Help:IPA/Saterland Frisian

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Saterland Frisian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

IPA Consonants
CONT TRAD Examples English approximation
b b Babe [ˈbabə] (BOTH)
[example needed] (CONT)[1]
[example needed] (TRAD)[1]
Approximation for [b]: bait
Approximation for [p]: sport
p
d d Dai [daːi] (BOTH)
Bloud [bloːut] (CONT)[1]
Bloud [bloːud] (TRAD)[1]
Approximation for [d]: duck
Approximation for [t]: stop
t
f Fjúur [fjuːɐ̯] (BOTH) feats
ɡ ɣ Gäize [ˈɡɛɪzə] (CONT)
Gäize [ˈɣɛɪzə] (TRAD)
goal (CONT);
roughly like go, but without completely
blocking air flow on the g (TRAD)
h hoopje [ˈhoːpjə] (BOTH) heal
k Kiuwe [ˈkɪuwə] (BOTH) school
l lait [laːit] (BOTH) land
m Múus [muːs] (BOTH) man
n näi [nɛɪ] (BOTH) neck
ŋ sjunge [ˈsjʊŋə] (BOTH) long
p Pik [pɪk] (BOTH) sport
ʀ r roowje [ˈʀoːvjə] (CONT)[2]
roowje [ˈroːvjə] (TRAD)[2]
no English equivalent (CONT);
trilled R; similar to water in American English (TRAD)
s s säike [ˈsɛɪkə] (BOTH)
fräisk [fʀɛɪʃk] (CONT)[3]
fräisk [frɛɪsk] (TRAD)[3]
Approximation for [s]: sock
Approximation for [ʃ]: ship
ʃ
t Toom [toːm] (BOTH) stop
v Woater [ˈvɔːtɐ] (BOTH) very
x noch [nɔx] (BOTH) loch (Scottish English)
z zuuzje [ˈzuˑzjə] (BOTH) zip
Semivowels
IPA Examples English approximation
ɐ̯ Fjúur [fjuːɐ̯] (BOTH)[2] roughly like ear
j Jader [ˈjadɐ] (BOTH) yard
w Kiuwe [ˈkɪuwə] (BOTH)[4] wine
Suprasegmentals
ˈ Böije [ˈbœːijə] (BOTH) Primary stress, as in deer /ˈdɪər/
ˌ [example needed] Secondary stress, as in commandeer
/ˌkɒmənˈdɪər/
IPA Vowels
CONT TRAD Examples English approximation
monophthongs
a fat [fat] (BOTH) art
aast [aːst] (BOTH) father
Dee [deː] (BOTH) Scottish day
ɛ Sät [sɛt] (BOTH) bet
ɛː tään [tɛːn] (BOTH) bed
ɪ Wille [ˈvɪlə] (BOTH) bit
Piene [ˈpiˑnə] (BOTH) leaf
Wíek [viːk] (BOTH) leave
Dook [doːk] (BOTH) Scottish stove
ɔ Dot [dɔt] (BOTH) RP/Australian hot
ɔː doalje [ˈdɔːljə] (BOTH) RP/Australian nod
øː Hööchte [ˈhøːxtə] (BOTH) Somewhat like fur
œː Göäte [ˈɡœːtə] (BOTH)
œ bölkje [ˈbœlkjə] (BOTH) Somewhat like nurse
ʊ Buk [bʊk] (BOTH) foot
kuut [kuˑt] (BOTH) boot
Múus [muːs] (BOTH) food
ʏ Djüpte [ˈdjʏptə] (BOTH) Somewhat like cute
ʏˑ wüül [vʏˑl] (BOTH) Somewhat like feud
Düwel [ˈdyːvəl] (BOTH)
diphthongs
aːi Bail [baːil] (BOTH) prize
aːu Dau [daːu] (BOTH) now
eu häuw [heuw] (BOTH) somewhat like say oo
eːu skeeuw [skeːuw] (BOTH)
ɛːu sääuwen [ˈsɛːuwən] (BOTH)
ɛɪ wäit [vɛɪt] (BOTH) face
iˑu Lieuw [liˑuw] (BOTH) somewhat like free will
iːu íeuwen [ˈiːuwən] (BOTH)
ɪu Kiuwe [ˈkɪuwə] (BOTH)
oːɪ swooije [ˈsvoːɪjə] (BOTH) boy
ɔːɪ toai [tɔːɪ] (BOTH)
oːu Douk [doːuk] (BOTH) go
ɔy floitje [ˈflɔytjə] (BOTH) choice
œːi Böije [ˈbœːijə] (BOTH) somewhat like boy
unstressed only
ɐ Woater [ˈvɔːtɐ] (BOTH)[2] nut
ə ze [zə] (BOTH)[5] about


Notes

  1. ^ a b c d In the contemporary dialect, the voiced plosives /b/ and /d/ are devoiced to [p] and [t] in the syllable coda. In the traditional dialect however, they tend to stay voiced [b, d].
  2. ^ a b c d The phoneme /r/ has the following allophones:
    • Pre-vocalic /r/ is realized as either a uvular trill [ʀ] (in the contemporary dialect) or an alveolar trill [r] (in the traditional dialect);
    • After vowels, the non-prevocalic /r/ is realized as a non-syllabic low vowel [ɐ̯];
    • The sequence /ər/ is realized a syllabic low vowel [ɐ].
  3. ^ a b In the contemporary dialect /s/ before a consonant tends to be retracted to [ʃ]. In the traditional dialect however, a preconsonantal /s/ is realized simply as [s].
  4. ^ After [u] and diphthongs ending in [u], /v/ is realized as [w].
  5. ^ /ə/ occurs only in unstressed syllables.
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