Help:IPA/Shan and Tai Lü

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Shan script and New Tai Lü script pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

IPA Shan New Tai Lü English approximation
b [1] ᦢ,ᦥ abash
d ၻ,ꩨ [1] ᦡ,ᦤ ado
f ᦚ,ᦝ food
ɡ [1] good
h ᦠ,ᦣ head
j ᦊ,ᦍ yak
k ᦂ,ᦅ scan
[2] ᦃ,ᦆ can
l လ,ꩮ ᦜ,ᦟ leaf
m ᦖ,ᦙ much
n ᦐ,ᦓ not
ŋ ᦄ,ᦇ bang
ɲ [1] canyon
p ᦔ,ᦗ span
ᦕ,ᦘ pan
r ရ,꩹ [1] [1] roughly like water (American English)
s [3] ᦉ,ᦌ sue
ʃ သျ shoe
t တ,ꩦ ᦎ,ᦑ stable
ထ,ꩧ,ꩪ,ꩩ ᦏ,ᦒ table
ts [3] ᦈ,ᦋ Betsy
tsʰ ၶျ cheese
θ [4] thing
v[5] ᦛ,ᦞ village
w[5] ᦛ,ᦞ way
x[2] ᦃ,ᦆ loch in Scottish English
z [4] zebra
ʔ ᦀ,ᦁ the catch in uh-oh
IPA Description
mid [aː˧]
à low [a˨˩] or [a˩]
â falling [a˥˩] (Tai Lü only)
creaky falling [a̰˥˩] (Shan only)
á high [a˥]
ǎ rising [a˨˦] (Shan only)
a᷄ high rising [a˧˥] (Tai Lü only)
a᷅ lowing rising [a˩˧] (Tai Lü only)
IPA Shan New Tai Lü English approximation
Short vowels
a unmarked cut
e ေ,ဵ roughly like say
ɛ ႄ, ႅ roughly like bat
i happy
o ူဝ် go without u sound (shorter)
ɔ ေႃ, ွ lot
u ု, ူ loot (shorter)
ို good
ိူ ᦵᦲ roughly like hurt (shorter)
Long vowels
ၢ, ႃ bra


  1. ^ a b c d e f In foreign words
  2. ^ a b /kʰ/ and /x/ are in free variation.
  3. ^ a b Sometimes /s/ and /ts/ are used interchangeably.
  4. ^ a b In Burmese loanwords
  5. ^ a b /v/ and /w/ are in free variation
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