Henderson County, Tennessee

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Henderson County, Tennessee
Henderson County Courthouse, Lexington.jpg
Henderson County Courthouse in Lexington
Map of Tennessee highlighting Henderson County
Location in the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for James Henderson
Seat Lexington
Largest city Lexington
Area
 • Total 526 sq mi (1,362 km2)
 • Land 520 sq mi (1,347 km2)
 • Water 5.8 sq mi (15 km2), 1.1%
Population
 • (2010) 27,769
 • Density 53/sq mi (20/km2)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website hendersoncountytn.gov

Henderson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,769.[1] Its county seat is Lexington.[2] The county was founded in 1821 and named for James Henderson, a soldier in the War of 1812.[3]

History

Henderson County was established in 1821; it was named for Lt. Colonel James Henderson,[4] Jr. (1775-1814), of the Tennessee State Militia, who was killed in late December 1814 below New Orleans during a clash with the British Army. Henderson is said to have served in earlier conflicts such as the Creek Indian war, which took place during the same overall time period as the War of 1812.

After the Battle of New Orleans, Major General William Carroll's Tennessee brigade, which was the largest single force under General Andrew Jackson's command in Louisiana, established their outgoing camp upriver from New Orleans and named it Camp Henderson.

General Carroll's first term as Governor of Tennessee began the same year that Henderson County was established. Perhaps it was he who proposed naming the new county after his fallen officer James Henderson.

The county seat, Lexington, was laid out in 1822.[3] Like many Tennessee counties, Henderson was divided during the Civil War. Confederate sentiment was strongest in the western half of the county (where most of the county's plantations were located), while Union support was strongest in the hilly eastern half.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 526 square miles (1,360 km2), of which 520 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (1.1%) is water.[5]

The county straddles the Tennessee Valley Divide, with waters east of the divide flowing into the Tennessee River, and waters west of the divide flowing into the Mississippi River. Primary streams include the Beech River and the Forked Deer River.[3]

Adjacent counties

State protected areas

Major Highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 8,748
1840 11,875 35.7%
1850 13,164 10.9%
1860 14,491 10.1%
1870 14,217 −1.9%
1880 17,430 22.6%
1890 16,336 −6.3%
1900 18,117 10.9%
1910 17,030 −6.0%
1920 18,436 8.3%
1930 17,655 −4.2%
1940 19,220 8.9%
1950 17,173 −10.7%
1960 16,115 −6.2%
1970 17,291 7.3%
1980 21,390 23.7%
1990 21,844 2.1%
2000 25,522 16.8%
2010 27,769 8.8%
Est. 2016 27,822 [6] 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2014[1]
Age pyramid Henderson County[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 25,522 people, 10,306 households, and 7,451 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 11,446 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.45% White, 8.00% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,306 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 11.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,057, and the median income for a family was $38,475. Males had a median income of $28,598 versus $21,791 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,019. About 9.20% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.60% of those under age 18 and 14.50% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

The Beech River Regional Airport is a public-use airport located five nautical miles northwest (5.8 mi, 9.3 km) northwest of the central business district of Parsons, a city in Decatur County. The airport is located in Darden, Tennessee.

Communities

City

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 79.7% 8,138 17.6% 1,800 2.7% 279
2012 73.8% 7,421 25.0% 2,517 1.2% 117
2008 70.8% 7,669 27.9% 3,021 1.3% 144
2004 65.2% 6,585 34.2% 3,448 0.6% 63
2000 61.4% 5,153 37.7% 3,166 1.0% 80
1996 55.0% 4,002 39.0% 2,841 6.0% 439
1992 52.3% 4,719 38.8% 3,502 8.9% 803
1988 69.3% 5,418 29.4% 2,296 1.3% 105
1984 68.6% 5,362 31.0% 2,426 0.4% 33
1980 64.5% 5,108 34.1% 2,702 1.5% 116
1976 54.7% 4,152 44.4% 3,366 0.9% 68
1972 77.6% 5,122 19.9% 1,313 2.5% 162
1968 52.0% 3,591 17.8% 1,230 30.2% 2,086
1964 61.6% 3,133 38.4% 1,955
1960 70.1% 3,597 29.1% 1,490 0.8% 41
1956 66.9% 3,294 32.8% 1,613 0.3% 16
1952 67.5% 3,317 32.6% 1,601
1948 62.5% 2,278 31.7% 1,155 5.8% 210
1944 71.8% 2,570 28.2% 1,009
1940 62.8% 2,653 37.0% 1,560 0.2% 9
1936 50.1% 1,380 47.5% 1,307 2.4% 66
1932 52.1% 1,058 47.2% 958 0.6% 13
1928 73.4% 1,995 26.2% 712 0.4% 12
1924 60.4% 1,616 37.7% 1,009 2.0% 52
1920 71.6% 3,112 28.0% 1,217 0.4% 17
1916 57.7% 1,387 40.7% 979 1.5% 37
1912 21.7% 473 33.9% 738 44.4% 966

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e W.C. Crooks, "Henderson County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 17 October 2013.
  4. ^ Regimental Histories of Tennessee Units During the War of 1812; refer to 1st infantry regiment under Col. William Metcalf. Accessed 08 February 2017.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 5, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 5, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 5, 2015. 
  11. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-10. 

External links

  • Official site
  • Henderson County Chamber of Commerce
  • Henderson County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county
  • Henderson County at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
  • James Henderson (1775-1814) on Find a Grave

Coordinates: 35°39′N 88°23′W / 35.65°N 88.39°W / 35.65; -88.39

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