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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Mingrelian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

IPA Georgian Romanization English approximation
b b bash
d d do
dz j pads
ǰ hedge
ɡ g gate
ɣ (ejective)[1]
French-like R
h h head
j y yell
k (ejective) [1]
k k' can
l l leaf
m m much
n n not
p (ejective)[1]
p p' pan
q (ejective)[1]
r r road
s s sue
ʃ š shoe
t (ejective)[1]
t t' table
tsʼ c (ejective)[1]
ts c' tsunami
tʃʼ č (ejective)[1]
č' choose
v v van
x x Bach
z z zoo
ʒ ž vision
ʔ ʔ the glotal stop in uh-oh
IPA Georgian Romanization English approximation
ɑ a bra
ə ə focus
ɛ e bell
i i feel
ɔ o off
u u moon


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Ejective consonants, which do not occur in English, are voiceless consonants that are pronounced with pressure from the throat rather than the lungs.
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