Help:IPA/Neapolitan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Neapolitan language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Neapolitan phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Neapolitan.

Consonants[1]
IPA Examples English approximation
b banca; campagna; abbrile[2][3] bike
d dint’â casa; verde[3] done (with the tongue touching the teeth)
dz pensiero; canzone; cazetta[3][4][5] dads
maggìa; Francia[2][3] jab
f fatto; fernuto fast
ɡ (ɡ)[6] gatto; negro; manco[3] gas
ʝ famiglia; guaglione[2] roughly like yes, but stronger
k puorco; chiesa; quanno scar
l auciello; luglio lip or feel
m maggìa; ammore; infierno[7] mother
n monte; pensiero[7] nest
ŋ songo; cinco[7] singing
ɲ cugnato; ogne[2] roughly like canyon
p primmo; coppia spin
r grotta; sciore; camorra trilled r
s sano; presenza; stato[5] sorry
ʃ rascia; pesce; scarparo[2][5] ship
t tanto; rete; fatto star (with the tongue touching the teeth)
ts zùccaro; miezzo; pazienza[4] cats
auciello; cerasa; faccia somewhat between watch and wash[8]
v vufero; spavetto; vraccio vent
z snodo; sdignata[5] zipper
ʒ sbagliato; sveglia[5] vision
Semivowels[9]
IPA Examples English approximation
j iennaro/jennaro; auciello; cchiù you
w fuoco; guaglione wine
 
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Short vowels
a sciaurato; campagna roughly like manner (Scotland)
e viento; pecché roughly like pay, but shorter
ɛ spavetto; dente[10] bed
ə nùmmero; coppia; pecché[11] again
i primmo; insieme see, but shorter
o compongo; coppia roughly like law (RP), but shorter
ɔ còmmodo; Maronna[10] off
u urdemo; nùmmero; Napule tool, but shorter
Long vowels[12]
ɑː sciaurato; Napule father
insieme; peso roughly like pay
ɛː scena; vero bear (RP)
tipo; zie see
ammore; dint’ô sciore roughly like law (RP)
ɔː soje; cose more
ajute; fernuto tool
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples English approximation
ˈ cozze /ˈkɔttsə/ primary stress, as in bottle
ˌ lievemente /ˌljevəˈmɛndə/ secondary stress, as in intonation

Notes

  1. ^ If a consonant is doubled after a vowel, it is geminated; all consonants can be geminated except for /z/ and /ʒ/. In IPA, gemination can be represented either by doubling the consonant (fatto /ˈfattə/, miezzo /ˈmjettsə/) or by the length marker ‹ ː ›. Neapolitan, like standard Italian, also has a sandhi phenomenon called syntactic gemination, usually represented graphically: e.g. è ssoje /ɛ sˈsɔːjə/.
  2. ^ a b c d e /b/, /dʒ/, /ʝ/, /ɲ/ and /ʃ/ are always geminated after a vowel.
  3. ^ a b c d e After a nasal, /p/, /t/, /tʃ/, /k/ and /ts/ are replaced by their voiced counterparts [b], [d], [dʒ], [ɡ], [dz].
  4. ^ a b When not preceded by ⟨n⟩, ⟨z⟩ can represent either /dz/ or /ts/, according to the cases.
  5. ^ a b c d e ⟨s⟩ is pronounced:
    • /s/ when geminated or when not preceded by ⟨n⟩ and followed by ⟨t⟩, a vowel or a semivowel;
    • /ʃ/ when followed by any voiceless consonant except ⟨t⟩;
    • /z/ when followed by ⟨n⟩, ⟨d⟩, ⟨r⟩ or ⟨l⟩;
    • /ʒ/ when followed by any voiced consonant except ⟨n⟩, ⟨d⟩, ⟨r⟩ or ⟨l⟩;
    • /dz/ when preceded by ⟨n⟩.
  6. ^ If the two characters ⟨ɡ⟩ and ⟨Opentail g.svg⟩ do not match and if the first looks like a ⟨γ⟩, then you have an issue with your default font. See Help:IPA § Rendering issues.
  7. ^ a b c The nasals always assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant. Thus, the n in /nɡ/ is a velar [ŋ], and the one in /nf/~/nv/ is a labiodental [ɱ] (though for simplicity ⟨m⟩ takes its place in this list). A nasal before /b/ is always the labial [m].
  8. ^ When not geminated nor following another consonant, /tʃ/ tends to be pronounced [ʃ].
  9. ^ Two diphthongs, uo /wo(ː)/ and ie /je(ː)/, are always stressed, unless they are at the very end of a word.
  10. ^ a b Open-mid vowels /ɛ ɔ/ can only appear when the syllable is stressed.
  11. ^ After the stressed syllable, /a e o/ change to [ə]. This sound is sometimes also found before the stressed syllable and spelled ⟨e⟩, as is fernì /fərˈni/.
  12. ^ Vowels are long when stressed in a non-final open syllable: casa /ˈkɑːsə/ ~ cassa /ˈkassə/, or when compounds of preposition a and an article: a +’o = ô.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Help:IPA/Neapolitan&oldid=794003020"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA/Neapolitan
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Help:IPA/Neapolitan"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA