Help:IPA/Malagasy

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Malagasy pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

English approximations are in some cases very loose, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See Malagasy language#Phonology for details.

Consonants
IPA Orthography nearest English equivalent
b b bill
d d dill
d͡z j heads ~ hedge [1]
ɖʐ dr Jill ~ drill [2]
f f fill
ɡ g gill
h h hill ~ ill
k k skill
l l lill
m m mill
n n nil
ŋ song
p p spill
r r rill (trilled)
s s sill ~ shill [1]
t t still
t͡s ts cats ~ catch [1]
ʈʂ tr chill ~ trill [2]
v v villa
z z blaze ~ beige [1]
Stress
IPA Example Note
ˈ ˌ stress (placed before stressed syllable)
Vowels
IPA Orthography nearest English equivalent
a a fat ~ father
e e pet ~ plate
i i, y seat
o ô, ao, oa old
u o coot
Diphthongs
aj ai, ay eye; Danish ey
aw ao Lao, often low
ej ei, ey grey
uj oy phooey!; French grenouille
Reduced vowels
ə a sofa
ə̥ a paternal (whispered)
ʲ y, i Preceding consonant is palatalized, i.e. pronounced as if a 'y' followed it; similar to minion
ʷ o quick but not fully rounding the lips
ː (long vowel)

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d /ts dz s z/ vary between these sounds, depending on speaker and situation. The latter is especially common when followed by the vowel /i/, including its reduced form [ʲ]. That is, [sʲ] is generally closer to English shill.
  2. ^ a b As the Malagasy spellings ‹tr, dr› suggest, /ʈʂ ɖʐ/ may be released into a trill, depending on speaker and situation.
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