Help:IPA/Māori

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Māori pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

English equivalents are only approximate, especially with the vowels, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
f Whakatane fat, what[1]
h Heretaunga hat
k kea sky
m Māori moon
n nā note
ŋ Ngaruawahia sung
p Paraparaumu spy
ɾ Te Reo far (Scottish English)
t Tongariro sty
w waka we
Stress
IPA Example Note
ˈ Waitangi[2] Mark placed before the stressed syllable.
ˌ
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Māori father (Northern English)
a Aotearoa mat (Northern English)
ɛː tēnā koe yeah
ɛ Te Reo bed
kīanga meet
i iwi city
ɔː tēnā kōrua law
ɔ Oamaru law, but shorter
ʉː Ngāi Tūhoe roughly like dude
ʉ Te Urewera roughly like individual
Diphthongs
ae roughly like lie
ai roughly like lie
ao roughly like house
au roughly like snow (American English)
oi roughly like boy
oe roughly like wet
ou roughly like snow (American English)

Notes

  1. ^ Māori wh is variable, and is often equated to English wh (for those without the wine-whine merger; New Zealand English has the merger). However, in contemporary Māori the most common pronunciation is [f], while the voiceless bilabial fricative [ɸ] or 'Japanese f', deemed by some to be the sole pre-European contact variant – an unsupported claim –, is rarer.
  2. ^ Stress falls on the first long vowel; otherwise on the first diphthong; otherwise on the first syllable—though never further than the 4th vowel from the end of the word, with long vowels and diphthongs counting double.
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