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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Svan pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

IPA Georgian Romanization English approximation
b b bash
d d do
dz j pads
ǰ hedge
f f fan
ɡ g gate
ɣ ǧ French-like R
h h head
j y yell
k (ejective) [1]
k' can
l l leaf
m m much
n n not
p (ejective)[1]
p' pan
q (ejective)[1]
q' Qumran (Hebrew)
r r road
s s sue
ʃ š shoe
t (ejective)[1]
t' table
tsʼ c (ejective)[1]
tsʰ c' tsunami
tʃʼ č (ejective)[1]
tʃʰ č' choose
v v van
w w well
x x Bach
z z zoo
ʒ ž vision
ʔ ʔ the glotal stop in uh-oh
Short vowels
IPA Georgian Romanization English approximation
ɑ a bra
æ ა̈ ä man
ə ə focus
e é ten
ɛ e bell
i i seed
ɔ o law
œ ო̈ ö neuf (French)
u u moon
y უ̈ ü une (French)
Long vowels
IPA Georgian Romanization English approximation
ɑː ა̄ ā bra
æː ა̄̈ ǟ bra
ɛː ე̄ ē fell
ი̄ ī feel
ɔː ო̄ ō fall
œː ო̄̈ ȫ Öl (German)
უ̄̈ ǖ Rübe (German)


  1. ^ a b c d e f Ejective consonants, which do not occur in English, are voiceless consonants that are pronounced with pressure from the throat rather than the lungs.
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