Herberton, Queensland

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Herberton
Queensland
Herberton.jpg
The main street of Herberton
Herberton is located in Queensland
Herberton
Herberton
Coordinates 17°22′53″S 145°23′02″E / 17.3813°S 145.3838°E / -17.3813; 145.3838Coordinates: 17°22′53″S 145°23′02″E / 17.3813°S 145.3838°E / -17.3813; 145.3838
Population 855 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density 36.70/km2 (95.04/sq mi)
Established 1880
Postcode(s) 4887
Elevation 918 m (3,012 ft)
Area 23.3 km2 (9.0 sq mi)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10:00)
LGA(s) Tablelands Region
State electorate(s) Hill
Federal Division(s) Kennedy
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
25.4 °C
78 °F
14.4 °C
58 °F
1,152.7 mm
45.4 in
Localities around Herberton:
Watsonville Moomin Moomin
Kalunga Herberton Wondecla
Kalunga Wondecla Wondecla

Herberton is a rural town and locality in the Tablelands Region, Queensland, Australia.[2][3] In the 2016 census, Herberton had a population of 855 people.[1]

At its apogee,[when?] Herberton was the richest tin mining field in Australia, and was home to 17 pubs, 2 local newspapers and a brewery.

Geography and climate

Herberton is on the Atherton Tableland in Far North Queensland. It is situated 918 metres (3,012 ft) high on the Great Dividing Range south-west of Atherton. Vegetation ranges from tropical rainforest to the east, wet sclerophyll forests to the north and east and open sclerophyll forests and woodlands to the north and west.

History

Cosmopolitan Hotel in Herberton in 1888

The first European exploration of this area, part of the traditional land of the Dyirbal, was undertaken in 1875 by James Venture Mulligan. Mulligan was prospecting for gold, but instead found tin. The town of Herberton was established on 19 April 1880 by John Newell to exploit the tin find, and mining began on 9 May. By the September of that year, Herberton had a population of 300 men and 27 women. Herberton Post Office opened on 22 November 1880.[4]

The town's name is attributed to John Newell. It is believed he named it after the Herbert River whose northern tributary (Wild River) flows through Herberton and/or after Robert George Wyndham Herbert, the first Premier of Queensland (after whom the Herbert River is named).[5]

In July 1881 the residents of Herberton had raised £115 for the construction of a school. Herberton Provisional School opened on 12 December 1881 with 35 students in the Herberton Hall; the fee was one shilling per week for the first child of a family with an additional sixpence a week for each additional child.[6][7] In October 1882 the Queensland Government reserved five acres and two roods for a state school and called for tenders to erect a state school and teacher's residence.[8][9] In November 1882 the contract for the buildings was awarded to James Pasley to construct the buildings using hardwood in nine months for £2,040.[10] In April 1883 the Queensland Government officially announced that there would be a new state school in Herberton.[11] The actual opening date of the new state school is unclear but Thomas Peter Wood was appointed headmaster of Herberton State School from 1 January 1884, so the school was operational at that time.[12] In 1912 the school was one of the first five schools in Queensland to receive a secondary department, commencing operations on 15 February 1912 with the arrival of the teacher Miss Ramsay B.A. who would teach two languages, English history, mathematics, and science.[13] In 1994 a new primary school campus was established with the secondary department remaining on the original school site.[14]

In January 1882 the Queensland Government called for tenders to construct a telegraph line to Herberton.[15] In March 1882 they called for tenders for a post and telegraph office.[16]

In the late 19th century the Mulligan Highway was carved through the hills from Herberton and passed through what is now Main Street, Atherton, before continuing down to Port Douglas. This road was used by the coaches of Cobb and Co to access Western Queensland.

St Mary's Anglican School for girls was opened in 1918 by the Sisters of the Sacred Advent.[17] The school closed in 1965.[18]

Mount St. Bernard College under construction

Mount St Bernard College was established on 1 February 1921 by the Sisters of Mercy.[19]

Tin mining ceased in Herberton in 1985.

The Herberton Public Library opened in 1995 with a major refurbishment in 2016.[20]

At the 2006 census, Herberton had a population of 974.[21]

In the 2011 census, Herberton had a population of 934 people.[22]

Heritage listings

Herberton has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:


Climate

Herberton is notably drier than the area around Atherton with average rainfall for Herberton of 1,155 mm (45.5 in).[29] Herberton is the most northerly location in Australia to have recorded a temperature at or below −5 °C (23 °F), and also the only location in Tropical North Queensland to have done so. The average minimum temperature ranges from 10 °C (50 °F) in winter to 18 °C (64 °F) in summer, while maximums range from 21 to 29 °C (70 to 84 °F).

Climate data for Herberton
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.2
(95.4)
35.2
(95.4)
32.8
(91.0)
33.0
(91.4)
30.6
(87.1)
31.1
(88.0)
28.3
(82.9)
31.7
(89.1)
33.3
(91.9)
35.7
(96.3)
38.1
(100.6)
36.7
(98.1)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 28.0
(82.4)
27.3
(81.1)
26.3
(79.3)
24.6
(76.3)
22.9
(73.2)
21.5
(70.7)
21.4
(70.5)
22.7
(72.9)
24.9
(76.8)
27.5
(81.5)
28.6
(83.5)
28.9
(84.0)
25.4
(77.7)
Average low °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
18.3
(64.9)
17.5
(63.5)
15.6
(60.1)
13.2
(55.8)
10.6
(51.1)
9.7
(49.5)
10.1
(50.2)
12.0
(53.6)
14.3
(57.7)
16.2
(61.2)
17.5
(63.5)
14.4
(57.9)
Record low °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
10.2
(50.4)
8.9
(48.0)
7.2
(45.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−5.0
(23.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
0.6
(33.1)
3.4
(38.1)
8.3
(46.9)
9.4
(48.9)
−5.0
(23.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 241.5
(9.51)
233.2
(9.18)
213.4
(8.40)
83.4
(3.28)
46.3
(1.82)
32.9
(1.30)
22.3
(0.88)
17.8
(0.70)
16.3
(0.64)
26.6
(1.05)
79.4
(3.13)
139.6
(5.50)
1,152.7
(45.39)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 16.5 16.5 16.6 13.9 11.9 8.5 7.0 5.4 4.7 5.2 8.4 11.7 126.3
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[30]

Industries

Several crops are grown around Herberton, and it is the location of Queensland's only tropical vineyard. Herberton is a mini salad bowl with crops including avocados, lettuce, tomatoes, maize and pumpkins. Poultry and beef industries are also present. Herberton's public hospital and the private school, Mt Saint Bernard residential college, are other major employers in the town.

Tourism and attractions

The Herberton Mining Museum and Visitor Information Centre opened in 2005, houses mining and social history of the Herberton Mining field, archives for the local area and maintains a genealogy project recording the families of the district and their histories.[31]

A Heritage Walk for tourists that takes in some of the old buildings and historical features of the town is a popular attraction. Historic Village Herberton is a 16-acre representation of a mining town filled with streets of buildings of the time, each one a museum in its own right with exhibits such as vintage machinery, cars and Australian antiques. It has more than 50 restored period buildings.[32]

The Herberton Spy & Camera Museum houses antique spy cameras, a photographic gallery and photographic memorabilia with guided tours through the museum and a working photographer and photographic studio.

Most recently, a Railway Museum has been established by volunteers in the former Herberton Railway Station building. This is operated by volunteers and only open part-time.

The Tepon Equestrian Grounds[33] just out of Herberton have recently been upgraded with a large undercover pavilion for equestrian and other sporting events such as cycling and mountain biking. Local markets are held on the 3rd Sunday of every month at the Wondecla Oval.

There are several caravan parks, hotels, motels and B&Bs located in the town.

Amenities

The Tablelands Regional Council operates a Herberton Public Library and Customer Service Centre at 61 Grace Street.[34]

The Herberton branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the QCWA Hall at 14 William Street.[35]

Education

Herberton State School is a government primary and secondary (Prep-10) school for boys and girls at Elwyn Phillips Memorial Drive in Moomin (17°22′20″S 145°22′44″E / 17.3723°S 145.3790°E / -17.3723; 145.3790 (Herberton State School)).[36][37] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 176 students with 20 teachers (17 full-time equivalent) and 17 non-teaching staff (12 full-time equivalent).[38] It inclludes a special education program.[36] The new primary school campus constructed in 1994 is not within Herberton but within the neighbouring locality of Moomin. However, the secondary (7-10) campus is at the original school site in Grace Street, Herberton (17°22′50″S 145°22′57″E / 17.3805°S 145.3825°E / -17.3805; 145.3825 (Herberton State School - Secondary Campus)).[39][40]

Mount St Bernard College is a Catholic secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at 15 Broadway Street (17°22′45″S 145°22′57″E / 17.3793°S 145.3826°E / -17.3793; 145.3826 (Mount St Bernard College)).[39][41] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 191 students with 34 teachers (32 full-time equivalent) and 31 non-teaching staff (26 full-time equivalent).[42]

Notable people

Notable people associated with Herberton include:

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Herberton (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Herberton - town in Tablelands Region (entry 15767)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Herberton - locality in Tablelands Region (entry 48668)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  5. ^ "Rose Hill - town in Shire of Torres (entry 21)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  6. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  7. ^ "HERBERTON". The Telegraph (2, 890). Queensland, Australia. 28 December 1881. p. 5. Retrieved 30 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ "OFFICIAL NOTIFICATIONS". The Brisbane Courier. XXXVII, (7, 719). Queensland, Australia. 7 October 1882. p. 6. Retrieved 30 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  9. ^ "OFFICIAL NOTIFICATIONS". The Brisbane Courier. XXXVII, (7, 731). Queensland, Australia. 21 October 1882. p. 3. Retrieved 30 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  10. ^ "The Brisbane Courier". The Brisbane Courier. XXXVII, (7, 749). Queensland, Australia. 11 November 1882. p. 5. Retrieved 30 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  11. ^ "OFFICIAL NOTIFICATIONS". The Telegraph (3, 283). Queensland, Australia. 21 April 1883. p. 5. Retrieved 30 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "OFFICIAL NOTIFICATIONS". The Brisbane Courier. XXXVIII, (8, 114). Queensland, Australia. 12 January 1884. p. 6. Retrieved 30 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  13. ^ "HERBERTON HIGH SCHOOL". Cairns Post. XXVI, (1243). Queensland, Australia. 24 February 1912. p. 4. Retrieved 30 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  14. ^ "History". Herberton State School. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  15. ^ "Official Notifications". The Brisbane Courier. XXXVI, (7, 497). Queensland, Australia. 21 January 1882. p. 6. Retrieved 30 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  16. ^ "OFFICIAL NOTIFICATIONS". The Brisbane Courier. XXXVI, (7, 545). Queensland, Australia. 18 March 1882. p. 5. Retrieved 30 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  17. ^ "ST. MARY'S CHURCH OF ENGLAND". Cairns Post. XXXI, (2981). Queensland, Australia. 15 February 1918. p. 6. Retrieved 20 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  18. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  19. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  20. ^ "Queensland Public Library Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. November 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  21. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Herberton (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
  22. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Herberton (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  23. ^ "Holy Trinity Anglican Church (entry 600538)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  24. ^ "Jack & Newell General Store & Petrol Bowser (former) (entry 600539)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  25. ^ "Herberton School of Arts (entry 600540)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  26. ^ "Great Northern Mine (Herberton) (entry 600542)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  27. ^ "Herberton Uniting Church (entry 601788)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  28. ^ "Herberton War Memorial (entry 600541)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  29. ^ "Climate statistics for Australian locations". Archived from the original on 6 September 2008.
  30. ^ "HERBERTON MOWBRAY RD". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. March 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  31. ^ "Mining Museum - Herberton". Archived from the original on 25 January 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  32. ^ "Historic Village, Herberton". Herberton Historic Village. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  33. ^ "Tepon Equestrian Park". Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  34. ^ "Herberton Public Library". Public Libraries Connect. Archived from the original on 15 January 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  35. ^ "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  36. ^ a b "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  37. ^ "Herberton State School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  38. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  39. ^ a b "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  40. ^ "Herberton State School - Secondary Campus". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  41. ^ "Mount St Bernard College". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  42. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  43. ^ 2001 Australian Red Cross. p. 16.
  44. ^ "MAJOR JAMES DOUGLAS HENRY D.S.O. O.B.E." Tunnellers Research Website. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.

External links

  • "Herberton". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland.
  • Town map of Herberton, 1980
  • Herberton Historic Village
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