Henry Woodlock

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Henry Woodlock
Bishop of Winchester
Winchestercathedralwoodlockring.jpg
Ring found in Woodlock's grave, now in Winchester Cathedral
Appointed between 23 and 29 January 1305
Term ended 28 or 29 June 1316
Predecessor John of Pontoise
Successor John Sandale
Orders
Consecration 30 May 1305
Personal details
Died either 28 or 29 June 1316
Denomination Catholic

Henry Woodlock[1] was a Roman Catholic Bishop of Winchester. He is sometimes referred to as Henry de Merewell, from the place of his birth, a manor near Winchester belonging to the bishop.[2]

Before his election as bishop, he had been Prior of the Priory of St. Swithun (1295–1305), the Benedictine monastery which provided the clergy of the Cathedral of Winchester. He was the first Prior to have been elected bishop.[3] In his correspondence as bishop, Henry Woodlock therefore calls himself Frater Henricus.

King Edward I granted permission for an election to take place at Winchester on 23 December 1304, and Henry Woodlock was elected on 23 January 1305. The King granted his assent on 29 January 1305. The Metropolitan, Archbishop Robert Winchelsey of Canterbury, conducted the usual investigation into the canonical validity of the election and the character and suitability of the Elect, and on 10 March notified the King that he had conducted the examination and confirmed Bishop-elect Woodlock. On 12 March, the King granted the Bishop the temporalities of the diocese.[4] Woodlock was consecrated in Canterbury Cathedral on 30 May 1305.[5] He was enthroned at Winchester Cathedral on 10 October 1305.[6]

On 25 February 1308, Bishop Woodlock, who had obtained a special commission from the exiled Archbishop (and been the choice of the King), performed the coronation of King Edward II and Queen Isabella at Westminster Abbey, in a ceremony organized by Piers Gaveston.[7]

Bishop Henry Woodlock consecrated Gilbert de Segrave Bishop of London at Canterbury on 25 November 1313, since the see of Canterbury was vacant at the time.[8]

He died at Farnham Castle on 28 June 1316, and was buried in Winchester Cathedral.[9]

References and notes

  1. ^ Patrick Hanks; Richard Coates; Peter McClure (2016). The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland. OUP Oxford. p. 2945. ISBN 978-0-19-252747-9. 
  2. ^ Cassan, p. 177.
  3. ^ William Dugdale, Monsticon Anglicanum Volume I, new edition (ed. John Caley, Henry Ellis, Bulkeley Bandinel), (London 1817), pp. 197, 201.
  4. ^ John Le Neve; Thomas Duffus Hardy (1854). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae. Volume III. Oxford University Press. p. 12.  Cassan, p. 177.
  5. ^ William Stubbs (1897). Registrum Sacrum Anglicanum (second ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 70.  Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 277
  6. ^ Le Neve, p. 12.
  7. ^ John Capgrave (1858). F. C. Hingeston, ed. The Chronicle of England. London: Longman. p. 174. 
  8. ^ Dictionary of National Biography Volume 51 (London 1897), p. 199 column 2.
  9. ^ Cassan, p. 178. The date 29 June is often seen, though that was the Feast of Ss. Peter and Paul, not the Vigil.

Bibliography

  • Cassan, Stephen Hyde (1827). The Lives of the Bishops of Winchester from Birmius. Vol. I. London: Rivingyon. pp. 177–178. 
  • Denton, Jeffrey H. (2002). Robert Winchelsey and the Crown 1294-1313: A Study in the Defence of Ecclesiastical Liberty. Cambridge University Press. pp. 15, 36, 50, 259. ISBN 978-0-521-89397-8. 
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Goodman, A. W. (ed.). Registrum Henrici Woodlock dioecesis Wintoniensis 2 vols. (Oxford 1940, 1941) [Canterbury and York Society, vols. XLIII, XLIV].

External links

  • Farnham Castle, residence of the Bishops of Winchester (retrieved: 2017-12-23).
  • BHO: British History Online, Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300-1541: Volume 4, Monastic Cathedrals (Southern Province). Originally published by Institute of Historical Research, London, 1963. Bishops of Winchester, pp. 45-47. Retrieved: 2017-12-23.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John of Pontoise
Bishop of Winchester
1305–1316
Succeeded by
John Sandale

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