Help:IPA/Odia

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Odia pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Odia phonology for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Odia.

Consonants
IPA Odia English approximation
b big
abhor
[1] that
d̪ʱ[1]
ɖ dice
ɖʱ guardhouse
d͡ʒ junior
d͡ʒʱ fridge handle
ɡ go
ɡʱ pigheaded
h head
k skate
Kate, Stockholm
l light (clear L)
similar to "ld" in old, but with the tongue touching the back of the front teeth
ɺ̢ ହ୍ଳ
m might
n not
ɳ American morning
ŋ sing
p spot
pʰ pot
ɾ Scottish three, American ladder
ɽ ଡ଼
ɽʱ ଢ଼
s so
[1]
ʰ[1] thought
ʈ stop
ʈʰ top
t͡ʃ latch
t͡ʃʰ choose, which hand
Vowels
IPA Odia English approximation Pronunciation
woman About this sound pronunciation 
e ability About this sound pronunciation 
i ି, ୀ English About this sound pronunciation 
o short (UK)
ɔi poise (UK) About this sound pronunciation 
u ୁ, ୂ guru About this sound pronunciation 
u ୁ, ୂ guru About this sound pronunciation 
̃ roughly like on (American English), nasalized [ɒ] or [ɑ]. rendez-vous
Reduced vowels
IPA Odia English approximation Pronunciation
ɔ doctor About this sound pronunciation 
Semivowels
IPA Odia English approximation Pronunciation
j yet
w wine

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d For the typical untrained native English speaker, Odia [t̪ t̪ʰ ʈ ʈʰ] are perceived as /t/; likewise, Odia [d̪ d̪ʱ ɖ ɖʱ] are all perceived as /d/. Odia [t̪ d̪] are pronounced like Spanish [t d], with the tongue touching the teeth, and [t̪ʰ d̪] are how an Odia speaker pronounces English /θ ð/ (as in think' and that). Odia [ʈ ɖ] are pronounced with the tongue further back, touching behind the teeth, and [ʈʰ ɖ] are how an Odia speaker pronounces English /t d/; [ʈ] is how an Odia speaker pronounces English t after s, as in stop.
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