Help:IPA/Northern Thai

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Thai script and Tai Tham script in Wikipedia articles containing Northern Thai words.

IPA Northern Thai Tai Tham English approximation
b Lanna-23.png abash
d ฎ,ด Lanna-17.png ado
f ฝ,ฟ Lanna-26.png,Lanna-28.png food
h ห,ฮ Lanna-38.png,Lanna-32.png,Lanna-41.png head
j ย,อย,หย Lanna-44.png yak
k Lanna-1.png,Lanna-4.png scan
l ล,ฬ,หล Lanna-33.png,Lanna-32.png,Lanna-39.png leaf
m ม,หม Lanna-30.png much
n ณ,น,หน Lanna-16.png,Lanna-22.png not
ŋ ง,หง Lanna-7.png bang
ɲ Lanna-13.png,Lanna-31.png canyon
p Lanna-24.png,Lanna-27.png span
ผ,พ,ภ Lanna-25.png,Lanna-29.png pan
r ร,หร Lanna-32.png roughly like water (American English)
s ฉ,ช,ฌ,ซ,ศ,ษ,ส Lanna-9.png,Lanna-11.png,Lanna-12.png,Lanna-35.png,Lanna-36.png,Lanna-37.png sue
t ฏ,ต Lanna-14.png,Lanna-18.png,Lanna-20.png stable
ฐ,ฑ,ฒ,ถ,ท,ธ Lanna-15.png,Lanna-15-5.png,Lanna-19.png,Lanna-21.png table
t͡ɕ Lanna-8.png,Lanna-10.png question
w ว,หว Lanna-34.png way
x ข,ฃ,ค,ฅ,ฆ Lanna-2.png,Lanna-3.png,Lanna-5.png,Lanna-6.png can
ʔ อ, ะ Lanna-40.png,Lanna-aq.png the catch in uh-oh
IPA Description
= āː mid [aː˧]
àː low [aː˨˩] or [aː˩]
âː falling [aː˥˩]
a᷇ː high falling [aː˥˧]
áː high [aː˦˥]
ǎː rising [aː˨˦]
IPA Northern Thai[1] Tai Tham script English approximation
Short vowels
a ◌ะ, ◌ั◌ Lanna-aq.png, Lanna-sat.png cut
e เ◌ะ, เ◌็◌ Lanna-e.pngLanna-aq.png, Lanna-e.pngLanna-sat.png roughly like say
ɛ แ◌ะ, แ◌็◌ Lanna-ae.pngLanna-aq.png, Lanna-ae.pngLanna-sat.png roughly like bat
i ◌ิ, ◌ิ◌ Lanna-i.png, Lanna-Pali-i.png happy
o โ◌ะ, ◌◌ Lanna-o.pngLanna-aq.png,Lanna-konɡ.png go without u sound (shorter)
ɔ เ◌าะ, ◌็อ◌ Lanna-o.pngLanna-or-in.pngLanna-aq.png off
u ◌ุ, ◌ุ◌ Lanna-u.png,Lanna-Pali-u.png loot (shorter)
ɯ ◌ึ, ◌ึ◌ Lanna-ue.png good
ɤ เ◌อะ Lanna-e.pngLanna-oe-in.pngLanna-aq.png roughly like hurt (shorter)
Long vowels
◌า, ◌า◌ Lanna-aa.png,Lanna-aa-luang.png bra
เ◌, เ◌◌ Lanna-e.png◌,Lanna-Pali-e.png play
ɛː แ◌, แ◌◌ Lanna-ae.png roughly like man
◌ี, ◌ี◌ Lanna-ii.png green
โ◌, โ◌◌ Lanna-o.png◌,Lanna-o.pngLanna-aa.png go without u sound
ɔː ◌อ, ◌อ◌ Lanna-ang.png,Lanna-or-in.png dog
◌ู, ◌ู, Lanna-uu.png moon
ɯː ◌ือ, ◌ื◌ Lanna-ueue.png good (longer)
ɤː เ◌อ, เ◌ิ◌ Lanna-e.pngLanna-oe-in.png roughly like fur
iaʔ, iəʔ เ◌ียะ Lanna-e.pngLanna-sat.pngLanna-yy.png No English equivalent
ia, iə เ◌ีย, เ◌ีย◌ Lanna-e.pngLanna-sat.pngLanna-medial-y.png idea
uaʔ, uəʔ ◌ัวะ Lanna-ua.pngLanna-aq.png No English equivalent
ua, uə ◌ัว, ◌ว◌ Lanna-ua.png poor (British English)
ɯaʔ, ɯəʔ เ◌ือะ Lanna-e.pngLanna-oe-in.pngLanna-aq.png No English equivalent
ɯa, ɯə เ◌ือ, เ◌ือ◌ Lanna-e.pngLanna-oe-in.png No English equivalent


  1. ^ Vowels diacritics are shown on a dotted circle "◌".
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