LAU.svg
Coordinates: 49°30′29″N 11°25′58″E / 49.50806°N 11.43278°E / 49.50806; 11.43278Coordinates: 49°30′29″N 11°25′58″E / 49.50806°N 11.43278°E / 49.50806; 11.43278
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Mittelfranken
District Nürnberger Land
Government
 • Mayor Robert Ilg (FRB)
Area
 • Total 22.91 km2 (8.85 sq mi)
Elevation 336 m (1,102 ft)
Population (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total 12,481
 • Density 540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 91217
Dialling codes 09151
Vehicle registration LAU, ESB, HEB, N, PEG
Website www.hersbruck.de

Hersbruck is a small town in Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany, belonging to the district Nürnberger Land. It is best known for the late-gothic artwork of the Hersbruck altar, the "Hirtenmuseum" and the landscape of Hersbruck Switzerland.

History

Hersbruck was founded in 976 when a castle was built there near a bridge. The name probably comes from Haderihesprucga, the bridge of Haderich.

In the Middle Ages the town was situated on the Golden Route from Nuremberg to Prague, which brought prosperity to Hersbruck. In 1297 Hersbruck was given municipal rights, after 1504 the town belonged to the area of the free imperial town Nuremberg and in 1806 became Bavarian. Hersbruck was the birthplace, in 1673, of Jacob Paul von Gundling, the famous and unfortunate historian at the court of Brandenburg-Prussia.

During the Nazi Regime, Hersbruck was a subsidiary camp of Flossenbürg concentration camp. The camp had about 10,000 prisoners, about 4,000 of them died in Hersbruck.

After World War II, that camp, on the outskirts of town, was converted for housing Latvian Displaced Persons and renamed as Camp Kathann. It was first operated by United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration and later by International Refugee Organization.

Today, the whole area where the camp used to be has been completely redeveloped. In 2007 the monument Ohne Namen (Without names) by Vittore Bocchetta has been erected in the Rosengarten close to the camp site. The artist, one of the Italian political deportees, had managed to escape in April 1945 during one of the so-called death marches from Hersbruck to Dachau, when the camp was evacuated by the Nazis with the approach of U.S. forces.

Suburbs

  • Altensittenbach
  • Kühnhofen
  • Ellenbach
  • Weiher
  • Leutenbach
  • Großviehberg

Partner community

Culture

In Hersbruck the Deutsches Hirtenmuseum, the only museum in Germany which shows the working and living conditions of herdsmen.

Recreation

In 2004 the Frankenalb-Therme (http://www.frankenalbtherme.de) was opened. It offers apart from a thermal and a fun bath area with a slide (length 82 m) also a large sauna area including several outdoor saunas.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). September 2018.

External links

  • http://www.hersbruck.de/ – official homepage of the City of Hersbruck
  • http://www.frankenalbtherme.de/ – fun- and thermal bath Frankenalb-Therme Hersbruck
  • http://www.kz-hersbruck-info.de/ – webpage of the documentation site concentration camp Hersbruck e. V
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