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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Welsh pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Welsh phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Welsh.

IPA Examples English approximations
b bach, cwbl, mab be
d dydd, cadw, tad do
joio, garej, diengyd (colloquial) just
ð ddoe, deuddeg, bedd wither
f ffenest, ei phen, cyffro, corff find
ɡ glân, cegin, cig get
h haul, gwahanol have
j iaith, geiriadur you
k cig, acw, ac sky, cool
l leicio, Alban, bol like
ɬ llyfr, cyllell No equivalent in English; some speakers pronounce a
voiceless palatal fricative instead (the sound in hl)[1]
m mab, cymaint, dim me
fy mhen, ym Mhen-y-bont No equivalent in English. Approximately like wormhole
n nerth, anadlu, gwyn no
fy nhad, yn Nhywyn No equivalent in English. Approximately like unhappy
ŋ fy ngwely, trengi, rhwng thing
ŋ̊ fy nghŵn, yng Nghymru No equivalent in English. Approximately like Shanghai
p pen, copa, map open
r radio, garw, dŵr right but trilled
rhestr, anrheg Voiceless r. Similar to pronouncing it hr in a similar way to English wh.
s Saesnes, swsus see
ʃ siarad, siop, brwsh she
t tatws, at stop
tsieini, wats chance
θ thus, athro, peth think
v faint, afal, arf very
w wedyn, ei wraig, gwlân was
χ chwaer, tuchan, bwlch Not present in English; similar to Scots loch
IPA Examples English approximations
a sant, pàs sand
mab, sâl father
peth, trên air
ə cymydog, rg about
ɛ perth, mès well
ɪ ɪ tipyn, sgìl it
ɨ punt, gwyn pin (SW)
hir, tîm be
ɨː llun, bûm, rhy, tŷ No equivalent in English; Russian ты
bro, ôl raw
ɔ bron, glòs off
cwch, dŵr pool
ʊ cwm, mg put
IPA Examples English approximations
ai ai tai eye
cau, nesáu pie
ɑːɨ hael, cae Yael
au llaw around
ɛu llew wayward
əi~ɛi əi~ɛi Seisnig pain
əu bywyd RP toe
ɪu ɪu lliw Similar to Cockney English till
ɨu Duw, menyw
ɔi ɔi osgoi boy
ɔɨ coeden soil
ʊɨ ʊi mwy, gŵyl French grenouille
Other symbols used in transcription of Welsh pronunciation
IPA Explanation
ˈ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable), for example cymydog [kəˈmədog]

See also


  1. ^ Wells, John (26 June 2008). "Welsh ll". John Wells’s phonetic blog. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
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