Herbert Kroemer

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Herbert Kroemer
Herbert Kroemer.jpg
Herbert Kroemer in 2008
Born (1928-08-25) August 25, 1928 (age 90)
Weimar, Germany
Residence United States
Nationality Germany
United States
Alma mater University of Jena
University of Göttingen
Known for Drift-field transistor
Double-heterostructure laser
Heterojunction bipolar transistor
Awards J J Ebers Award (1973)
Humboldt Research Award (1994)
Nobel Prize in Physics (2000)
IEEE Medal of Honor[1](2002)
Scientific career
Fields Electrical Engineering, Applied Physics
Institutions Fernmeldetechnisches Zentralamt
RCA Laboratories
Varian Associates
University of Colorado
University of California, Santa Barbara
Doctoral advisor Fritz Sauter
Influences Friedrich Hund
Fritz Houtermans

Herbert Kroemer (born August 25, 1928), a professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of California, Santa Barbara, received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics in 1952 from the University of Göttingen, Germany, with a dissertation on hot electron effects in the then-new transistor, setting the stage for a career in research on the physics of semiconductor devices. In 2000, Kroemer, along with Zhores I. Alferov, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics". The other co-recipient of the Nobel Prize was Jack Kilby for his invention and development of integrated circuits and micro-chips.

He worked in a number of research laboratories in Germany and the United States and taught electrical engineering at the University of Colorado from 1968 to 1976. He joined the UCSB faculty in 1976, focusing its semiconductor research program on the emerging compound semiconductor technology rather than on mainstream silicon technology.

Kroemer was elected as a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 1997 and the National Academy of Sciences in 2003. He always preferred to work on problems that are ahead of mainstream technology. In the 1950s, he invented the drift transistor and was the first to point out that advantages could be gained in various semiconductor devices by incorporating heterojunctions. Most notably, in 1963 he proposed the concept of the double-heterostructure laser, which is now a central concept in the field of semiconductor lasers. Kroemer became an early pioneer in molecular beam epitaxy, concentrating on applying the technology to untried new materials.

Along with Charles Kittel he co-authored the popular textbook Thermal Physics, first published in 1980, and still used today. He is also the author of the textbook Quantum Mechanics for Engineering, Materials Science and Applied Physics.[2]

Kroemer is an atheist.[3]

See also


  1. ^ "Herbert Kroemer". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  2. ^ H. Kroemer, Quantum Mechanics, Prentice Hall (1994)
  3. ^ Kroemer, Herbert. "Herbert Kroemer – Science Video Interview". Interviewer: "You have no belief in a afterlife?" Kroemer: "That's correct." Interviewer: "...You don't see the evidence of a designer?" Kroemer: "No, I don't." Interviewer: "Could you say more about it?" Kroemer: "I think it's just wishful thinking."

External links

  • Quotations related to Herbert Kroemer at Wikiquote
  • Not Just Blue Sky
  • Nobelprize.org page
  • Personal Homepage UCSB
  • Freeview video Interview with Herbert Kroemer by the Vega Science Trust
  • U.S. Patent 5067828 Transferred electron effective mass modulator (Herbert Kroemer)
  • U.S. Patent 5013683 Method for growing tilted superlattices (Herbert Kroemer)
  • Herb’s Bipolar Transistors IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 48, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2001 PDF
  • Influence of Mobility and Lifetime Variations on Drift-Field Effects in Silicon-Junction Devices PDF
  • Heterostructure Bipolar Transistors and Integrated Circuits PDF
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