Help:IPA/Nguni

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The charts below show the way in which the IPA is used to transcribe the Nguni languages such as Xhosa, Zulu, and Swazi.

A superscript X marks a sound or spelling found specifically in Xhosa, and Z specifically in Zulu. Sounds marked * are only in loanwords.

Consonants Vowels Tones
Non-click
IPA Orthography
bh
ɓ b
d
d̠ʲʱ dy x
dzʱ dz*
dʒʱ j
f f
ɡʱ gh z, g x
ɠ g z
h h
ɦ hh
j y
yh
kh
k
kxʼ kl z, kr x
l l
lh x
ɬ hl
ɮʱ dl
m m
mh
n n
nh
Non-click
IPA Orthography
n̠ʲ ny
n̠ʲʱ nyh
ŋ ng'
ŋʱ ngh*
ph
p
r r*
r*
s s
ʃ sh
th
t̠ʲ ty x
t̠ʲʰ tyh x
t
tsʼ ts x
tsʰ tsh x or ths x
tʃʼ tsh
tʃʰ tsh x or thsh x
v
w w
wh
x rh x
ɣʱ gr x
z
ʒʱ zh*
Click
IPA Orthography
ǀ c
ǁ x
ǃ q
ǀʰ ch
ǁʰ xh
ǃʰ qh
ǀʱ gc
ǁʱ gx
ǃʱ gq
ǀ̃ nc
ǁ̃ nx
ǃ̃ nq
ǀʱ̃ ngc
ǁʱ̃ ngx
ǃʱ̃ ngq
ǀ̃ˀ nkcX
ǁ̃ˀ nkxX
ǃ̃ˀ nkqX
Vowel
IPA Orthography
a a
ɛ e
e e
i i
ɔ o
o o
u u
ː
Tone mark Tone Bar
Tones
á ˦
à ˨
âː ˥˩
ǎ̤ ˨˦
à̤ ˨
a̤᷈ ː ˨˧˨
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Help:IPA/Nguni&oldid=811221940"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA/Nguni
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Help:IPA/Nguni"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA