Help:Multilingual support (East Asian)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Throughout Wikipedia, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese characters (CJKV characters) are used in relevant articles.

Computers with older operating systems with the default language set to English or other Western or Cyrillic language settings will require some setup and proper fonts (See also: List of CJK fonts) to be able to display the characters.

Newer computer operating systems may not require any additional steps to view most CJKV characters.

Check for existing support

If you see boxes, question marks, or meaningless letters mixing into the first part, you do not have full support for East Asian characters.

Chinese

The text below has been language-tagged as Chinese and is shown in the default font used by your browser. Unless your browser locale is set to Taiwan, Hong Kong or Macau, this is usually the same font as is used for simplified Chinese characters.
人人生来自由,
在尊严和权利上一律平等。
他们有理性和良心,
请以手足关系的精神相对待。
Compare it to this image:
SimChinesetexttest.svg
The text below has been language-tagged as traditional Chinese and is shown in the default font used by your browser.
人人生來自由,
在尊嚴和權利上一律平等。
他們有理性和良心,
請以手足關係的精神相對待。
Compare it to this image:
Chinesetexttest.svg

Japanese

The text below has been language-tagged as Japanese and is shown in the default font used by your browser.
すべての人間は、生まれながらにして自由であり、
かつ、尊厳と権利と について平等である。
人間は、理性と良心とを授けられており、
互いに同胞の精神をもって行動しなければならない。
Compare it to this image:
Japanese text test.svg

Old Japanese Kanji (Kyūjitai)

The text below has been language-tagged as Japanese and used the Unicode variation selector for Kyūjitai is shown in the default font used by your browser. If you want to display correctly, you may need to prioritize any OpenType fonts which comply with the Adobe-Japan1-6 specification.
凡テノ人ハ生レ乍ラ自由ニシテ、
尊󠄁嚴及權利ニ附平󠄁等ナリ、
人ハ理性ト良心ヲ受クル者󠄁ニシテ、
同胞󠄁ノ精󠄀神ヲ以テ相行動スベシ。
Compare it to this image — the glyphs in green are correct:
Old Japanese with Variation Selectors.svg
Compare it to this image — the glyphs in red are wrong:
Old Japanese without Variation Selectors.svg

Hentaigana

The text below has been language-tagged as Japanese and is shown in the default font used by your browser.
𛂳𛄝𛁞𛀆𛀘゙𛁾
Compare it to this image:
Hentaigana.svg


Korean

The text below has been language-tagged as Korean and is shown in the default font used by your browser.
모든 인간은 태어날 때부터
자유로우며 그 존엄과 권리에
있어 동등하다. 인간은 천부적으로
이성과 양심을 부여받았으며 서로
형제애의 정신으로 행동하여야 한다.
Compare it to this image:
Korean text test.svg

Vietnamese

The text below has been language-tagged as Vietnamese and is shown in the default font used by your browser.
Tất cả mọi người sinh ra đều được tự do và bình đẳng về nhân phẩm và quyền.
Mọi con người đều được tạo hóa ban cho lý trí và lương tâm và cần phải đối xử với nhau trong tình bằng hữu.

Chữ Hán Nôm

The text below has been language-tagged as Vietnamese written in Han-Nom characters and is shown in the default font used by your browser.
畢哿每𠊚生𦋦調得自由吧平等𡗅人品吧權
每𡥵𠊚調得造化頒咮理智吧良心吧懃沛對處𢭲𠑬𡧲情朋友
Compare it to this image:
Start of the UDHR in logographic Vietnamese (Nom).svg

Instructions

Windows XP and Server 2003

Windows XP and Server 2003 include native support for East Asian languages. To install the files, check the Install files for East Asian languages in the Control Panel > Regional and Language Options > Languages. Note that a minimum of 230 MB of disk space is required and that the Windows CD-ROM is needed while installing support for East Asian languages using this method. (Non-East Asian localizations only)

Instructions for Windows XP and Server 2003

Alternatively, you can download the following installation packages. No disc is needed for this option.

Simplified Chinese.
Traditional Chinese.
Japanese.
Korean.

Windows Vista, 7, 8

Windows Vista, Windows 7 and Windows 8 include support for East Asian characters in the standard installation.

Windows 10

In the standard installation of Windows 10, Dengxian, SimFang, SimHei, SimKai, DFKai, MingLiU, Meiryo, MS Mincho, Ms Gothic, Yu Mincho, Batang, Gungsuh, Dotum and Gulim are no longer included. So when running certain apps on Windows 10, some characters display as a square or rectangular box, or as a box with a dot, question mark or “x” inside. To solve this problem, you must install the optional font feature of the specific language.

Instructions for Windows 10

Mac OS X

All recent versions of OS X (10.4+) support East Asian characters natively.

GNOME

GNOME supports East Asian characters natively. You may need to install appropriate fonts.

KDE 4

KDE supports East Asian characters natively. You may need to install the following packages:

  • Simplified Chinese: kde-l10n-zhcn
  • Traditional Chinese: kde-l10n-zhtw
  • Japanese: kde-l10n-ja
  • Korean: kde-l10n-ko

If this does not help, or works partially, but some characters are still missing, you may need to run qtconfig, and add a comprehensive unicode font to your chosen browser font's substitutions.

Debian-based GNU/Linux

In order to display Chinese, Japanese and/or Korean characters, you must install some font packages:

Language Serif Sans serif
Chinese (both Simplified & Traditional) fonts-arphic-ukai fonts-arphic-uming
Japanese fonts-ipafont-mincho fonts-ipafont-gothic
Korean fonts-unfonts-core

There are some alternative packages for some languages, but the ones listed above do work.

To install all the fonts listed above in Debian, Ubuntu, and other variants:

sudo apt-get install fonts-arphic-ukai fonts-arphic-uming fonts-ipafont-mincho fonts-ipafont-gothic fonts-unfonts-core

Arch Linux

For a large collection of fonts which comprehensively support Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, with a consistent design and look, install the following package:

pacman -S adobe-source-han-sans-otc-fonts

Fedora Linux

Install the appropriate packages: fonts-japanese, fonts-chinese, and fonts-korean. The command to download and install these fonts is

yum install fonts-japanese fonts-chinese fonts-korean

Gentoo Linux

Enabling the cjk (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) USE flag improves East Asian support in some packages, but is not essential.

Some useful font packages are (category media-fonts) arphicfonts (han), baekmuk-fonts (hangul) and kochi-substitute (hiragana/katakana).

e.g. for viewing Chinese text:

# emerge arphicfonts

Mageia Linux

Install the appropriate fonts packages. For example:

# urpmi fonts-ttf-japanese fonts-ttf-chinese fonts-ttf-korean

FreeBSD

CJK fonts can be installed on FreeBSD using freebsd ports collection:

# cd /usr/ports/x11-fonts/cyberbit-ttfonts && make install clean
# cd /usr/ports/japanese/font-kochi && make install clean

or by installing precompiled packages:

# pkg install ja-font-kochi

NetBSD

On NetBSD and other systems using pkgsrc, one can install CJK fonts with the following commands:

# cd /usr/pkgsrc/fonts/kochi-ttf && make install clean
# cd /usr/pkgsrc/fonts/cyberbit-ttf && make install clean

Other UNIX Distributions

Download the appropriate .ttf file (for example, kochi-gothic-subst.ttf) and copy it to your system's TrueType font directory (for example, /usr/lib/X11/fonts/TTF/). For example, (for Dejavu fonts):

wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/dejavu/dejavu/2.35/dejavu-fonts-ttf-2.35.tar.bz2
tar -xjvf dejavu-fonts-ttf-2.33.tar.bz2 (you need bzip support, or use bzcat dejavu-fonts-ttf-2.33.tar.bz2 | tar xvf -)
cp ./dejavu-fonts-ttf-2.33/ttf/* /usr/lib/X11/fonts/TTF

(or get the link to the current version here, and then update this help)

Then run (as root):

fc-cache /usr/lib/X11/fonts/TTF/

Restart X if it is in use, and the new font should be installed.

Unicode Fonts

  • List of free unified Simplified/Traditional fonts Integrates both Simplified and Traditional Chinese with display-tuned fonts (without anti-aliased blurring)
  • List of free Simplified Chinese fonts
  • List of free Traditional Chinese fonts
  • List of free Japanese fonts
  • List of free Korean fonts
  • A chữ nôm font for the former Vietnamese script
  • A set of chữ nôm fonts

See also

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